End the Wahhabi integration project of the greater Middle East?
Material posted: Publication date: 23-06-2013

Inconclusive vote in mid-may for "Qatari" draft resolution of the UN General Assembly on Syria, as well as the marked increase irritable tone in the media controlled by the current chief "integrators" of the greater Middle East – Saudi Arabia and Qatar, shows that with the Wahhabi integration project with each passing day it becomes increasingly problematic.

So, apparently, the region will continue to be the world "ground" for the global players.
 
Due to the significant increase in the role of energy resources in the region of the greater Middle East in global energy system, the space from the Atlantic to India in recent decades has become one of the key centers for the formation of a new global geopolitical situation.
 
However, the paradox in the region, until recently, was the fact that although the Arabs (indeed, the Arabic-speaking peoples) constitute the overwhelming majority of the population of the greater Middle East and occupy the lion's share of the territory, a total of 21 forming the state (and if "quasi-state" Palestine, 22), non-formal leaders in the region were up to last year's revolutionary events in the region just non-Arab countries.
 
This is Iran, Israel and, recently, Turkey, which seems to have finally stopped banging my head against the brick wall of the European Union and turned its foreign policy course on the middle East, fully immersed in the design of the Turkic ecumene.
 
It seems that this state of Affairs is already beginning to considerably irritate the excessively wealthy at the expense of increase of the world prices for hydrocarbons Arab monarchies of the Persian Gulf and made some excessively active rulers of these countries to "integrators" exploits.
 
The further events developed so-called "Arab spring", the more they resembled a "small-town struggle" for dominance in the Arab world. And the "front line" is clearly visible between authoritarian-theocratic monarchist regimes (Saudi Arabia and the so-called "small monarchies" of the Arabian Peninsula, first of all, Qatar) and modes moderately hard, paramilitary, authoritarian and, most importantly, secular (primarily Egypt, Syria, Libya, Algeria).
 
In fact we were witnessing the "podmate" the first second, the character of which was proved by actual transformation of the League of Arab States in the "Executive body" of the cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Persian Gulf.
 
There are three components of success "of slivnikov".
 
First of all, it is, of course, a high level of socio-economic development of the Gulf monarchies compared to other Arab States, their relatively stable economy and a strong financial capability, due to the revenues from energy exports.
 
However, in the information age it is not important. "Key" role in the successful struggle against their secular "sworn friends" played an active use of propaganda media resources (first of all, satellite TV channels "al-Jazeera" and "al Arabiya") and social networks, as well as clearly defined advocacy and skillful use of the objective difficulties of other countries of the Arab world (high level of corruption among various levels of government, social polarization of society, the underdevelopment of the mechanism of transmission of power, etc.).
 
And, of course, it should also be noted the use by Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the Gulf monarchies for their own purposes changes the strategic line of the USA in the region. It was expressed in the actual abandonment of the policy of "total democratization" of the middle East States and the course quite pragmatic in the formation of the "axis of moderate States to maintain stability" in the middle East as a counterweight to the "axis of extremism in the region" (Iran-Syria-Hezbollah).
 
Initially, the events in Tunisia and Egypt have shown that "blitzkrieg" from "integrators" seems to be a success. However, further development of the situation on the Libyan and especially Syrian fronts clearly demonstrated that the current success of the Saudi-Qatari integration "locomotive" in the region were only tactical. It became clear that to talk about the success of the Arab integration project under the auspices of the GCC premature.
 
That Wahhabi integration project now is defeated, there is a compelling reason. First of all, on the mental level.
 
In Arab States, where for decades used to the charms of social life, growing fear about the spread in its territory the Wahhabi model of social organization inherent in the current main "integrators" of the Arab world.
 
So I would venture to suggest that, say, the success of the Islamists in Egypt are temporary. One who has lived there for years and knows the Egyptians, I think, agree with me.
 
Besides, it is also important to take into account the presence of non-Arab regional players (already mentioned Iran, Turkey, Israel), which are different from the Arab monarchies of the Persian Gulf ambitions both in the region as a whole and about the Arab world in particular.
 
And although the unification of regional projects initiated by Turkey and Iran, while also looks unpromising because of the traditional distrust of the "Arab street" regarding the Imperial ambitions of both countries, all this significantly complicates the integration attempts of Qatar and Saudi Arabia.
 
In General, despite all efforts, fundamental changes in the acquisition of the "subjectivity" of the Arab world has yet to see. "The integration spirit" of Doha and Riyadh are significantly quenched in connection with the intransigence of Damascus. The League of Arab States is slowly returning to normal – talk-talk of pan-Arab and regional scene has been increasingly viewed the familiar outlines of the world's leading players.
 
This means that the greater middle East, due to inability to settle their political, economic and humanitarian space and to establish a stable system of external relations (say, like the European Union), apparently, while it would continue to be the world's "ground" object for testing various geopolitical projects "powers that be" and, above all, the USA.
 
Vitaly Nikolayevich Bilan candidate of historical Sciences, expert on the Middle East, exclusively for the online magazine "New Eastern Outlook".


Source: http://ru.journal-neo.org/2013/06/17/konets-vahhabitskogo-proekta-integra/

Tags: Iran , strategy , Syria , geopolitics , Libya , Near East