The war in the Balkans is not yet over
Material posted: Publication date: 17-05-2017
The Yugoslav war is a series which began in 1991 conflict, painted in ethnic colours and more bloody than the war in Chechnya or in the Donbass. Killed more than a hundred thousand people. The Serbian army fought with the Croats, Bosnians and Albanians, raised, later, the separatist movement in Macedonia. Intervened and NATO; the Alliance even bombed the Serbs in 1995 and 1999. As a result, over half a million Serbs have become refugees. Clashes with Muslims in Serbia and Macedonia are happening today, and at the Hague Tribunal condemned already more than fifty Serbian leaders, including former President of Republika Srpska Radovan Karadzic. Russian volunteer Oleg Valetsky participated in the Bosnian war, he served in the Serbian army during the Kosovo protection was an instructor in the armed forces of Macedonia. Received five wounds, and wrote memoirs "the white Wolves", a fundamental review of the "Yugoslav war" and other books. According to Walecki, who has lived in Serbia for almost twenty years, the result of American intervention in the Balkans the forced deprivation of Serb statehood and sooner or later will flare up a religious war, which will end with the invasion of the Turkish army.

The dot over the "i" in the sequence of the Serbian-Muslim conflicts in the former Yugoslavia have not completely delivered?

Without going into the question as to who played a more important role at the beginning of the Bosnian war in 1992: the conflict is not over, it can continue bosnacki and Albanian factors. The very structure of society in the former Yugoslavia and the borders of the national republics, created by Joseph Tito, laid in the present. Tito was a regular guest in London and Washington, was, of course, a politician of high rank, and not by chance proclaimed Bosnian Serbs-Muslims in 1974 as a separate nation. When you build a religious group within the ethnic body in the whole nation, thus undermining the foundations of the state throughout the region.

Subsequently, when the war began in Bosnia, still no Bosniaks were not, were Muslims and Bosniaks, as a nation, appeared in 1993. Now, in the same Sandzak (a region in Serbia and Montenegro), many Muslims called themselves Bosniaks; in the future, is a new war. Also, although Kosovo and withdrawn in 1999 from Serbia, but the Albanian community remain in southern Serbia, Albanians active in Macedonia.

The General gist of the conflict is simple — Yugoslavia, after a quarrel with Stalin, Tito represented the Trojan horse of the US in the socialist camp, but because of the collapse of the Soviet Union was not needed. The Belgrade nomenclature, and grew out of her oligarchs were closely associated with the West. The disintegration processes were launched from it. The last defence Minister of Yugoslavia, General Veljko kadievich recalled that in the face of Belgrade's army met the main obstacle in the preservation of the country. A huge security apparatus was paralyzed the face of poorly armed groups of Croatian and Muslim separatists, and often whole sections surrendered to the enemy. In the end, the Serbian people are the backbone of Yugoslavia — was destroyed.

You fought in Bosnia. When they stopped fighting, what, in your opinion, went wrong?

The Americans, assuming the role of Supreme arbiter in the Yugoslav crisis, created Bosnia and Herzegovina — a state that can only exist with external support. Politics in Bosnia is determined by the diplomats of the US and the UK.

It all started with the fact that in Bosnia first came to the UN observers and the OSCE, and then peacekeeping troops under a UN mandate. By the way, with the approval of the Yeltsin government. The Serbs since 1992 by the decision of the UN security Council resolution 781 of 9 October 1992, forbidden to lift into the air planes; that the vote and Russia. Aviation, NATO was authorized to shoot down any aircraft Serbs.

 

Mikhail Evstafiev
Burning of the Parliament building in Sarajevo. 1992

In parallel, the war was waged with the "internal enemy" — the people, the negative sentiment against the Serbian ethnicity in the environment inherited from the SFRY intelligence and nomenclature. Due to this, in 1995, and the events occurred: the massacres by the Serbs in July of Muslim prisoners in Srebrenica and the hostage-taking of peacekeepers, the blame for which was passed on to all the people, while most Serbs did not know what was happening. NATO has got convenient justification for air strikes on the Serbs, which led to their defeat in the war with the Muslims and Croats.

