14 Jul Rosoboronexport for the first time published on its website statistics on contracts in the space industry. And it was truly amazing. "All of the Rosoboronexport (2000 — "SP") on a given orbit more than 30 satellites, from 14 countries, including in the interests of the UK, Germany, Italy, China, Norway, Sweden, European space Agency" — quoted the General Director of the company Alexander Mikheyev.
Among the most important projects implemented with the participation of Rosoboronexport, stated the launch of satellites in the interests of the Republic of Korea, Italy and the United States with space-rocket complex sea-based Sea Launch, five military spacecraft remote sensing SAR-Lupe (Germany) from the Plesetsk cosmodrome, as well as four satellites in the interests of Australia (Intelsat-22), UAE (Yahsat-1B), Canada (Anik G1) and Turkey (Turksat-4A) from the Baikonur cosmodrome.
It is stressed that Rosoboronexport at the upcoming international aviation and space salon MAKS-2017 will conduct active marketing promotion of products, works and services in the space field.
Note that Rosoboronexport in the withdrawal of foreign spacecraft acts as a mediator between the customer and the Russian space Agency. Therefore, the statistics reflects only the work. The number of foreign satellites (including those that belong to NATO countries), placed in orbit by Russian booster rockets, much more.
But the question arises: should Russia put into orbit the spacecraft, which NATO uses in its own interests, if "Western partners" in full saber-rattling at our borders and impose restrictions against Russian companies?
For example, in March 2017, the state Department announced new sanctions against Russian companies, where such number includes Rosoboronexport. In 2014, it became known that the United States banned the supply to Russia of radiation-resistant components used in devices for registration of radiation, thereby trying to block the implementation of the international project on creation of the space Observatory "Spectrum-UV".
By that time, with domestic rockets "proton-M" in 2014, was launched into space, the European satellite "Astra-2G", in 2015 — two British communications satellite Inmarsat 5F2 and Inmarsat-5F3, in 2016 — 31 American Intelsat DLA-2 and EchoStar 21.
All anything, only the satellite Astra-2G, manufactured by Airbus Defence and Space (a division of the European group Airbus Group) commissioned by satellite operator SES (global telecommunications satellite operator with its headquarters in Luxembourg), the Minister of defense of Luxembourg Etienne Schneider, is designed for temporary reservation of frequencies of communication of NATO. Although the stated purpose of the satellite is purely peaceful — provision of telecommunication.
Moreover, Astra-2G at the time was to reserve the point for military satellite of the Alliance (and probably reserved) and to provide communication for the military X - and Ka-frequency bands for three months, after which it would start its direct commercial use.
According to experts, the fact that Luxembourg retains the first orbital position, launching it on the satellite Astra-2G, and then together with SES creates the company to provide satellite communications services to NATO forces. Then the Astra-2G moved to another point. And it takes place purely military satellite.
By the way, the Ka-band used in satellite communications, radar, and X-range (it got its name due to the fact that during the Second world war was kept secret — "SP") — in deep space communication and satellite communication for military purposes.
Or British — Inmarsat-5F3. A telecommunications spacecraft, the fifth generation of the orbital means of the international satellite operator Inmarsat, made by the American company Boeing. And channels of communications satellites universal and technically can be used for both civilian and military agencies. By the way, American satellites DigitalGlobe orders, on the one hand, Google (to compile Google Maps) and the NGA, National geospatial-intelligence Agency, which is part of the Pentagon and whose Director is accountable and the Minister of defense, and the Director of the CIA.
The situation, of course, is twofold, — says the teacher of the Military University of the Ministry of defense, air force Colonel retired Vladimir Karyakin. — On the one hand, in the current geopolitical situation orbit let and civil satellite, but which will help ensure that NATO forces communication, it is impossible. Of course, to break any contract, no one will, though, let me remind you that we have a document on the "Mistral" was signed. However, the French, under pressure from the United States gave us the ships, citing "force majeure". But to run the unit in the interests of the military unit, which, in principle, is directed only against us, but still to launch from its territory, in General, wrong.
