"Lord, have mercy! Lord, have mercy!" - the words of Serbian folk songs, prayers sounded at the concert in honor of the delegation of the Russian paratroopers in the mining town of Ugljevik in the East of Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A group of officers-paratroopers from Russia led by the former chief of staff VDV the General-Lieutenant Nikolay Starikovym came here to celebrate the 14 anniversary of the legendary March airborne battalion in Kosovo. In June 1999, the news stirred the world – Russian troops in front of NATO's avant-garde seized the Slatina airport is a key facility in Kosovo. The Serbs took heart. Marsh landing battalion many Russians caused a sense of pride for the country and the army.
After 14 years this date in Russia almost not noticed, except for a pair of media reports. "Didn't notice" her and in Belgrade, where today, more and more looking toward the West. But the humble 18-thousand Ugljevik, where ten years ago was the headquarters of a brigade of Russian peacekeepers, our paratroopers remember and love. "Serbia alive, while Russia lives," the essence of this memory were the words of the same song, performed by the Serbian girls...
The Russian delegation met the Chairman of the "Serbian-Russian Alliance" Savo Cvetinovic, in the past one of heads of the Serbian police, now a postal worker. Together with officers of the airborne troops, he restored peace and order to the troubled land of Republika Srpska. Loyalty oath, patriotism and Pro-Russian orientation and cost him his high position and career in the police. Too inconvenient it was for proteges from the international community, the "guards" of the IPTF (international police), too honest, too is the Russian peacekeepers.
Cvetinovic is one of those who doesn't change his views depending on the situation. Now such people are in short supply in Serbia, and in Russia. Russian paratroopers for him the most welcome guests ever.
Service at the security entity
The acute phase of the conflict in the Balkans has been extinguished. Gradually scar the wounds are in the past the heroes and traitors of the war that erupted in the debris of Yugoslavia and an ice rink which crossed the destinies of living people, on families, friendships, and the former unity of the peoples. The grass is overgrown the road and the skeletons of burned and abandoned houses. Yugoslavia is no more, and, as they say themselves, the Serbs will be no more. The reasons of disintegration of the country was much stronger and more effective than those of scrapie, Schiavi Yugoslavia since Tito. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbs, Muslims and Croats were divided into entities, separated in their territories, on opposite sides of the line of disengagement by the international community.
The refugees settled in new houses, moving housewarming even the graves of their ancestors. Now towns and villages with mixed population in Bosnia and Herzegovina is much less, although the former demarcation line Serbian villages are still interspersed with Muslim. In the 90s, when there were fights, shoot with the dominant heights roads local Serbs fleeing from snipers, along roads installed plywood boards and hung on the ropes, pieces of cloth and blankets, closing their view.
To the South, 600 km South-East of the Ugljevik – Kosovo field, the Serbs to a historic place in the 90-ies of the 20 century turned into the pain of the Serbian people. The defeat in the battle with the Ottomans seven centuries ago overlapped the tragedy of the genocide of Serbs 2000s.
...Memory inexorably takes us back to those days of the 90s when Bosnia and Herzegovina were imposed by foreign military contingents. The political leadership of the countries of the world, destroying, as he imagined, "the last Bastion of communism in Europe", "rip" and tore to pieces on religious and national grounds, the territory of the former Yugoslavia, initiating one of the bloodiest conflicts of the 20th century. All this, of course, in the name of democracy and justice. The end justifies the means...
The Serbs were left with less and less living space. Legalization of new reality became the Dayton agreement in December ' 94.
Peacekeeping airborne division of Russia was carrying at the time of the service in the Republika Srpska, which, according to many of its inhabitants, ensured public safety and prevented further clashes. The task is to separate the conflicting sides, to confiscate weapons, to establish a peaceful life. In fact, side box our troopers have served the U.S. military. What was unusual was that potential opponents, many years preparing to fight each other, served a peacekeeping mission in a single organizational structure of the multinational division "North", when representing their countries in the region.
"We were enemies, but met with each other on the battlefield, but as peacekeepers, - says General Nikolai Staskov. - Unusual conditions, given our training. Here learned to communicate in a peaceful manner. Gradually established cooperation, although initially it was not easy".
Ex-chief of staff of the airborne troops of Russia Nikolai Staskov on the location of the headquarters of the Russian peacekeepers brigade in Ugljevik, Republic of Srpska with the delegation of the Russian paratroopers
A division of the American Ranger is located in the headquarters of a brigade of airborne forces of Russia, officers of the Russian group interaction in the interests of Russian peacekeepers perform tasks on the basis of the American "Eagle" in Tuzla.
