The rybakkolkhozsoyuza the 75th anniversary of the great Victory
Material posted: Gornova Anna M.Publication date: 08-05-2020
Entire period of the war the whole system of fishing farms with its ramified network of motor-fishing stations, and floating leathanach crabronini factories, shipyards, which were built Seiners and trawlers, kitobazy and kitobazy, day and night worked to the front and rear. Each pool, the region keeps their Memory, their history, their character names.

From the first days of the war set the fishermen to increase catches to decide which was difficult because the front left tens of thousands of fishermen. In wartime, saw the construction of new enterprises. In 1943-1944 only in the far East was put into operation an additional 12 fish processing plant and 11 refrigerators, which allowed to increase production of canned food. Primorye has focused on the extraction flounder, herring, navaga, capelin, Pollock, sea calves. Fixed and zakidnogo nets was doubled, salmon fishing, organized kryuchkovo cod purse caught mackerel, trawl the rasp. Fall was successful fishing for perch, redfin, fish-swords. Just at this time, the skipper of the collective farm "the Seaman-the Fisher" Mikhail Sidelnikov was the first to use fyke nets for the night's herring fishing and the skipper Ivan Beloshenko they also began production of capelin. This allowed to significantly increase the catch of new facilities.


The fishing fleet was militarized. So, all vessels fishing collective farm "the Drummer" located in the village Minkino Armeiskogo coast steel vessels of the third division of the Kola base of the paramilitary fleet of Narkompros. The boats used for military transport. Marine carts sweep through the length and breadth Motovsky Bay were delivered to the Peninsula Rybachiy men, ammunition and food. Fisherman defended! Under fire of the enemy, between the floating mines to the front is extracted from the fish, the fishermen from the far East - Mikhail Zotov, Andrei Petrov, and many others. Most members of the crews of fishing vessels were female fisherwoman, among which the famous Anna Molodtsova, Elizaveta Ivanova, Antonina Vlasova. Fisherwomen are successfully engaged in administrative work. The Chairman of collective farm "Udarnik" was Elizabeth Kazarinov, Chairman of the collective farm. Third five-year plan – Alexandra Nemchinova, kolkhoz "North star" was headed by Antonina Lychkina.


Deputy Chairman of the Union of fishing kolkhozes of Russia

Peter Dzhunkovsky


"2020 is the year of memory and glory. In honor of the 75-ment of Victory in the great Patriotic war across the country held celebrations. The Russians will give your tribute to the fallen and thank the veterans and rear workers, which contributed to the Victory. Among them thousands of workers of the fishing industry, fishermen-farmers, who were fishing, and sent the products to the front and fed the population, saving millions of lives in the country from hunger. Converted fishing trawlers to warships. In the first months of the war went to the front every second worker of the fishing industry. More than half of them from the front not back. Virtually the entire fishing fleet moved into the Navy. The remaining trawlers, schooners and Kumasi continued fishing in Barents, Baltic seas, the Azov-black sea basin, the Caspian sea, the Volga and other waters of rivers and lakes, mostly at night. Soon the fighting in these basins has led to the cessation of fishing.


In the cities, towns and villages of the country expanded and organized new small-scale fisheries and farms that fed the fish the army and the rear. The people who do in peacetime, other professions, learn new fish specialty. In fishing artels, collective farms worked as children, women, the elderly who had to learn management skills rungasamy, to catch and process the fish, engage in repair and restoration of ships. In the collective farms and artels, together with a healthy workers labored with disabilities, helping to make fishing rods and nets.


For each basin the fishermen-farmers for its production figures have contributed to the turning point of the war, and earned money in the defense Fund. Where the money went to the construction of ships, planes and tanks. Since 1943 the Council of people's Commissars of the USSR issued a document stating that the issue of fishing nets is almost equal to the production of military products.


From 1941 to 1943 the fishermen of Murmansk, archangelical, Nenets Autonomous district produced more than 1,000 quintals of fish, meat of marine mammals, dozens of tons of canned fish and fish oil. In the Barents sea fish was recovered in December 1941. Fishing ships out in the night. Thanks to the selfless work, in January 1942, from Murmansk in the siege of Leningrad were shipped the first trainload of fish. But the team fishing vessels performed the functions of supply and driving up ammo, food, picked up the wounded. Often the fishermen entered into an unequal battle with the German ships. Fishermen-farmers participated in Feodosiyska-Kerch landing operation for the liberation of Crimea, in the defense of Sevastopol, the liberation of Novorossiysk landing operations of the Azov and Black seas. In 1942году Council of people's Commissars adopted a decree "On the development of fisheries in the basins of Siberia and the Far East." Since that time, the main emphasis to fish went fishing enterprises in these regions and was the rapid development of the whole industry. Organized new fishing collective farm. This is only part of the great exploits of fishermen –farmers, committed during the great Patriotic War."