Peace talks in Dayton leaders of the Republika Srpska were not invited as participants, and they were forced to transfer their credentials to the Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, who designed for them a unified Bosnia and Herzegovina. Although the Serbs fought to stay in Yugoslavia. Against their will was included in Bosnia and Herzegovina, thus giving control of Muslims and Croats a number of areas with a Serbian population. Overall, the Daytona is the brainchild of bill Clinton.

How is the transformation of the Serb Republic within the Bosnia and Herzegovina after Dayton?

Since 1995, the United Nations peacekeeping forces were replaced first by the implementation Force (IFOR), and then 60-thousandths stabilization Force (SFOR) of NATO, with the participation of teams from Russia. The changes were formal — operation of the USA against the Serbs was continued. It was created by the High representative (OHR) — Committee with representatives of the United States, Britain, France and Russia. She carried out military and political power in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the right to dismiss any official ban policy and conduct their activities. Pressed even in the Serb entity, demanding to exclude from the programs works by some of the classics of Serbian literature and even the study of folk traditions as "violating the national feelings of other peoples."

 

Tresnjevo
The ethnic composition of Bosnia and Herzegovina

It was a strategy — a policy of forced integration of the Serbs and Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Applied economic pressure, blackmail, accusations of war crimes; so they forced the leadership of Republika Srpska to go on the maximum concessions. The same policy was conducted in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina consisting of ten cantons, divided into communities — Croat and Muslim.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into districts with a single trial. Integration runs under control of international observers and the constitutional court "Representation for human rights". There is a single Ministry of defence and the army, 10 thousand people, which is still divided along ethnic regiments; but the armed forces of the RS in 2006 ceased to exist. The BiH army was involved in the us operations in Iraq. A solution to their economic issues, the Serbs are also on their own. Unified Ministry of police, but there are supranational structure of SIPA (Central police Agency), an analogue of the FBI. Recently, they had arrested the leadership of "Bank Srpska". There is such a service as a WASP (STB).

 

Pereslavtsev
Republika Srpska

Muslim politicians want the complete abolition of the Republika Srpska. Until that happens, but the United States gradually forced the Serbs to abandon their statehood. This contributes to the split between political parties is "Serbian democratic party" and "Union of independent social-Democrats".

Last year's life sentence to former President of Republika Srpska Karadzic at what angle you are considering?

More than fifty Serb commanders were convicted by the Hague Tribunal, another tool to create a unified Bosnia and Herzegovina; this is not a method of struggle for legitimacy. When convicted officers and fifty — two hundred will know what they can plant, and will not oppose NATO policy. Constant accusations about the notorious genocide of Muslims keep a tight rein on the Republic of Srpska.

The Hague Tribunal is important not himself, Radovan Karadzic, and his status of the President. This is a blow to the legal status of the Republika Srpska, which will give the right to the revision of the peace Treaty in Dayton. Why then was acquitted of Vojislav Seselj? The sentence he gave nothing to them, as Seselj was the only Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia in 1998-2000 and in politics, a special role is not played. General Ratko Mladic, commander of the army of Republika Srpska, waiting for the same thing and Karadzic; but the sentence I will try to be directly linked Serbia to the International court in the Hague, from Bosnia and Herzegovina to prepare a new ground to accuse Serbia of aggression and, consequently, to the demands of reparations payments.

 

Mikhail Evstafiev
Radovan Karadzic

How the Americans managed to subjugate the country, because the Serbs in the Republika Srpska was a large army, a powerful militia commanders?

Who are the Serbian military in Bosnia? Is part of the Yugoslav people's army, thousands of 120-130 people, is renamed the Army of Republika Srpska. There was a large number of deserters from the fact that Radovan Karadzic, under pressure from Belgrade, Slobodan Milosevic did not accept the martial law. For three years they fought against the enemy, who constantly received help from the outside, but in the end they began to bomb NATO.

Also there was not as such a militia and warlords. Of course, created the volunteer units, however, reaching the level of the maximum company and, moreover, were part of the regular units. For example, was known to the Governor Vasily Vidovic, but he fully obeyed Iliyassou brigade. Similarly, another popular Governor — Slavko Aleksic's staff was in an anti-tank company of the 3rd infantry battalion of the 1st Sarajevo motorized brigade.