The attitude of the population towards the peacekeepers was specific Americans, here, to put it mildly, not loved, and the Russians saw the brotherly protection. Public confidence in our military, carrying military posts, patrolling the area of responsibility, according to Nicholas Staskova, then played a major role in the normalization of the situation. Has ceased to sound, the gunshots, the explosions, people gradually returned to civilian life: "the Impact of friendship of the Russian and Serbian peoples, which is a constant value".
The fact that the team of Russian paratroopers is firmly established in the Republika Srpska, in addition to deploying staff, units, and posts another task force, independently analyze information and transmitted it to Russia, not liked by the American command, demanding unconditional submission. "Partners" constantly complained to Moscow on the initiative of commanders of the Russian troops. For example, General Staskova Western media accused almost in the collapse of the Dayton accords, calling it "a gun without a fuse".
From the history
In January of 1996 for participation in peacekeeping operations of the multinational force in Bosnia and Herzegovina was directed separate airborne brigade of 1,500 soldiers.
In the night of 11 to 12 June 1999, the battalion of the Russian paratroopers for several hours made a dashing throw from Bosnia to Kosovo, capturing strategically important object – the Slatina airfield and ahead of the armored columns of NATO troops. After that, in accordance with UN security Council resolution No. 1244 on the basis of the decree of the President of Russia and in accordance with signed by the Ministers of defence of the Russian Federation and the USA 18.06.1999 in Helsinki "Agreed points of Russian participation in KFOR forces", it was decided decidedto hold direction in Kosovo of the military contingent of the Russian armed forces number 3616 people.
The airborne troops of Russia on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, alongside NATO, has participated in two peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Kosovo. In the big Marines controlled the territory with the total area – 1750 km2. Alsaproject controlled the line of disengagement – 75 km Units housed in 3 basic areas (2 on the territory of the Republic of Srpska Ugljevik and Surf, 1 – on the territory of Federation of BiH – Simin-Han).
Bombs-real and psychological
...The time was vague – it was preparation of the NATO aggression against Yugoslavia, which was followed by the Kosovo events. In the spring of 1999, NATO bombers lined up in military echelons to conduct (think of the term!) "humanitarian bombing" infrastructure Great Serbia just above the base area of the Russian brigade. To the border only 30 km away. less
Air once the carousel spun straight into the sky above the Ugljevik when a Yugoslavian MiG took an unequal battle with two of the newest American fighters, was shot down and leaving a trail of smoke started to go away toward Serbia. The Serbian pilot was able to eject. Him, wounded, picked up by local residents, and providing medical aid, ferried across the border with Serbia. But on the ground for several days scoured the search group of the American contingent, with the objective to take captive the downed pilot captive.
Leaflet for servicemen of the FRY in KOSOVO, spread by NATO aircraft in March-June 1999, Signed illustration: "Thousands of bombs...in obedience to the will of the entire world, will continuously pour on your unit". Signed on the back: "Warning aircraft the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: LEAVE KOSOVO! NATO uses against units of the armed forces of the FRY in KOSOVO and Metohija B-52 bombers, armed 225-kg bombs MK-82. One B-52 can carry up to 50 bombs! These aircraft will fly until then, until you cease your brutality, and will not expel you from KOSOVO and Metohija. If you want to survive and again to see their families, drop the weapon"
At this time the entire population of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the Republika Srpska, were subjected to vigorous psychological influence from the West. These places have become a kind of testing ground for "running in" of new information technologies and their further use in other regions of the world. Thousands of American specialists in psychological warfare launched work, creating media, connecting local television and radio stations, organizing "talk show", distributing fliers, etc. officers of the psychological warfare from the Russian brigade was opposed to this stream, creating other background information in the Serbian media, and often, according to the Americans, won in these duels in the air, on the screens and pages of Newspapers.
With the intensification of operations to oust the Serbs from Kosovo in addition to bombs, rockets and shells on Serbian troops and civilian targets from the air rained down leaflets with threats to bomb indefinitely. Processing of consciousness of the military people and the population did not stop not for a minute. We can say that in the Balkans, NATO forces win in the information sphere, as the damage from the air of the Yugoslav army in Kosovo, was minimal.
Here, in practice, worked out strategy and tactics, tested methods and means of information warfare.