The Chairman of the fishing collective farm. Lenin

Dmitry Halilulik


"- Our farm is located in the Khabarovsk territory. His Central manor is an ancient village of Okhotsk Bulgin. The organization is today a member of the Russian Association Rybakkolkhozsoyuza. Until 1960, the farm had another name - "Red October". In October 1937, Chairman of the kolkhoz "Red October" elect Ivan Yakovlevich Kurtukova. In this position, he worked for 15 years. As Chairman of the village Council was Ivan Andreevich Bolshakov. With the names of these two exceptional people, skilled, experienced organizers associated with many critical changes and events in the life of bulyntsev. The memory of them is cherished in Bulgine. Especially evident their talent and ability of the organizers and leaders during the war.


Terrible cruel the word "war" entered each house of farmers "red October" 22 June 1941. Bohince went into the army and to the front. From a big family Kabakovich left four: Alexander, Grigory, Vladimir, Eugene, family Bolshakova: Alexei, Dmitry and Nicholas. Left experienced fishermen - Andrew Svetashev, George Chernykh, Ilya Serdyukov Alexey Tomilin and others.


The slogan - "Everything for front, everything for victory" became the main throughout the farm. In the first months almost all men - the fishermen were drafted into the army. The place the departed held the mothers, wives and sometimes children. The country demanded the fish, and it had to catch increasingly. Began training of the fishing labour women's "front-line" teams. Heavy bags with sea pebbles "on anchors", available only to two healthy men, the women had dragged the four of us, five of us. Prewar uniforms and especially rubber boots, soon came into complete disrepair, and almost anyone who was in shoes. Constantly wet, issina-black from hypothermia, to the blood biting lips, women collective farmers dostoyano made its contribution to the common victory over the enemy. From 1941 to 1945, the story became a working fishing teams, G. E., Black, V. M. Miliutin, F. S. Veselovsky, A. G. Zykov, R. K. Latyshev. Fishing crews, Veselovsky V. A. Latysheva, R. P., and fished women: Goncharov, G. G., Sukhorukov, E. E., Bolshakov L. A., Listov E. D., Milutin M., Papatsenko P. Y., Serdyukov, S. P., T. I. sabinina, Svetashev M. N. and others. The fish was handed over the piece, bringing it on the oars to the place of delivery. Female fisherwomen not only not inferior to the fishermen - men, but was ahead on catches. Plans for the fish farmers were carried out and exceeded. The plan in 1942 by herring Putin was made on of 158.6 %. In the winter, sewed cotton jackets, trousers, mittens to front, knit gloves made out of dog fur. In 1943, the farm has received the 3rd all-Union prize NCRP - 32 thousand rubles for these funds, assistance was provided to families of veterans. The family of a soldier Zhidkova built a house. In 1944 diplomas NCC was awarded the farmers Bystrov and Latyshev.


With WWII came the Fedor Zhidkov, Philip Badyuk, Georgy Panasenko, Gabriel Karjakin. Many years later, bulgine mounted in the center of the village a modest monument to the fallen villager".


The continuity of generations


At the farm. Lenin working fishermen, the children and grandchildren of our heroes of the war years, which provided the country with a Great Victory.


Family Shoshanah. Shoshin Alexander Fedorovich - the foreman of the fishing crew; Shoshina Valentina Pavlovna – storekeeper; their children: son - Shoshin Evgeny - seasonal - fisherman, son Fyodor, long time worked as a fisherman, is currently working in Khabarovsk. Father Valentina Pavlovna: Shamaev, Pavel Trofimovich - worked as a fisherman. Brother Shamayev Ivan Pavlovich after College, worked as a tractor driver, then head of the automotive garage section. Sister Black's Tatiana Pavlovna works in seebaseline setpositiony workshop. Big sister August p. worked on the basis of "gold", then as a Secretary in a fishing kolkhoz. Granny Kurtukova Seraphim Trofimovna worked since the founding of the farm, and during the war. The whole family Valentina Pavlovna were involved in the harvesting of hay, and fields since the 5th grade.


Family Latyshevich. Latyshev Rodion Pavlovich, the father of 12 children, worked as a foreman of the female fishing brigades during the great Patriotic War, after the war he worked on the farm accountant. Son, Latyshev, Vladimir Rodionovich working on the farm as a mechanic and technological equipment 5-th digit. Grandson Latyshev Oleg I., working on the farm fisherman of coastal fishing. Grandson Latyshev Rodion Viktorovich, works in farm accountant of 2nd category.


Family Milutina. Milutin Vasily Makarovich, father of 6 children for many years was the head of the fishing brigade, along with other farmers built Kumasi mastered the coastal herring fishery. During the great Patriotic War he continued to work as a foreman of a fishing brigade. Wife of Vasiliy Makarovich - Antonina Yakovlevna also almost gave my life to the farm. And network bound, and fish helped, and was engaged in agriculture. And children parents. Son Milutin Mikhail Vasilyevich, works on the farm to this day the foreman of the fishing crew. Grandson Milutin Vasily Nikolaevich for a long time I worked on the farm foreman of a fishing brigade.


Family Svetysik. Svetashev Andrei Yakovlevich, the father of 5 children - in 1941 he was drafted to the front, returned from the front in 1946, after the war he worked on the farm Forester. Daughter-Kayumov Tatiana, working on the farm and is currently working on processing and cleaning fish. Grandson Mazitov Alexey Narimanovich, working on the farm mechanic on repair of diesel and gasoline engines.


Tags: fishery