Not so long ago, military experts from the U.S. army to practice military planning introduced a new concept of "hybrid threats" (threats hybrid) and interconnected with the concept of "hybrid war" - as a form of military action involving the conflict is heterogeneous in composition, means that the level and nature of training forces. The concept of "hybrid war" in many ways, returns us military art to the concept of "total", a comprehensive war, "war of annihilation", which is characteristic for the final stages of world war I, and defines the whole nature of the Second world war. As the most probable opponents that are able to implement a "hybrid" threats, such as China, Russia, Iran and North Korea.
According to American experts, the simultaneous and combined use of heterogeneous resources enable the adversary to achieve an asymmetric advantage. The effectiveness of implementation of hybrid threats is that at the current stage of development of the art of war the U.S. army is preparing to neutralize the threat only of one kind: military construction is underway to counteract the regular forces of the enemy (in this case military operations are conducted with the use of all kinds of weapons and military equipment), or for the purpose of combating the guerrilla movement (in this case, are the so-called "non-military" operation - "operations other then war").
Today's strategic planning does not allow to simultaneously develop solutions to counter threats with an integrated ("hybrid") character. As a successful practical application of this approach, experts are successful actions of Hezbollah against the regular IDF in the summer of 2006.
The countering hybrid threats is expected to base next upgrade of the concept of combined forces ("Joint Forses"). It is also assumed that this concept will form the basis for another "Quadrennial review" of the Ministry of defense (QDR) – the document determining the main directions of military construction.
According to American experts, the traditional division of contemporary conflict the nature of the opposing parties on the conventional (the opposition of the regular army of the enemy) and kontrpartiya (the fight against insurgent, guerrilla, and other irregular military units), does not allow them to adequately assess the reality of the situation. In a real situation, the U.S. army had to fight with the enemy using any available means – from regular military units, to special teams and the wide guerrilla movement.
The main problem faced by the military analysts at the Pentagon in the case of the adoption of the concept of "hybrid threats" is to organize the process of effective resource allocation planning: what portion to allocate to counter conventional threats and asymmetric? The concept of the "hybrid" threat should unite in groups, defending and justifying the great options of building the armed forces of the United States, reducing the intensity of emotions at the Pentagon on basic principles of military construction.
Such a dramatic reversal in the minds of military experts of the Pentagon can attest to the fact that in their assessments of the development of military-political situation they come from further escalation of tension in the world and the need in this regard to prepare the U.S. armed forces not to point the individual and regional conflicts, as it was previously, and by large-scale (in time and space), which will involve a significant number of both States and non-state players with all available arsenals of warfare (including physical, chemical, biological, and information weapons)with different culture of war and for different purposes.
In addition, this may indicate some overestimation of threats from regular armies and irregular military forces and terrorist organizations. If at first staged threats from guerrilla warfare and terrorism, and interstate conflict was considered the least likely, but now the probability of such conflict will be significantly improved.
In General, such behavior of the military experts of the Pentagon coincides with existing estimates, the further development of military political situation in the world, according to which, the impact of the global financial and economic crisis will entail the escalation of several conflicts, and the emergence of new ones.
In addition, the United States is to maintain its global leadership, will contribute to increased tensions, especially in inter-state relations, and the growth of social tension in the world will lead to a substantial increase in threats associated with intensification of guerrilla actions and terrorist groups and movements. Simultaneously to these processes and imposed financial constraints on the modernization and development of the armed forces of the United States, also associated with the crisis. All these factors became the basis for the revision of the views of military experts of the Pentagon on the future of armed conflict.
Tags: war , USA , threat