On the scale of operations, NATO demonstrated by the fact that – one day suddenly the wind changed, and one and a half million leaflets dropped on Serbia, carried on the territory of neighbouring Hungary. Paper rain fell on the heads of young Hungarians. The leaflets were written: "Thousands of bombs...in obedience to the will of the entire world, will continuously pour on your unit... Alert the armed forces the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: leave Kosovo! NATO uses against units of the armed forces of the FRY in Kosovo and Metohija B-52 bombers, armed 225-kg bombs MK-82. One B-52 can carry up to 50 bombs! ...These aircraft will fly until then, until you cease your brutality, and will not expel you from Kosovo and Metohija. If you want to survive and again to see their families, drop your weapons..."
...But we cannot say that in this confrontation, Yugoslavia was doomed. Yes, in Belgrade methodical strokes had been the headquarters building of the military and civilian infrastructure, and social facilities. Cruise missiles and "smart" bombs hit the objects that are marked "blinking lights", placed American agents. But the Yugoslav army did not incur those losses that are expected in Washington and Brussels. Military units of Serbs successfully maneuvered, used masking and heat traps for NATO missiles. The defences have gradually learned to deal with air targets, shooting down the "invisible" F-117 "Stealth" and "Mirages". The army maintains the backbone and fighting ability... But systematic information-psychological treatment of Serbs have borne fruit –the official Belgrade accepted the conditions of the ultimatum of the international community. Kosovo along with Albanian forces was occupied by the Americans, the British and their allies. Requirements of Moscow to bring Russia into the format of the operation in Kosovo to stop the genocide of the Serbian population were ignored. Under these conditions, the Russian General staff and the staff of the airborne forces was made adventurous at first glance, and risky decision – the advance team composed of a separate airborne battalion to make semiotically March into the heart of Kosovo, ahead of the start moving across Serbian territory by NATO units to capture military airport Slatina and to ensure the landing of the main forces of the Russian peacekeeping contingent. It is significant that this plan was not even President Yeltsin, who will report about the operation after its completion. The cover has justified itself by 100% – at least, westernized environment of the President of Russia was completely in the dark, unable to present him a situation in the right thing and disrupt the throw parachute battalion.
"March I dream at night"
It looked like a picture from another life – the flowers on the armor, Serbian girls kissing Russian soldiers, violent glee. A battalion of Russian paratroopers throw took positions on Slatina airfield in Kosovo. As war was prepared and carried out this March? With these questions began a conversation with a direct participant of the described events, the commander of the Russian airborne battalion, nominated in Kosovo, Colonel Sergei Pavlov.
- NATO aircraft over our camp lined up in order of battle and left for Belgrade. We continued to patrol his area of responsibility, carried out peacekeeping tasks in the framework of the given mandate. There was no hint that could move. But to be honest – I had a premonition. The feeling often helps me, failed, and then. I suddenly felt that frisson of events in which we will be active participants, though personally I like to replace the remained two months.
Usually during this period, any commander not particularly zealous in the service. And I have just the opposite. The people said, "What are the battalion commander found, because it is time to relax and prepare for the rotation?"
In may we completed the technology transfer for the summer operating period. To this question I came very seriously and harshly asked with subordinates, with an emphasis on the quality of translation. Eventually it became a guarantor of success.
In preparation for the March 700 km we were given just 8 hours! More time constraints in my memory, no one was even in the Navy. Can someone repeat what failed us then? The big question. I'm not sure.
That night we had to remove three posts. People were deep in the mountains, the connection was poor. While conveyed, while duplicated, until we got confused and we got all, the time has gone. People passed on the feeling that's something big going on. The tension was universal, but was afraid to, I haven't seen.
... The time has come "H" and our column was set in motion When... was given to the military order, we realized that after an hour of us going. Are our sensations? How to react to this country, which is on his knees? God forbid, will be a failure... We were not afraid for himself, for his own skin. There was a feeling of huge responsibility, because excuses then will not. How to look people in the eye – why didn't, didn't? And always fear for people. God forbid...
The March took place without any losses. People then realized that my strictness has paid off – during the March, not out of service any piece of equipment the Task was completed. But I was blamed for excessive rigidity and insistence, said that it would be softer. The truth was on my side. Now I sleep soundly, knowing that no mother, no wife curses me... We all brought without loss, a task carried out without clashes. Then I crossed myself and said, "Thank God, all are alive."
- Was there danger on the route? As events unfolded?
- Out passage provided at a high level. So we never say that all was done I and General Rybkin. The decision was made there, and we only performed qualitatively. We almost "flew" surskie towns. Police patrols and border guards have provided a "green corridor". We have conducted exploration work on five points.