Surprising, because "integration" has not erupted for a guerrilla war, because in many countries where the American "peacekeepers", begins guerrilla.

No, it caused the collision. There were cases when the arrest for the Hague Tribunal, the people resisted and killed; suffered losses and "stabilization Force". The Serbs made 20-30 explosions in 1996-1998, but it is impossible to demand from them, that they fought against the whole NATO. "Peacekeepers" have behaved in Bosnia is not so toothless as in Third world countries. When 1997 rolled demonstrations organized by "Serbian democratic party" against the occupation in Birch and Bel, with burning of cars, "international organizations," U.S. soldiers fired on the Serbs, wounding five people.

Loners are unable to hold mass actions of resistance. In Lebanon in the 1980s, fought Hezbollah and Amal, large organizations Shiites who blew up the barracks of us Marines in Beirut in 1983. They were supported by Syria and the Soviet Union. Understand — the population of the Republic of Srpska only one and a half million people. Serbia was trying to get out from under sanctions; she was given to understand that if Belgrade would support armed groups in the PC will not remove the sanctions. After the bombing in 1999 over Kosovo and the overthrow of Milosevic in 2000, the United States gained control over the policy of Belgrade and its security forces. What kind of guerrilla warfare could be involved?

Capital and economic relations of the Serbian elite were in the West, mainly in England. A Serbian oligarchs live in London. You think Milosevic overthrew the students that went outside? No — people from the KGB and the army. Students played the role of extras. "Bulldozer revolution" is the will of a few oligarchs, politicians and generals.

What place plays the Muslim part of Bosnia in Washington politics?

In fact, in the Balkans the main pillar of the United States is Croatia, a NATO member. Their influence in Bosnia, Serbia and Macedonia, the Americans secured through Croatia. The Bosnian Muslims? They are Americans, basically, and no pressure, not sent to the Hague, except for isolated cases. Is the dual policy, and Bosniaks are already under the influence of Turkey. While Turkey is friends with the US, but the first differences in the Ankara — Washington and Bosniaks will be against the Americans. Especially considering the fact that at least three thousand Bosniaks, members of the Wahhabi organizations.

During the war, when there was a Bosnian Wahhabism, USA closed eyes on him, using against the Serbs. The Mujahideen came to Bosnia in 1993, the British "peacekeeping" sector. In September 1995 she had an operation in the mountains Ozren. The detachment "El Mujahid", subordinate to the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with five hundred people, of which half — garibi (foreigners, mainly Arabs), broke through the Serbian positions under Vozuca and took up to a third Osinskogo array. Killed 500 Serbian soldiers and civilians, and the fate of fifty prisoners remained unknown. The U.S. air force bombed the Serbian center for communication and relay nodes in the city of Doboj twenty kilometers from the front. There is a joint action by NATO and the Mujahideen, and later formed the basis of "al-Qaeda" (an organization whose activity is prohibited in Russia). What is significant: when U.S. Secretary of state Hillary Clinton, in 2011 the war in Libya, where NATO aircraft attacked Gaddafi's forces fighting the Salafis.

The current Bosnian Islamists — a semi-underground movement or legal group?

Wahhabi or Salafi (Salaf — the righteous path) of the community legal; they are not banned, as it is a religious organization. But they are often subjected to actions of investigative bodies of the Central office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Searches and arrests intensified after the Muslims took part in the Syrian war. Prior to this, the Wahhabis in the post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina organized a series of attacks against the local Croats, killing and wounding dozens of people, especially police officers. Quite a serious movement, especially in Sarajevo. They are closely related to Arab organizations. By the way, if to take to the streets of Sarajevo, a suburb of Sarajevo, you will meet plenty of Arabs and their women in a burqa that he moved to Bosnia. It's not just the fundamentalists. Arabs from Kuwait, UAE and Saudi Arabia lead the systematic buying of lands and houses through local attorneys in the Federal district of Sarajevo where Serbs were expelled. Build whole housing complexes on thousands of apartments.

 

Illustration: Pixabay.com
A mosque in Mostar

Fundamentalists impose their views on the inhabitants of Bosnia?

