Military review. Developments in the field of defence and security in the media. Media monitoring during the week from 22 to 28 April 2019
Material posted: Publication date: 04-05-2019

Russia got "the submarine spy," is able in one fell swoop to destroy aircraft carrier group USA; "boomerang" can be armed with remotely controlled weapon 57 mm module "Dagger"; as expected, tests of a new generation of armored cars "Tiger"; more than 4 thousands of modern sets of equipment received troops TSB; Russia may take asymmetrical measures in response to the actions of NATO near the Russian borders; US military presence in Central and South America of up to 20 thousand soldiers and could increase to 40 thousand people. About these and other developments in the monitoring of the media during the week from 22 to 28 April 2019.

Nuclear submarine special purpose project 09852 "Belgorod", which is the first carrier apparatus "Poseidon", on Tuesday, April 23, was launched at Sevmash (Severodvinsk). For launching in a videoconference watched the President of Russia Vladimir Putin. At the same time because of secrecy project to photograph the submarine was forbidden.

What is known

Completion of the submarines will continue on the water. As previously reported by TASS source in the military-industrial complex, the testing of nuclear reactor and mooring trials of the submarine planned for this year. In 2020, noted the interlocutor of the Agency, will be running the factory and state tests of the submarine, and at the end of that year, "Belgorod" should be transferred to the Navy. According to another source TASS in the defense industry, the new submarine can carry on Board six strategic unmanned air vehicles.

Will be used in the Arctic

Nuclear submarine "Belgorod", which is an experimental unmanned carrier system "Poseidon" will be used, including, and in the Arctic. This was stated by the Chairman of the state Commission of acceptance of the "Belgorod" Vice-Admiral Alexey Burilichev.

"With the acceptance into service of this ship, the Russian Federation will increase its capacity to study the World's oceans, including in the Arctic," he said.

According to him, everything will be done to the "ship was qualitatively and tested in a timely manner".

A landmark event

Military analyst, captain 1st rank of reserve Basil Gindikin in a conversation with a FAN commented on the launch of the first carrier unmanned underwater vehicles "Poseidon" — nuclear submarines of a special purpose project 09852 "Belgorod".

"Belgorod" is already modified with the use of unmanned deep-sea submersibles "Poseidon" and in fact now is the longest single submarine in the world. Of course, this (launch approx.) a very significant event for the Russian Navy and for Russia itself, because "Poseidon" will change the face of the war at sea. This is our first boat head, followed by other similar ships. For our fleet, I think a lot of them are not necessary, enough for four: two in the Northern fleet and two on the Pacific," — said the expert.

The reaction of foreign media

Russia launched the "underwater giant", according to German magazine Stern.

We are talking about the world's largest submarine "Belgorod", which reaches a length of 184 m, said author Gernot of Cramper.

"Belgorod", however, is not just larger than other submarines, the journalist stresses Stern. This is submarine "superior class", which is designed for special underwater missions in complete secrecy — in other words, "to spy".

"Belgorod", continues Gernot of Cramper, it is primarily the sub-carrier that is able to take on Board a small submarine and underwater drones, as well as six new Russian "torpedoes doomsday".

It is they, says the author, "are of special concern."

"Torpedo "Poseidon" is a classic doomsday weapon. Each torpedo is equipped with a thermonuclear warhead with a capacity of two megatons. Underwater explosion of such weapons can in one fell swoop to completely destroy an entire aircraft carrier group of the United States. However, the most terrible consequences from its use, if the torpedo used against the civilian population. The explosion in the ocean near the Eastern coast of the United States will cause a mega-tsunami, a wave which will cover the entire coastal region," warns the journalist of the German edition.

Gernot of Kramer also focuses on the fact that thanks to the nuclear engine range "of Poseidon" is practically unlimited. Under water, the torpedo and all moves with a speed about 200 km/h.

"To make this possible, the Russians seem to have solved the problem of supercavitation for a relatively large body "of Poseidon". Supercavitation means that around the torpedo creates a protective envelope of air, thereby dramatically decreasing the friction between her body and the water. It would be the next step in creating a submarine that speed would be much superior to all currently known submarines and surface ships. And the power, which it succeeds will rule the underwater world," says the author.