On the other hand, only thanks to the launches of foreign satellites in the 90's and "zero" our space industry was able to survive. If the Western countries are behaving incorrectly, violating all the agreements, it does not mean that we have to be like them.
Besides, for us the dialogue with the West is extremely important. For example, the Pentagon is still no alternative to Russian rocket engines RD-180 for Atlas carrier rockets V with which the Americans actually derive their cohesive and geostationary military satellites from the Baikonur Canaveral and Vandenberg base. And these devices are intended particularly for the early warning of missile attack.
At the time we from Plesetsk and Baikonur absolutely was openly launched a real spy satellites of Germany and the United States. In this sense, NATO satellites and a limited double action is acceptable as a minimum.
Another thing is that the West will somehow find a way to use these satellites to conduct reconnaissance of Russian sites. Abandoning the conclusion of the satellites countries that pursue anti-Russian policy, we will simply lose money, which we don't have much. Well, activities to disguise and mislead potential enemy has not been canceled.
As noted by researcher of the Center for analysis of strategies and technologies, chief editor of the magazine "arms Export" Andrey Frolov, on the Kourou cosmodrome (Guiana space centre) is the launcher for special modifications of rockets "Soyuz-ST-B", which from 2011 to 2016, seven times (two devices on each run — SP) were taken into space the satellites of the European Galileo system (Galileo) — the competitor of the Russian navigation system GLONASS.
— This fact, in General, does not bother anyone. These services provides the Federal space Agency (Rosoboronexport just the middleman here) in order to somehow support our space industry.
Moreover, part of the launches of Western satellites was carried out conversion boosters "Dnipro", made on the basis of removed from combat duty heavy ICBMs RS-20 (according to Western classification — SS-18 "Satan"). Conversion options "Satan" in addition to Baikonur, was launched in 2006 from the launching area Yasnenskaya missile division strategic missile forces.
For example, in 2013, the Dnepr, launched from the spaceport in a Clear, brought satellites into space, the US, Denmark, Japan, Poland and the United Arab Emirates. But the question is that these launches are still able to "warm up" our strategic missile forces. In addition, the associated load output our satellites and the satellites of the Russian production, but tailor-made for Egypt or Kazakhstan.
In General, the logic here is simple — if the unit is NATO not withdraw our missiles, they will still start other "carriers" in exchange for money.
In turn, the scientific Director of the space policy Institute Ivan Moiseyev notices that the Russian carrier has almost lost the market launches of foreign spacecraft and correct the situation will be extremely difficult.
— The number of launches of carrier rockets we were always ahead, so we were called "taxi" and "cab drivers". But in recent years we began to overtake USA and China.
In the Soviet years we were taken into space by foreign satellites. And in 1996 we managed to break through the "wall" (in the conclusion of these agreements I was involved) and be able to withdraw into orbit including heavy satellites.
"SP": — And what was "the wall"?
Since then all Western satellites had American stuffing, the US just said: if the apparatus has at least one transistor, the satellite can not be brought to the USSR (and later Russia). We answered them that still will not be able to consider this "stuffing". But they still refused. Was afraid of nothing, but simply took a principled stance: "Why help the enemy?".
But, as I said, in 1996 the situation has changed and Russia, having a fairly cheap and reliable rockets, in agreement with the USA (which basically ran "not their" satellites for scientific purposes) and France entered the market. And then managed to win its essential part. It was not until recently, have not yet begun the active work of the American private company SpaceX Elon musk, and China.
"SP": — It is connected with the Ukrainian crisis or simply met on time?
Just a coincidence. China is in the same situation as when the Soviet Union. That is, many countries have forbidden him to launch their satellites. But China is looking for orders in third countries and thereby strengthening the in the market.
By the way
At the end of June 2017 Rosoboronexport has said it is ready to supply NATO arms if "the decision of the President of Russia and the Western States got rid of unfair competition."
Tags: Russia , NATO , space