Salafis do not show aggression to local Muslims; in this case, no political movement has no chance of success. Another thing is that they have conflicts with those Bosnians who reject them. Many Muslims in politics oppose the Wahhabis. Externally the majority of Muslims are neutral to the Salafis. But if you break out of economic turmoil is unknown, where it will turn people's sympathy. Maybe that will increase the support of the Salafis.

The prospects of Muslim radicals is good enough. Sole: Bosnia geographically isolated, it has a certain complexity. For the Wahhabis of the region — reference point: to organize terrorist attacks, for example, in Kosovo against the Serbs, and in Europe.

How does the European Union on a stable position of the Islamists in the region?

No way. The population of the Muslims of Bosnia occur with the consent of Washington. The European Union plays a subordinate role in relations with NATO, where the main violin played by the United States, which according to the results of the Second world war occupied Germany — a key factor of Europe, obedient. After the war in Germany not understand why I brought a lot of Turks. In the 1960-ies of the policy of settling migrants France led by Prime Minister Georges Pompidou, in front of this deliberately brought from Algeria by the French troops, who by that time had almost suppressed the revolt. Now we see the installation of a systematic migration of the bridge Syria — the Balkans.

I'm not saying that relocating all Muslims are religious extremists. But when people from a specific cultural environment relocating to a new place with a different culture — it creates a potential basis for radicalism. Who moved from Syria to Bosnia? Refugees from camps controlled by Turkey, is closely associated through the army and intelligence agencies with the United States. Refugees cannot by yourself pick up and start to cross on. Naturally, they are mainly Sunni, with close tribal ties, many of their relatives — members of "Jabhat EN-Nusra" (organization banned in Russia) and DAISH (ISIL — an organization whose activity is prohibited in Russia). It is quite natural that if a member of the Caliphate will be leaving, relatively speaking, the ruined city Mureck in Sarajevo, it is the new place to find their loved ones and continue the activity.

The war in Syria leaving Slavic Wahhabis or the Arabs?

The Bosniaks. Newcomers to Jihad tourism is not particularly noticed. It's in the 1990's, they played a prominent role, as many Arab Mujahideen remained in Bosnia: hundreds of them have received citizenship as former soldiers. Then they took him for "September 11 2001" in the USA and they were forced to leave the country; many through the Turkish intelligence services have gone on Jihad to Chechnya.

Estimates of the Sarajevo magazine "Slobodna Bosna", in mid-2013 for about fifty Salafis from the region participated in the fighting in Syria, and the most numerous were immigrants from Sarajevo. So one Salafi from the Wahhabi community in the village of Gornja Maoca, Moise SABIC, died 29 April 2013 at the fighting in the Syrian city of Aleppo, in the quarter of El-Safir. The community leader Nusret Imamovic, along with veterans of Syria Javadom Goloshes from Mostar and Kenan Medichem of Visoko recruited volunteers for "An-Nusra" (organization banned in Russia), closely connected with "al-Qaeda" (an organization whose activity is prohibited in Russia).

Only from Bosnia and Herzegovina, about 300 to 400 Bosnians have gone to fight in Syria, mainly in the ranks of "al-Nusra" (organization banned in Russia). But how many of them went to DAIS (organization banned in Russia) is unknown, due to closure of the Caliphate. If Bosnjak want to war — no it does not hurt. I bought a plane ticket to Turkey — no visa needed — the Turkish secret services will be met and transferred across the border to Syria, via the town of Antaki and Reyhanli, in Idlib or Aleppo under. Of course, if he will give the interview — there will be problems.

Islamic Iran is not trying to play the religious card in Bosnia?

The activities of Iran was to order the US by arming the Bosnian Muslims, which in fact Tehran has successfully completed. However, in Bosnia the Mujahideen perceive Iranians as enemies. As noted by Vlado Azinovic unnoticed by the Russians in the study of "al-Qaeda: the myth or a real danger," from the suspicion of sympathy for Iran, the Islamists were driven out volunteers from their units and at least one was killed. Politically Tehran played a less important role than Saudi Arabia — the power of Sunni fundamentalism, with its enormous influence on US policy.