I assumed that something would be. An hour or two or three has passed, and someone could be returned to life, NATO could have landed landing landing method. What does it cost? After all, we were confronted by a huge machine of NATO. Of course, we prepared for the unexpected, up to the clashes. We had a full pack. But the hope was the surprise – went in on Sunday right on the highway, although I know that was an option for movement in the mountains. We "flew" along the way. Then I learned that the American command decided to land the Rangers, to organize an ambush and detain us in any way. Allegedly, on Board BTA with the SWAT team gets a balloon , hurt someone, and this idea fell through. Maybe they were smart enough to avoid clashes. But to us it was not very fun.
Soldiers and officers were awarded for this March?
- You're the first journalist who asks about awards of soldiers and officers. But this is a big problem. Everyone is interested in only one thing – who gave the order to March? And what my business who gave? I ordered my supervisor, and I have no right to ask questions, who in the upper echelons decided. It's not my business, because we got orders and went to execute it.
I know that not all awarded. Established the medal "Participant forced March, the Bosnia-Kosovo". Someone said, but I do know that two of my Deputy didn't get it. Don't know why. Five years ago I had a meeting in Ivanovo with my Deputy for educational Affairs Evgeny Morozov and chief of staff of the battalion Vadim Polynom left without medals. Laughter, and only. I say: "Commander, how's that?". What can I do? Was ready his medal to give, but we had two...
But I do know that these awards were given to those who in the March had not participated. All of our premium structure, those who sit in the headquarters, were out of out to find and award all the participants of the March. Two years after the March came the soldiers from the village in the Ryazan region and said that in the village all his teasing, they say, hang noodles that participants in the March in Kosovo, and no medals. I had to call back to human bodies and to demand...
For me personally the rewards are not important, I say it without affectation. The best reward is that I have kept fighters, which was responsible for... to wean people away from such modifications was very difficult... Experience shows that loss – revocable and irrevocable – not all combat. A huge percentage loss on sloppiness, due to carelessness, negligent handling of weapons, hindsight. We're in those circumstances, have avoided this, we have not had a single injury.
- The media has to read about the different "heroes" March on Kosovo...
Ten years in a row to me in Ryazan went the journalists and then the media has published another well-known name. Turned out that I was unwittingly as if erased from history. Immediately triggered the Russian mentality – me ceased to come and ask questions. There are a lot of evaluations of new versions, conjectures, but I am...
- When I came in Kosovo, and who faced?
- In 1.00-1.30 am gone Pristina – all the people in the streets. They got out late. When they were out of town, he heard Ivan call from Moscow. The column was stopped. General Rybkin someone had a long talk on the phone, then we have convinced him that I needed to go about six miles and complete the task.
We had to take the airport by 5.00 am. By this time he had to leave the Serbian unit of the armed forces and the approach of the English team. We are ahead of her for half an hour. The scouts reported that on the approach of division of the liberation Army of Kosovo (AOK). We managed to take positions and were ready for battle. Seized the runway, locked its armoured vehicles, cleared the main avenues of approach, blocked the highway to Macedonia, equipped positions on the perimeter. Trenches and revetments for armored vehicles dug in the rock of three days.
...A half hour as settled, with one of the posts reported that were approached by the British intelligence. The British stopped within sight and just "stunned" after seeing our Marines. Drove the English General, spoke on "Esperanto" - broken English. "Who are you? What are you doing here? Here we must be," he heard about these words. I had to reply that it was too late for that here – the position of the Russian troops. The General was conducted to the headquarters of our General. Collision was not...
Serbian girls kiss the battalion commander Sergey Pavlova after 14 years after the legendary throw to Prishtina. In Russia, many do not know their heroes in person
- Sergey, the question on the merits – that the battalion of the airborne forces were doing in Kosovo?
- Yugoslavia was bombed, the NATO force has solved the problem of Kosovo and Metohija – the disputed territory with ethnic and religious conflict. Not for me to give a political evaluation of the rights of Milosevic, when he introduced troops there or not, and someone who started cutting. Politicians and historians will understand. But the West acted here, demonstratively ignoring Russia. The day Chernomyrdin met with Albright, but in the end Kosovo began to divide into zones of responsibility without Russia.
