This article was published on the website "Yesterday", which in turn reprinted it from the blog group "For revival of education" the social network "Vkontakte". Here she was opublikovana 6 June and in two days got about two and a half thousand likes and more than paydot reviews. The author of this article, perhaps. is Konstantin Semin, the census her blog just an hour after posting in the group..
For us it is interesting because maybe new Sholokhov want to spend through the maze of the political games of the last quarter century of his new Gregory Melehova.
It is clear that we have learned about Sholokhov's novel only because in a country where every second person in the highest authority was a foreign agent of influence, Stalin suddenly turned the course of history in favor of the people. But let's even just imagine what might be today's epic work about the experience now our nation the greatest, incomparable tragedy.
The current state of education in Russia forces the authorities to erase the memory of our achievements in this area in the recent past. Social networking has become a field of information warfare, and numerous trolls (paid and voluntary) carefully discrediting Soviet system of education. One of the most well-worn "arguments" in this war consists in the following:
"You say that education in the USSR was the best in the world? Then why "the most educated and reading people" did nothing to save their country?"
The logic of this question lies in the famous formula: "in the garden — elder, and in Kiev — the uncle", but for many it seems to be meaningful. Therefore, dwell on it more, although clearly it will have to go beyond the education sector.
Victory in 1945 and the creation of nuclear-missile shield did the Soviet Union invulnerable to external enemies. Lost the threat factor from the outside, which objectively unite the government and the people. There are preconditions for the formation of a "new power", which became closely in the framework of the Communist ideology, because she wanted to live well "here and now". Of course, this desire is actively supported by "Western partners", but this is the second. The restructuring of 1985 the beginning of the political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist party, which formed a critical mass of crooks and older dogmatists. Under the restructuring we understand the change of social system, not demagogic content of this term at the time. The purpose of the realignment was to assign the national heritage of the country by a group of moderators of the process. Thus would be allowed to "dialectical contradiction" of late socialism in the USSR "elite" uncontrolled controlled everything, and to take and put in pocket she was impossible, did not allow ideology.
What power had the resources to carry out its purpose, and that it could be countered?
The whole "beyond" the social life of the country was controlled by the state security Committee (KGB). And it wasn't "bloody gebnya" and a very professional structure, even highly intelligent. In confirmation it is possible to read the memoirs of Leonid Borodin (autobiographical novel "No choice"). This staunch anti-Soviet (and thus a brilliant Russian writer), won two terms and served a total of 9 years, dealt with the authorities for three decades. He certainly does not embellish the reality in the assessment of the KGB and the description of the numerous contacts with the staff "office". And his main conclusion (hard-won personal experience) was to fight the power with this protective structure is meaningless. Everything is under control.
All the power of the state security Committee were focused on restructuring. KGB (not the CIA) played a key role in the activation of nationalist movements in the Union and Autonomous republics of the Soviet Union, the overthrow of Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, the collapse of the Warsaw Pact. The bodies had been registered all the activists that emerged in the pre-perestroika period, after which the work sat in the corners like mice. They were invited and said, "everything that was once impossible, now possible". And "process has gone".
Referred to Borodin says that after the release of the perestroika Amnesty him immediately helped to publish in leading literary magazines are the same guys that first put him behind bars (before this author of publications in the USSR was not at all). All former dissidents were in demand, they are actively involved in the work.
In addition, the KGB, the Gorbachev clique was subordinate and inclusive party structures, but due to the relative openness it couldn't be used for destruction so shamelessly as "the office", because the Communist ideology at the time was not yet abolished.
The collapse of the country was not the purpose of adjustment. It is a byproduct associated with methods of solving the main problem. However, the prospects of the coming collapse became visible pretty quickly. And here you can ask a question: why structure, which was supposed to be responsible for the security of the state, waged strictly the opposite work? Or its employees may not know what they were doing?
Basically understood. And it does not matter to him: the ideal force structure required to carry out any orders from above. Without any discussions and doubts. So it is necessary to ask the Chairman of the KGB Kryuchkov.
The fate of this party member since 1944, and even somewhat tragic. As you know, in August 1991, held a "coup," which at once brought down the country. Today it is obvious that was the purpose of this fake "rebellion". The organizer of the emergency Committee considered the Hooks, and there is no reason to doubt it.
The part of the people that were aware of the ongoing processes that met the first call of the emergency Committee with glee. But the euphoria quickly gave way to bewilderment, doubt, and finally, understanding that is a large-scale provocation. The main resource of propaganda — the Central TV channels — clock twisted "Swan lake". Was shown the press conference Yanayev (head of emergency Committee), whose hands were shaking. Grim pointless tanks in the streets of Moscow. And all of them raging at large, the leaders of the new democracy.
Memories of a witness: "19 August (the first day of the coup) to the end of the day went to the building of the regional branch of the KGB. At 18:00 out the door showered the officers of state security — to go home to rest. Understand — this is the end. And not only socialism (at that time already actually was not), but also the country. That evening hung out on the balcony of the national flag of the Soviet Union with a mourning ribbon."