USA-RUSSIA

U.S. Ambassador to Moscow John huntsman has threatened Russia deployed in the Mediterranean group of the American naval forces, led by two aircraft carriers — the USS Abraham Lincoln and USS John C. Stennis.

About it informs the press service of the 6th fleet of the U.S. Navy.

"Diplomatic relations and dialogue, combined with the powerful defense that these ships provide, demonstrate to Russia that if she really wants to improve relations with the United States, it must cease its destabilizing activities around the world", — quotes the press-service of the Huntsman.

It is noted that the grouping of the U.S. Navy consists of ten ships, 130 aircraft and 9 thousand sailors and Marines.

NATO-RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Russia may take asymmetrical measures in response to the actions of NATO near the Russian borders. This was stated by defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in Moscow security conference.

According to him, the desire to present Russia as the main threat to the West became the dominant policy of the Alliance, which is based upon the principle of "invented himself — believed it myself".

As said Shoigu, practical actions of the Alliance, whether the development of military infrastructure around Russia, or increased activity in the Black and Baltic seas, leading to tensions and require an adequate response.

"I can assure you that the response will be made promptly, and not necessarily symmetrical to the actions of NATO", — said the head of Department.

Moscow will have to react

Deputy Minister of defense of Russia Alexander Fomin said Moscow would have to respond to the promotion of NATO to the East.

He said that NATO moving East, closer to Russia's borders, and place additional troops and powerful weapons systems. Meanwhile, the defense Ministry added that the statements of NATO about the "Russian threat" is only to justify their aggressive actions against Russia.

NATO's reaction

NATO has responded to Russia's call to halt military activity near the Russian border to reduce tensions.

An authorized official of the limited reference to the section of the NATO website, "Five major myths debunked the Russian", where the Alliance argues about the deployment of forces near Russia's borders. "These old statements are treated there," said the interlocutor of RIA Novosti.

NATO believes that its presence in the Baltic region poses a threat, believing that he had taken "a defensive and proportionate steps in response to the changing environment in the field of security."

In 2016, NATO has deployed four multinational battle group through "enhanced forward presence" in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.

HOT SPOTS

Action in Syria

April 24. Sevrage in Syria continues to remain isolated territory, from which there can revive the terrorist organization "Islamic state". This was stated by Deputy head of the Main operations Directorate of the General staff, Lieutenant-General Stanislav Gadzhimagomedov. "Seurata remains an isolated territory, which creates the prerequisites for growth among the people living there separatist tendencies that threaten the territorial integrity of Syria and Iraq, as well as the revival of the international terrorist organization ISIS (the old name ISIS)," said Gadzhimagomedov.

April 25. The number of militant groups operating in the province of Idlib, up to 50 thousand people. It is reported by the General staff of the armed forces.

April 26. Delegations of the countries - guarantors of the Astana process (Russia, Iran and Turkey) held on April 25-26 in Kazakhstan's capital meeting. The consultation was joined by representatives of the office of the UN high Commissioner for refugees (UNHCR). The agenda of negotiations the return of refugees, the situation with the exchange of detainees and prisoners between the Syrian parties to the conflict.

April 26. The intelligence services of Turkey support the terrorist group "Hayat Tahrir al-sham" in Idlib. This was stated by the head of the Syrian government delegation at the talks in Nur-Sultan (Kazakhstan), Ambassador to the UN Bashar ja'afari.

"85% of the terrorists in Idlib is "Hayat Tahrir al-sham", they are supported by the Turkish intelligence services, he said. Is another form of terrorism." According to Jaafari, Ankara does not fulfill the agreement in Idlib, in particular at the demilitarized zone.

"In the North of Syria imposed the Turkish language are Turkish security forces. Turkey has no intentions to end terrorism in the North of Idlib," he said.

The envoy also accused the Turkish side in the supply of reactive systems to terrorists in Idlib.

April 27. The President of Russia Vladimir Putin believes that the Syrian opposition torpedoes work on creating a constitutional Committee in that country. This opinion he expressed at the press-conference on results of his visit to China.

"And he [Syrian President Bashar al-Assad], and we and our Iranian partners have done everything in order to find a compromise on high, - said Putin. - And if now who and torpedoing the establishment of a constitutional Committee, then this is the opposition that causes us regret."