Then it was decided to go to Kosovo alone. Our battalion was the vanguard – a military formation that captures the boundary, area, district and provides the approach of the main forces. We had to ensure the landing of our main force at the airport. However, for a number of reasons the troops landed, and the Russian peacekeeping contingent has arrived in another way. The main thing that we managed – Russia took part in the fate of the Kosovo Serbs. Initially it was enough to prevent the genocide which they created the Albanians. This was our mission. What happened next is well known, but not for us to judge. I, anyway, don't want to give political assessments. But as a person I'm very sad... Now, 14 years later, we communicate with the Serbs, and they give us a lesson of patriotism, love to the earth people, love to Russia.
What happened in Kosovo in those days?
- We saw that created the Kosovo liberation Army. They burned and bombed churches, massacred the Serbs. The airfield is off limits, because he knew that will receive repulse. And on the dairy plant in Pristina have repeatedly tried to penetrate, provoked. We took custody of this area, thus many Serbs were saved from punishment. Albanians showed offensive gestures, captured the Serb, put a knife to his throat and in front of us was trying to cut. And the open fire we had no right. The soldiers ran out, became a human shield, dragged, took people. All this was done under video cameras. Pure provocation...
- However, whether that would be enough multiple shots to the situation blew up?
- First, what came up to us the British, became a deterrent. Our military leaders wisely – ran them to the airport, gave them a place to sleep. But to us constantly there were threats.
We have received intelligence from which directions to expect the attack, as they could, masked, restricted all movement, we were warned that there are Albanian snipers that was tasked to take our paratroopers prisoner, to kill, to slaughter, as we personally warned the chief of the General Staff, General Kvashnin. But some people were intelligent enough not to climb. We organized day and night combat duty.
The soldiers – well done, no sloppiness or slackness. People really were ready. We had experienced contractors, good officers.
...Don't forget the picture in the first days after the March. Lying on the parapet of the trench one 37-year-old soldier is an experienced warrior and listening to. "What are you listening?" - "Fly or not". I like the movies say "don't worry, they'll fly of course."
Provoke us all the time – allowed the cattle right on our position, but we knew that animals were not shepherds, and scouts. Drove them away, there are different techniques. The main thing in that situation was not to break, not to provoke the shooting. Near our position was located the warehouse of fuel and lubricants. The Kosovars robbed him, took out fuel on tractors, constantly provoking the soldiers.
When the sea and in the air began to arrive with our main forces became much easier, the tension subsided. Us a good effort. We were met by the troops sent to sectors, while they were on duty at the airport.
14 years have passed and I can't forget. Marsh in front of me from the first second to the last. Was responsible almost for everything, and still can't forget this feeling of responsibility. Such pressure in life I no longer had. Remember – training "races" on the highway, stabbed the woman, the tears of women and the elderly... It's the most vivid impression in life.
March on Kosovo I dream, and will dream for the rest of my days. I continue to command at night... we did basically everything right – completed the task, saved people and vehicles...
Abduction: hole political shopping bags
The battalion commander Sergey Pavlov – a man of the old school, educated, correct and succinct. Now he teaches at the Ryazan higher airborne command school named for army General V. F. Margelov. Students often asked him to tell about the March.
...Definitely rapid March of the airborne troops at Pristina in June 1999 can be called a small victory for Russia. And ensure that it was not an armchair successes of diplomacy and not even the strong-willed blows with his fist on the table, and the simple landing of a battalion commander and his subordinates.
However, as often happens in such cases, victory has many fathers, but defeat is an orphan. With astonishment in the Navy later learned about many heroes of this legendary March, which in it or were not involved at all, or had, to put it mildly, very, very indirect relation. Some of them still sit in the state Duma, held positions in the Executive branch. Although in fairness it should be noted that the manner to sculpt fake "heroes" went from the meticulous to the "sensationalism" of the media, often do not bother to install and give the people the truth.
They say the success of the operation to take the paratroopers to the airfield in Slatina was released three gold medals. Allegedly, awarded to politicians and important chiefs. "Paratroopers don't need gold, he assured me in the Union of paratroopers of Russia". But all the soldiers and officers who took part in the events of 14 years ago, should be acknowledged by the state". But even an ordinary commemorative medals got.
For veterans of those events is just a pleasant trifle, which may even remember only once a year, putting on awards ceremonies. The Marines decided not to flaunt awards. But if the command orders to arrive when you order – you could see the iconostasis! And yet...
But this is only one side of the coin. The other side is that brave, in Russian Udaloy roll of the troops was not completely supported in the political arena. Yes, the Russian peacekeeping contingent has for several years faithfully served in Bosnia and Kosovo, representing a sample execution of the peacekeeping mission.