Tehran, of course, sent during the war in Bosnia its "revolutionary Guards"; they opened training camp Pogorelica that "international forces" in 1996 covered. Was killed by Uglen Nejad, Deputy head of HADES (the Muslim security service of Bosnia and Herzegovina). Obviously, the Iranians. Between Iran and the United States was an agreement on the supply of Iranian weapons to the Bosniaks, as once the "contras" in Nicaragua. Bosnia in the nineties was the place where acted the various secret services, who tried not to interfere.

But the Iranians are Shia Muslims and Bosnians, mostly Sunnis. The radicalism of the Shiites, but it wasn't Salafism; many Sunnis do not consider Shiites Muslims.

After Bosnia the Americans were involved in the Kosovo question. There to what the denominator all come from?

Kosovo is a consequence of American policy on demolition of Serbia and only a protectorate of the United States, created by the violent seizure of the province from the political jurisdiction of Belgrade under the impact of the NATO air strikes in 1999. The current Kosovo — a tool for the destabilization of the Balkans, because a lot of Albanians living in Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. A springboard for a new war. In Kosovo, almost all Albanians are Muslim, unlike in fact Albania, where many Albanians are Christians: Orthodox and Catholics.

After the war, with already controlled by NATO's Kosovo Albanian militants invaded Macedonia, where they were six months fighting. What is significant in June 2001, during the liberation of the village of Aracinovo, Albanians, under the blows of the Macedonian artillery and Ukrainian helicopters, among them were the Mujahideen withdrew from the environment of the American military, specifically entered in Macedonia from Kosovo. The war itself was under pressure from the US and the UK in terms of the strife of Macedonian politicians. Then NATO put pressure on Skopje and the Albanians have received in Macedonia preferences. Now the Albanians in the Republic is a very influential force. Periodically them are armed clashes. Extreme — last year.

In the lands of the former Yugoslavia there is still a potentially explosive point?

In the Serbian and Montenegrin Sandzak is growing strong Wahhabi movement, paired with Bosnia and Kosovo. Here volunteers going to the middle East in Syria 14 may 2013 died Bosniak nationality, a resident of Novi Pazar Eldar Kundakovic (ECU Bera). A native of the Montenegrin coast Having salihović (Abu Merde) — also Bosniak, found his death in Syria.

In the Serbian Sandzak after the removal of Milosevic power is vested in the local parties of the Muslims, supervised at first, of American diplomacy. There have already been clashes with police and gendarmerie, and the Serbs are persecuted regularly. Now for the Islamists, Turkey is firmly investing money in South Serbia. Albanians, Muslims and Bosniaks historically — reliance of the Ottomans on the Balkans and closely connected with Turkey, which ambitious force. The ruling Islamist "Party of justice and progress" is looking for a breakout point and a pretext for expansion on all frontiers: the Caucasus, the Crimea, Syria and, of course, the Balkans. The Turkish troops already in Kosovo, in the framework of the NATO mission. As acknowledged by the former Minister of foreign Affairs Ahmet Davutoglu, while in Sarajevo: "Turkey has the right to alter the order relations in the Balkans, in order to protect its historical heritage. We wish to see a new region based on political values and cultural harmony. That was the Ottoman Balkans. We will update these in the Balkans." Erdogan also has stated: "Kosovo is Turkey and Turkey is Kosovo!".

Illustration: Commons.wikimedia.org

All the chances that there is a conflict breaks out; and then the Turkish army will break freely through the Balkans and into Muslim West Bosnia and Herzegovina. A small total number of the armies of Bulgaria, Serbia and Macedonia — perhaps a hundred thousand people, combined with the growth of the Muslim population in these countries the fifth column of the Turks, — ensure easy success.

It will be in the end, the political end for Serbia?

After Milosevic in Serbia, the Americans worked the same strategy, as in Bosnia. In 2003, with the European Union, obeying the US, a Pact was signed "On stability in South-Eastern Europe". The army was reduced significantly — up to 30 thousand people; with the help of advisers from the NATO tanks and air defenses were cut for scrap, the fleet was sold off, and the aircraft remained five 29's MiGs and a couple dozen stormtroopers. The only thing now capable of the Serbian army, is to perform operations in peacekeeping missions. Turkey has four field army, and half a million people in the armed forces. For the Serbs, everything will be worse than after Dayton or rejection of Kosovo.

Maxim Sobieski

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Tags: Balkans