A FOREIGN ARMY

The US military presence in Central and South America of up to 20 thousand troops and could increase to 40 thousand people. Such data are cited by the chief of the GRU of the General staff of the armed forces, Vice Admiral Igor Kostyukov.

"Despite the absence in Latin America of direct military threats to United States security, Washington maintains a significant military presence. The joint command of the Armed forces of the United States in the area of Central and South America expanded the group numbering up to 20 thousand soldiers. In a period of threat is scheduled to increase to 40 thousand people", - said kostjukov.

SCIENCE AND PRODUCTION

Russian combat platform "boomerang" in the pre-test exceeded the specifications laid down in the terms of reference of the Ministry of defense of Russia. About it RIA Novosti said the General Director of the company-developer of the "Military-industrial company" Alexander Krasovitsky.

According to him, the excess, in particular, relating to performance and overcoming obstacles. He also added that "boomerang" can be armed with remotely controlled weapon 57 mm module "Dagger".

Reference: state Tests new combat platform will start this year.

Testing of the new generation of Russian armored cars "Tiger" - "Tiger-Next" (previously known as the "Athlete") will begin in 2019, said Alexander Krasovitsky.

"Armored car "Tiger-Next" moving in accordance with the approved schedule. The test machine will start after the Forum "Army-2019". At first there will be preliminary tests. After the preliminary tests, completion of the sample according to their results, we can proceed to the state tests", - he explained.

Krasovitsky earlier told reporters that the new machine will have a high ballistic and mine protection in comparison with the "Tiger". In addition, the capacity of the machine will be increased to two tons.

For reference: Armored cars "Tiger" — a family of Russian multi-purpose vehicles. The machine is designed to transport people and various goods by road and off-road, and installation of various equipment. Depending on the modification of "Tiger" is capable of carrying six to ten people, including the driver, or 1.2 tons of cargo.

NAVY

In the town of Kaspiysk (Dagestan) completed construction of a new four-story training complex 137th special forces to combat underwater sabotage forces and means (PDSS) of the Caspian flotilla (CFL). About it reports a press-service of the southern military district.

The main feature of the complex is a unique pool designed for training of combat swimmers to perform the most complex tasks. It is being used for training, and by the end of may 2019, will begin to operate at full capacity. It is planned that in the coming months, the pool will host the qualifying stage of the international contest of diving skill of "Depth".

As stated to journalists by the commander of group of fighting swimmers KFL Lieutenant Daniel Luchin, this complex is the only Russian center of training of combat swimmers, which is equipped with underwater shooting. It allows servicemen to perfection to hone the shooting skills of the machine APS and SPP-1 pistol.

"Another unique feature of the complex is the size of the pool, where the practical lessons. Its length is 25 meters long and nine meters deep to six meters. Subsequently, there will be a special area to simulate air drop divers," said lucin.

Lieutenant commander noted that the complex is of great importance for training of the 137th of the unit, as the visibility in the Caspian sea due to contamination is very weak. This circumstance does not allow effective training in the natural environment.

Features of the complex allow you to simultaneously train up to 90 people.

Reference: Weapons of the special forces of KFL, in addition to the APS and SPP-1, includes various diving equipment (suits with breathing apparatus "amphora", universal equipment, VCA-5 and VCA-3 with the apparatus AVM-12K), individual tow divers "Neptune" and remotely operated underwater vehicle "Review-150".

ABOUT THE REARMAMENT OF THE ARMY

Military units and formations of the Eastern military district continue to develop modern types of military equipment "Warrior".

The troops of the district received more than 1.6 thousand of these kits.

Also, for service units received about 1.2 thousand special assault kits includes a flexible ballistic modules, bulletproof armored panels, shock absorbers, lateral and dorsal lower, ZIP, bag transport.

For drivers of vehicles received more than 1.2 thousand personal body armor of the "Warrior-3K" to protect the crew from exposure to open fire and accompanying high temperatures, the fragments formed the crew compartment in case of hit of a shell into a fighting machine, as well as to protect the elbow and knee joints from different kinds of mechanical damage.