No special missions in the days of the coup "authorities" did not receive, was "a regular job in a regular mode". Structure, directly subordinated to the organizer of the emergency Committee, which was supposed to go, huge donkey work, which is inconceivable without the success of the coup did nothing, "received orders". And Hooks ("little boy", with experience in the KGB in 24 years and a stunning track record) did not understand how it will end?
For him (along with fellow coup) ended in the prison. And not to say that Kryuchkov had been betrayed. Just someone had to appoint extreme.
But still: an intelligent man, a professional. Why would allow himself to use, violating the oath, duty, forgetting about honor?
Perhaps, there emerged the phenomenon of power of the late Soviet Union, the fear of being thrown out of the cage. In the eyes of the whole country twice was replaced by the secretaries of practically all the regional committees (the de facto leaders of regions and Autonomous republics). At the time of the emergency Committee competent personnel were gone. Only one Secretary of the regional Committee supported the "coup" in practice (and, of course, paid for it). Other in the days of the coup just didn't show up for work.
Guessed, or prompt?
In the future, all of them "employed". Directors of banks, etc.
Another bar in the same row. In all the years of perestroika, one of the highest echelons of power are not opposed outright (and obvious!) the dismantling of socialism. The two leaders antiparasitogenic forces known for: Nina Andreeva and Soot Umalatova. But it is not the members Poltbyuro, of the Central Government.
All members of the "ruling elite" were not able to go beyond the established framework. There was no one to give a hand to A. N. Yakovlev and his puppets headed by Gorbachev.
And what about our educated people, including the real rank and file Communists, veterans, raised the country from ruin?
The people in the mass, believed the authorities believed the party. Perestroika began as a carnival. Inventors from the Communist party drew people to the dance, which with the proliferation of all-Union dances became more and more questionable. But even then most didn't try and could not understand that the main Communist countries restored capitalism. People just didn't look in that direction, such a thought would have seemed wild and impossible. People were ready to repel the threat from the outside, and got hit in the back.
It is appropriate to draw an analogy with adultery. When in a prosperous family (parents and children) comes this plague, there is often not see it at close range, although all have been very obvious. There comes a time when the facts are screaming, and then begin to ask questions. Answer them, as if confirming a previous relationship. Although these responses are inconsistent with the facts, believe them.
"Not hard to cheat, since he is happy to be deceived".
Because what is happening is unthinkable, if you will — is incompatible with life. And people, rescuing yourself from the pain, ready to accept any soothing lies.
But everything is ending. And come dark days full awareness of betrayal. Of course, people can blame that to many, this realization came too late. But those who lived through the perestroika years in a state of understanding and struggle, in a series of continuous lesions, such accusations will not do. (As will be the envy of a huge part of the crowds that passed through the milestone years in the everyday bustle without the awareness of the disaster.)
Poet Julia Drunina — "one of those". Here is her last line:
Quit, no power.
Only from a distance
(All are baptized!)
For such as you,-
For the favorite
Hold on a cliff Rus.
But I am afraid that you are powerless.
Therefore choose death.
Fly downhill Russia,
Can't, don't want to see!
The "favorites" were actively engaged in explaining the ongoing processes. People listened to them. As a rule, with great interest. Of course, the ability of activists were not comparable with the power of the propaganda machine of the official media, in which the reformers possessed almost an absolute monopoly. But the result was. The people grew the understanding of what is happening and who is to blame.
But this was the main question: "what to do?" How to stop the machine of destruction?
Can't go back. But even now, from the present of the future, taking into account all the accumulated experience it can be said that the decisions, underneath this was not a problem. To stop the restructuring could only be a change of government, so it had to go about a revolution. But this was not the ideology, of the party leaders. All opposition movements were full of spies, who not only informed the "authorities," but in many cases was headed by these movements. And what could be a revolution if the "revolutionary transformation" was conducted by the government itself? ("The dream" writer Borodin and other anti-Soviet.) Besides, unhappy properly spread. In Union and Autonomous republics are to blame for all the ills of the announced Russian, a native of Russia — Jews. Confirmation was found and fabricated lots of "secret documents", the distribution of which (at first) was for the KGB.
To realize the hopelessness of the era, is to draw a parallel with the present day. Today is incomparably the most part of people do not believe government understands that the country "is not so". There is the Internet, the social network that everyone is given the opportunity to promote, unthinkable in the Soviet Union. The ruling oligarchy and not close those resources for total control and management of the company possessed by Gorbachev and his puppeteer Yakovlev. Talk about the need for revolution today is almost the main theme of Diwali. But someone puts this question in a practical way?
Alas. Somehow everyone understands that there is currently a full hopelessness...
So, in the perestroika years, the revolutionary opportunities were incomparably worse, just no chance.
So where is the national level of education?