About how to live today, the small fisheries in the regions, what support they need and the support measures for small and medium enterprises that have already been taken by the Government, commented parliamentarians and experts.
Deputy Chairman of the Committee on transport and construction of the state Duma Pavel Fedyaev:
"Spring this year for many has become a test. First fisheries management organizations did not slow the pace, but today the problems have already accumulated. Quarantine measures are the limiting factor in the operation of plants even in regions and for the outlying territories of our country, where the epidemic in comparison with Central Russia at the time of spring we had. However, security measures rests on the shoulders of employers and has made adjustments to the work. The agricultural sector, including fishing enterprises is mainly perishable products, for which the conditions of delivery and storage is crucial. All the usual control of the production, delivery and storage of products in the "manual mode" is now very difficult. Businesses began to think about digital remote instruments such control. Has also been a trend to dispersal density of workers and industries. Gradually the production of the cities will go into rural areas, where the need to develop infrastructure. In society there is a demand for small businesses SMEs as producers of environmentally friendly products".
The Chairman Of Rosrybolovstva Andrey Anufriev:
"Measures to control the epidemic and lay down on employers who urgently had to purchase in sufficient quantities and at inflated prices personal protective equipment, because the first epidemic of personal protective equipment was not enough. Purchased disinfectants, established periodic sanitation of the production areas and offices. These activities resulted in additional expenses of organizations. Legislation regarding emergencies of the day, we had no laws are adopted during the development of the situation, respectively, and worked through law enforcement is also on the move. Sanitary-epidemiological feature and control for all emergency situations – it still refers to the function of the state. If it is to transfer small and medium businesses, it is necessary as-that to compensate. For large business went by compiling a List of systemically important enterprises, which is established by the Government, and which may be changed or supplemented. There came of the enterprise is the largest taxpayer in regional budgets, the annual revenues of which starts from 10 billion and above, and the number of employees is about 1.5 thousand, and even larger with annual revenue of more than 20 billion. These businesses may rely if necessary on various measures of state support in the form of subsidies, preferential loans at a low rate, installment payments various up to dismissal from them and other things. The government has identified support measures for small and medium businesses, and how these support measures will affect small and medium enterprises in the fisheries sector is not yet clear, although this support need as well as big business. Because of the small amounts of working capital than large, and because they too are people, with their families, communities.
Today the members of Rosrybolovstva implementing investment projects – update the fleet, invest in fish processing. Investment projects are today in many organizations, they won't stop. They will also need help from the state. And support measures need to be taken today".
Coordinator of the project "Marine policy" Center for strategic estimates and projections Anna Gornova:
"In agriculture we have since Soviet times, has preserved a unique organization – Rosrybhoza. Today the Union unites 55 fishing collective farms (cooperatives), fishing enterprises with other forms of fishery management of small and medium enterprises, the total production volume is more than 200 thousand tons of water bioresources. The member organizations of the Union live on the CPC, as the agricultural production cooperatives and work according to the law on agricultural cooperation, and not the law on joint-stock companies. System Rosrybolovstva have proven their reliability and effectiveness time. This is the real "historical principle". Fishing farms have successfully passed the Great Patriotic war, and today in them are children and grandchildren of that war generation, which we are all proud of. Here not such large organizations as those that were in the List of backbone, but a number of branches of the Union located on the outskirts of the Northern and far Eastern territories, organizations are Grado - industry town and village, to contain the social infrastructure in the outlying settlements, providing employment to these areas. Moreover, the system of agricultural cooperation is an environmentally friendly production in Russia, ecologically clean production. Ie I have called at least three priorities-geopolitical, social and environmental. For the system of small and medium enterprises should also be the support tools if necessary. Here you can follow the path of the criterion of single - industry town and village enterprises, as well as providing streamlined compensation and incentive grants for such organizations. In late April, the Union asked the Ministry of agriculture as well as in the Duma Commission on questions of support of small and medium enterprises with a request to provide the possibility of supporting small businesses in this difficult period for all".
Member of the state Duma Committee on support of small and average business, the head of the Working group on transport Victor Deryabkin:
"On 30 April we held a meeting of the Commission on support for SMEs. On the eve of the heads of the working groups analyzed and summarized the information received from the SMEs suggestions, the final list was submitted to the Government. Fishermen also have been proposals, in particular from Rosrybolovstva. Among the list of support measures concerning marine fuels there are named:
- A moratorium on the raising cost of fuel as a way to support the transport industry;
The actual costs for fuel and lubricants other expenses for current activity and wages in full (the level of March 2020) with the taxes for it.
Enterprises are requested to recognize the current situation in the economy of force majeure from 1 March 2020, to provide in a declarative manner:
- Subsidy of part of expenses on the maintenance of real estate objects;
- Incentives on housing services for the period of quarantine measures not to disconnect in case of failure.
- Subsidies for utilities payments to companies for the next 9 months;
Among other measures of support were requested: special reduced tariffs and regulations on electricity supply, water supply, sanitation, removal and disposal of solid waste. The ban on disconnection from the network, as a measure of influence on the debtor, as well as a moratorium on growth of tariffs of natural monopolies. The moratorium and the postponement of the correction of violations for a period after quarantine in the case of imposing penalties by regulatory authorities in relation to transport infrastructure operators for the violation of fulfillment of requirements of norms of the Law No. 270-FZ until 31.12.2020 year. The government is preparing a National plan of action for economic recovery aimed at long-term structural changes to take into account the new situation in the world. This document will integrated offers industry communities.
I want to note that at the moment there is already a Government mandated set of support measures for the affected sectors, in which organisations of SMEs reduced insurance premiums, postponed deadlines for reporting on taxes and contributions, to the end of the year canceled a scheduled inspection, a year extended the validity of the permits, licenses, write off of penalty under government contracts, deferred and reduced taxes and contributions. There are a number of measures to preserve employment, including financial aid from the budget. It is possible to obtain two grants based 12 130 RUB. per employee. The application for the grant can also opt for sole proprietors without employees. The application for a first grant must be submitted before 1 June. For salaries, you can apply for a soft loan for a period of not more than a year. The amount is calculated based on the minimum wage (taking into account factors, allowances and contributions), and depends on the number of employees. Rate first 6 months is 0%, then 3.5-4%. Deferred by Law about credit vacation. The Bank is obliged to defer on demand for up to 6 months. The grace period the borrower defines himself. During deferment the interest is charged at the normal rate, and then are included in the body of the loan.
There is a possibility of grace period on loans under the state program. The terms are more favourable, but funding for the program is limited, and it involved not all the banks. During the grace period (6 months) is only 0.33 from the "normal" percent of the contract. They can be pay in the grace period and after, in installments until the end of the term of the contract. You can defer payments for the lease of real estate. The landlord must grant a postponement for 30 days after the request of the tenant. For the period of high alert or emergency respite full, then and until October 1 to 50%. For tenants of public property, there are additional measures of support. The situation is very lively, constantly monitor, are busy working with industry groups and the government, in the course of making the necessary adjustments and additions."