All this means that the Russian space industry has passed the point of no return, after which you can only remember the past greatness of the Soviet space program, making films like "first Time" and installing the busts of Gagarin. The country may actually collapse manned cosmonautics and rocket engine, what is today Russia is considered the leader. The reasons for this degradation was marked not today, and probably due to the fact that the modern Russian civil and commercial space is not needed.
"This is a 71 engine, or almost the entire groundwork for the second and third steps. Currently signed schedule of work, much of it will be held in 2017, but we understand that some portion will inevitably go for 2018," — said the General Director scientifically-production Association "Energomash" Igor Arbuzov. The problem identified in the RD-and RD 0210/0211-0213/0214 installed on the second and third stage of the heavy rocket "proton-M", respectively. Instead of materials containing precious metals, which should be applied on this type of engines, they used a less heat-resistant components.
RD-0210/0211 and RD-0213/0214 produces the Voronezh mechanical factory (VMZ). Also with the negligence of the enterprise associated with the crash of the carrier rocket "Soyuz-U" in December 2016, when because of the destruction of the RD-0110 was lost cargo ship "Progress MC-04". After analysis of the situation, the Director of VMZ Ivan Koptev has filed a resignation at own will. The company, previously submitting to the "Center Khrunichev" manufacturer "Proton" and "Science" is to be included in the holding company, managed by "Energomash", the manufacturer of the RD-180.
According to Arbuzov, the supply of refurbished units will begin in may 2017, and the need "not to disrupt the schedule of launches for the Federal space program, starts for the Ministry of defense of Russia and commercial launches, and also provide the necessary groundwork for compliance with the schedule of delivery of new crew and cargo to the International space station." First in 2017 launch of "Proton-M" moved for six months, on may 29. Well at least that problem VMZ is likely to relate to the ISS program slightly.
"Roskosmos" plan creating a light and medium versions of "Proton". Do not forget about light and heavy "Hangar", also produced by the "Center Khrunichev". The Corporation believe that these media will find a buyer on the world market. Meanwhile, the number of customers of commercial launch services in the world practically does not change, and the success of SpaceX in the market of commercial launches due to the fact that the company attracted customers of Roskosmos and the European Arianespace. As a result, Russia in 2016 has slipped to third place in the world in total number of starts, losing the place of the United States and China.
You can reverse the situation by reducing the cost of the rocket and increasing the culture of production. Fortunately, are still in demand, the vehicles of the middle class "the Union" produced by the Samara space-rocket center "Progress", however, and they, for example, for the same launches from Kourou, is replacing.
The "science" of the cut
"In the fuel tanks of the module, the newly discovered contamination, which all these years was trying to get rid professionals. Decided within two weeks to assess the state of the system module and then to report to management insights for decision-making about its launch. According to preliminary estimates, the elimination of the pollution and problems, you can start a module before the end of 2018 — beginning of 2019. It is not excluded that the launch will cancel", — said the source TASS about the module "Science."
According to him, to eliminate contamination such as metal powder formed during the manufacture of the module, you have to cut into the fuel tanks of the module, clean them from the inside, and then re-weld. This work could take a year. However, apparently, to carry them makes no sense, since all the rubber elements of the module are outdated and do not meet the requirements imposed on them. "In the end, none of the host body will not sign the document of acceptance of this module will not take responsibility for the consequences," says the source.
Module "Science" built in 1995, it was planned to launch in 2007. In fact, it is the alternate of "Dawn" — the first functional cargo block of the ISS, built on the money of the United States. Manufacturer of "Science" and "Dawn," the infamous enterprise "Khrunichev Centre". Module after 2024 will close the ISS program, was to serve as the basis of national Russian station. "Khrunichev center" already I peremabiri elements of "Science" in 2013, and also due to contamination with metal powder.
It turns out that by 2024, Russia may not have its own orbital station. And if so, the future of manned space exploration of the country will be called into question. In fact, this question is relevant now — in the next two years in the United States should be running three manned spacecraft — earth Dragon V2 Cockpit and a lunar-Martian, Orion and rocket and space Corporation Energia, the manufacturer of the Soyuz spacecraft, will lose the main source of their income.
In 2021 "Energy" needs to start flight tests of the ship "Federation", replacing the "Unions". Serious doubt that the new ship will be built in time, and even when ever it is ready, it is not clear where it will fly. The American lunar station or the Chinese earth?
"Will be fine"
"For anybody not a secret that in the USA the task to replace our engines may be less reliable and more expensive, but its American. It is now focused efforts. You have to understand that someday they'll do it," — said in March 2017 head of Roscosmos Igor Komarov, the news of the creation of the USA unit BE-4 — replacement of the Russian RD-180. He also spoke about the future of "Energomash", according to the order of the United States producing the RD-180, in case of refusal of the Americans from the Russian power units. Komarov believes that "everything will be fine and the enterprise will produce engines for other Russian projects, or for other countries or for other carriers in these countries."
Scientific-production Association "Energomash" has in its portfolio two major contracts with American partners. First the company provides in USA RD-180 engines for heavy rocket Atlas V, the second — the RD-181 for Antares secondary. The cost of the first contract exceeds a billion dollars, the second is 220 million. The first contract allowed the "Energomash" relatively comfortably exist in the last 20 years.
What will happen to the company, considered the world leader in the field of rocket engine, if its product will refuse in the United States? Products Energomash show interest in the Chinese copied the Russian technology of manned spacecraft and space station modules. If "Energomash" will begin to sell Southeast neighbor, your engines, it is possible that there will copy and these technologies will also refuse orders. If you do not cooperate with China, income will fall, which will inevitably affect the quality of the products. And will only rely on the domestic market or third world countries.
The comic industry
In fact, the last twenty years the Russian space industry was supported by foreign partners, who, apparently, during this time, learned the most useful of the successful Soviet industry. But the industry afloat.
Where today, "Roscosmos" (or one of his reincarnations) start "Progress" and "Unions" if Boeing in 1994 have not ordered from the "Center Khrunichev" belonging to NASA, the first module of the Russian segment of the ISS, launched in 1998? What would happen to the "Energomash" if the US had not ordered the Russian RD-180? When would be launched rocket "Angara", if not for the contract of the "Center Khrunichev" with South Korea to create a light carrier KSLV (Korea Space Launch Vehicle), whose first stage is the same as the new Russian media?
The answers to these questions are disappointing for the "Roscosmos". The popular image of the United States as an enemy of the Russian cosmonautics does not hold water. In this situation, the creation of the Russian super-heavy launch vehicle, or reusable carrier flying to the moon or Mars, missions infested with radiation resistant electronics stations to the gas giants and speech can not be. What awaits the space industry of the country, if any qualitative changes in it will not happen (and there for more than 20 years of reforms and reorganizations not occurred)? It is quite clear already today: it is enough to look, for example, the degree of compliance with international standards of modern Russian automotive or aviation industry.
Tags: Russia , space