But facts are stubborn things – the Kosovo Serbs lost their Homeland. Those tens of thousands that remained in the province, still write letters to the Kremlin with a request to take them into Russian citizenship, because they turned away in Belgrade. In Kosovo looted dozens of Orthodox monasteries ruined and burned hundreds of churches. The population is mostly left those places. But Russia, with all its breadth and abundance of resources are unable to confront this shaft, are unable to become an obstacle in the way of injustice and outright evil. Although in the end of 1999 the command of the Russian brigade, stationed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, informed Moscow about a favorable moment for the establishment in the Balkans of Russian military bases. This call was not heeded, and the history is known, does not tolerate the subjunctive mood...
Today the reality is that the mental gap between Serbia and Russia is increasing. The older generation, especially those who remember the days of the USSR and Yugoslavia, communicated and worked together with peacekeepers from Russia, still feel an invisible connection with the Russian world, cherish it and are afraid to interrupt. But the younger generation in Belgrade does not know the Russian language, far from glorious and tragic pages of our common history. Young people, and in the cities of Russia, infected by the "disease of consumerism" in which matters of spirit and identity do not matter.
Many Serbs, Serbia and Republika Srpska of Bosnia and Herzegovina have already been deployed to the West. In relations with Russia local elite sees a primarily economic interest, that is, just business. Other areas – cultural and spiritual issues of the common faith in the best case only and declared on the backburner. Serbs learn to survive without Russia, although the decision to lay a gas pipeline "South stream" through Serbia met with great enthusiasm and anticipation of great change for the better. As the joke here, let the "better the Russians will shut off the gas than let the Germans".
With all the warmth and sincerity met and collaborated with the delegation of the airborne troops of Russia Serbian activist and public servant, the President of the Republika Srpska Miodrag Dodik, regularly conducting operational meetings with representatives of Gazprom, and have not found time to chat with members of the legendary throw on Kosovo. Probably, priorities and preferences have changed ...
"...Russia is gradually squeezed from the Balkans. For a variety of reasons. Long-term efforts of the Russian peacekeepers is vain. The Balkans have shifted to full Europe, flirting with the US. On the eve of the NATO aggression, the Serbs liked to repeat: "with Russia is 200 million, we are brothers"... - that's the opinion of one of the officers in the Marines peacekeeping contingent. - We will never forget how welcomed us Serbs. So during WWII the Russians met liberated from the Nazis of Europe. Such things are not forgotten, never... Recently read a comment online: "We then wiped the nose of NATO. They really was frightened, but as always – betrayed us... betrayed. Military betrayed the Serbs -- And therefore do not respect us...". To realize that the truth in this is – hurt and bitter. But it's not our fault. We did everything we could. And for the power it still hurt, a lot. Still..."
Ugljevik – Banja Luka – Moscow
Leaflet in Serbian and Albanian population of KOSOVO, prepared and distributed by unknown persons in April-may 1999: IS WANTED dead or embalmed BILLY CLINTON is a very dangerous criminal, a thief-recidivist, sexually preoccupied, although, actually, is quite helpless in the sexual relation of man, this protrasi Albanians vow to liberate Kosovo. The bounty: 45 million dollars in his pocket (or the f-117 Black hawk in good condition and without pilot). Available information you may send to the address: the Kosovo liberation Army, NATO, Brussels, the Great Albania. Note: the leaflet is written in Serbo-Croatian language, but using transcription, reproducing Albanian pronunciation
Residents of the capital of Republika Srpska Banja Luka greeted the delegation of the Russian airborne troops with a banner
Colonel Sergey Pavlov - the commander of the battalion that committed the March into Kosovo and occupied the airport Slatina. Now associate Professor, Ryazan higher airborne command school named for army General V. F. Margelov
Colonel, Hero of Russia Alexander Margelov talks with Russian volunteer who fought in the Balkans, Sergey Suhareva
Beret, vest and order Margelov transferred to the legendary General Ratko Mladic, who is in jail in the Hague, his son Darko
Zoltan Dani commanded the defence of Yugoslavia, tells how in March 1999, brought down an aircraft"invisible" F-117A "Stealth"
Russian paratroopers lay a wreath at the memorial on the site of the concentration camp Jasenovac, where during the Second world war, the Croatian ustaše tortured about 700 thousand people
The delegation of the Union of paratroopers of Russia at a conference dedicated to 14th anniversary of the March on Pristina, in the town of Ugljevik, Republic of Srpska
Yuri Kitten, photo by the author
Tags: assessment , Russia , NATO , Balkans