OODA cycle: four stages for making effective decisions in critical situations
Material posted: Publication date: 30-04-2021
This process involves collecting the necessary information, recognizing possible distortions, making decisions and taking actions, and then repeating the process with the appearance of new information. Let's tell you how to use the OODA loop.

Four parts of the OODA cycle

The first step is to observe the situation in order to build as accurate and complete a picture as possible.

For example, a fighter pilot can broadly and flexibly consider the following factors:

Before Charlie Munger popularized the concept of creating a set of tools from mental models, Boyd advocated a similar approach for pilots to help them better understand the orientation stage within the OODA cycle. He recommended a process of" deductive destruction": pay attention to your own assumptions and distortions, and then find fundamental mental models to replace them.

Similar to using a decision log, deductive destruction ensures that you will always learn from past mistakes and not repeat them. In one of his talks, Boyd used a brilliant metaphor to construct a grid of mental models. He compared it to the device of a snowmobile-a vehicle consisting of elements of several different devices, such as tank tracks, skis, an outboard motor of a boat and a bicycle handlebar.

Individually, each of these items is not enough to move around, but together they create a functional vehicle. As Boyd put it:

4. Act

Let your plans remain in darkness, impenetrable as the night, so that when you move your forces, they will fall like lightning.

Sun Tzu

Translation of an article from the blog Farnam Street: The OODA Loop: How Fighter Pilots Make Fast and Accurate Decisions.

Tags: analytical work