In addition, special forces units and intelligence has received a large party, about a thousand units, Yarygin pistols.

ABOUT CONFERENCES

VIII Moscow conference on international security

VIII Moscow conference on international security organized by the Ministry of defense of Russia took place in Moscow on April 24-25.

The forum discussed the problems of global and regional stability, the restoration of Syria and Iraq, as well as various aspects of security in Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America.

In addition, were discussed the issues of missile defense, the weaponization of outer space, international peacekeeping, and new approaches to military cooperation.

For participation in the forum has arrived more than 1000 guests, including the Ministers of defense, chiefs of staff, delegations of military departments and representatives of the expert community of the 111 States of the world, as well as leaders of international organizations — CIS, CSTO, SCO, UN, OSCE, ICRC.

At the opening of the conference Secretary of the Russian security Council Nikolai Patrushev announced a greeting of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin to participants and guests of the forum. Presentations were made by the Ministers of defence and foreign Affairs General of the army Sergei Shoigu and Sergei Lavrov, Director of the foreign intelligence Service Sergei Naryshkin, who presented the position of the Russian Federation on key international security issues.

With a salutatory word on behalf of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Deputy head of the Organization on peacekeeping operations Jean-Pierre Lacroix.

On the "margins" of the conference, the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation General of the army Sergei Shoigu has held a number of bilateral meetings with his colleagues from foreign countries.

Reference: the Moscow conference on international security held annually since 2012 under the auspices of the Ministry of defense of Russia. The forum has consistently strengthened its role as an authoritative platform for discussing the most topical issues of international security and is traditionally of great interest both in Russia and abroad.

SIGNIFICANT DATES

28 April – the 16th anniversary of the CSTO United staff

16 years ago – April 28, 2003, in Dushanbe, the Council of the collective security Treaty Organization collective security guided by the need for the establishment of the military staff of the body responsible for the implementation of the tasks of the military component of the collective security Treaty, in accordance with article 13 of the Charter of the organization of Agreement on collective security adopted a decision on the establishment of a permanent working body of the CSTO Council of defense Ministers of the CSTO United headquarters of the CSTO.

At the joint headquarters, which is now headed by Colonel-General Anatoly Sidorov, assigned tasks associated with the formation, operation and use of Troops (Collective forces), preparing for and conducting jointly with the ministries of defence (General staff of the armed forces) of the member States of the Organization of joint activities of operational and combat training, military-technical cooperation, coordination of joint training of personnel and specialists for armed forces of member States, as well as with the functioning of the crisis response Centre of the CSTO.

The activities of the multinational staff of the joint staff closely connected with the history of formation and development of the collective security system of the CSTO. Organizational and coordinating role of the joint staff in the organization of the collective security Treaty was formed the Collective rapid reaction forces, Peacekeeping forces and Collective air force. Decisions on the establishment of a management system and procedure for the formation and training of appropriate commands. Developed and annually updated plans for the rapid deployment of the Collective rapid response forces and Collective rapid deployment forces of Central Asian region. Improved issues of peacekeeping activities within the CSTO. Work continues on the creation of joint military systems in the types of collateral.

Currently, in the framework of the joint training of personnel and specialists for the armed forces of member States ODKB on a grant or concessional terms trained more than 2,500 troops.

The joint staff is continuing purposeful work on further improvement of the forces and means of system of collective security. Annually, taking into account modern challenges and threats within the joint operational-strategic exercises "Combat brotherhood" are the strategic command and staff exercises, joint exercises with the Collective rapid reaction forces Collective peacekeeping forces and Collective air forces of the CSTO. Last year the number of attracted to the exercises (training) operational groups of military contingents and formations of special forces under the joint operational-strategic exercises "Combat brotherhood – 2018" was more than 11 500 people, military and special equipment of about 1,330 units, including aircraft and UAVs.

According to estimates of the military-political leadership of the States members of CSTO, the combination of these events helps to ensure the readiness of forces and means of system of collective security to perform the tasks.

Coherent and organized work of officers of the joint staff has allowed for all these years of successfully solving complex problems for the development of the CSTO military component.

THE ARMED FORCES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION FOR A WEEK

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Tags: assessment , Russia , Syria , armed forces