As it became known "Ъ", on September, 15th the interdepartmental commission of Security council of the Russian Federation on safety in economic and social sphere in the closed mode will hear the report of the adviser of president Sergey Glazyev on a question "Of additional measures on neutralisation of threats of economic safety of the Russian Federation in the conditions of the international sanctions". The commission presented by assistants of ministers and heads of profile state structures, since February, 2009 is division of the Security Council preparing the offers for this consultative body under Vladimir Putin's decree. With the report project "Competitive potential of Russia and a way of its realisation for maintenance of the national
For today the text - the most complete program report of supporters "modernizatsionnogo jerk" mobilisation type from the circles close to Branch of social studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The document problem - to present "in addition to accepted by the government" to measures on maintenance of 5 percent growth of gross national product the program of actions of the power on increase in long-term competitiveness of economy of the Russian Federation. However, real problems to solve which Sergey Glazyev, offers much more widely. It is growth of industrial release on 30-35 %, increase within the limits of transition to "economy of knowledge" shares in gross national product of expenses for education, public health services and sotspolitiku from 6,5 % to nearby 40 % (figure under the primary source), escalating "norms of accumulation (total accumulation in VVP. -"Ъ ")" to 35-45 %. The program, Sergey Glazyev warns, it is necessary to realise within next five years, that is till 2020. Only so it is possible to avoid "stagfljatsionnoj a trap", threats of "economic safety" and "external control over a management infrastructure", to avoid a fate of the world "periphery" oppressed with "a nonequivalent exchange", - and to enter in new "a kernel of world economic system" contrary to will of the countries of present "kernel".
Work continues the XX-th centuries of work of the academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences developing in 80-90 years Dmitry Lvova (has died in 2007) in frameworks neoshumpeterianskoj theories "changes of technological ways", outside of scientific circles of the USSR of development not having. Work of mister Glazyev contains a number of original additions in social democratic spirit. So, referring to nobeliatov 2009 Elinor Ostrem and Olivera Uiljamsona (works on management of the collective rights) is offered to stimulate creation in the Russian Federation of "the national enterprises" (to 10 % from total number in economy) and the organisations in other sectors "councils of workers, scientifically-engineering councils, boards of governors" along with proprietors. It makes related the project with workings out "accelerations of scientifically-technological progress of the USSR" in 80.
Bolshy interest is represented by Sergey Glazyev's focused on connected with sanctions against the Russian Federation a current political conjuncture the offers. Having passed on "chain" of Security council of the Russian Federation, separate initiatives (as it happened earlier with themes of information and food safety) can become a subject of commissions of the president - in spite of the fact that the general logic of mister Glazyev with ideology of the government of Dmitry Medvedev and a management of Bank of Russia are incompatible.
Sergey Glazyev's ideas are broken into six blocks. The first - "Transition to a sovereign monetary and credit policy" (DKP). These ideas assume an open manipulation ("system management") DKP on all parametres - from rates to a currency position of bank system.
So, the program assumes Central Bank refinancing under the rate of "target" credits of the industry of 2 % on one-five years not less than on 3 trln rbl. (the final rate for the companies - 4 %), credits under 1 % annual to development institutes - on not less than 2 trln rbl., Central Bank refinancing through veb the companies and banks - on 5 trln rbl. and under the state program importozameshchenija - on not less 3 trln rbl.
As a whole the issue program under offers makes 20 trln rbl. on a five-years period. Thus Sergey Glazyev puts forward unusual enough idea of support of private companies: their state support is carried out at "counter obligations to the state on production (or to rendering of services) in certain volume in certain terms at determined prices". Otherwise the debt to the state is assigned to private companies "at a rate of cost of not made production" (the further destiny of this debt is not discussed by the report).
Section "rouble Exchange stabilisation, the termination of a flight of capital, dedollarizatsija economy" contains a set of measures on "a stop of a speculative whirlwind" in the currency market. De facto this offer of rigid currency control ("an interdiction for currency purchase by legal bodies without the bases of fulfilment of payment operations") with a number of innovations. So, the temporary tax (reservation of means) "on konvertatsionnye operations and transboundary payments is supposed". Mister Glazyev also offers not only "introduction of obligatory sale of a currency gain", but also "legislative prohibition of loans of not financial organisations" in currency basically. One more idea - "introduction of control over transboundary operations of capital character by means of open licensing", and also the requirement of "the given reason substantiation" export of the capital from a position of its "advantage" for economy of the Russian Federation.
The section "Price stabilisation" (it is obvious, necessary after realisation of two previous) demands first of all "time price freezing on the goods of a daily consumer demand"; establishments limiting "a margin of trading system" 25 % between "by the manufacturer" and retail price; the rights for FAS at price fluctuation "sharply to return it on former level" (it is visible, ministerial orders). Mister Glazyev also suggests to refuse annual indexation of tariffs of state monopolies from them "intermediate term fixing". "Electric power industry rationalisation" with "elimination of negative consequences of reforming of the Russian Open Society"United Power Systems"" goes separate subsection. In this block not so much expected offers on recoil of reforms in branch (return of powers of Ministry for the Power Generating Industry, merge of the commercial and technological operator of system, "complex schemes" housing and communal services and power developments in regions), but also "profitability rationing in economy sectors", supplying infrastructural state monopolies are interesting.
These ideas attack generally building groups and management of "Gazprom", "Transneft", the Russian Railway, "Rossetej". But there are also offers which will interest all largest companies of the Russian Federation. This "restoration" of export duties on metals and chemical production and "the termination of return of the VAT on export of hydrocarbons", no less than other raw materials - for "stimulation of its deep processing".
"Neutralisation of the Antirussian sanctions" - the following section of offers to declare interesting first of all by idea of the permission to the companies force-majeur on "to the relation to the credits given by the countries which have entered financial sanctions against the Russian Federation" - in practice it approximately equally legalisations of refusal of repayment of all private external debt. Sergey Glazyev recommends to convert Central Bank reserves, Reserve fund and Fund of national well-being in gold and "obligations of the countries BRIKS" with which it is necessary to create "the system of the international bank calculations independent of pressure of the countries of the NATO and replacing (supplementing) SWIFT" and "a payment system on bank cards", compatible with Chinese UnionPay. New idea on deofshorizatsii - cancellation of agreements on double taxation with Cyprus and Luxembourg, the 30 percent tax "on all operations" with offshore jurisdictions "not co-operating" with the Russian Federation.
At last, a number of "strategic" and "socially significant" enterprises Sergey Glazyev recommends "not to suppose" transition in hands of foreigners basically: at their bankruptcy (which in some cases at the applied policy the adviser of the president looks very probable) on their base and suggests to organise above described "the national enterprises". The block of initiatives on "Harmonization of interests of subjects of economic activities" opens this theme hardly more full referring to "positive experience", saved up in this sphere in the Lipetsk region.
Head "Expansion of system of strategic management" crowns this harmonous system of interdictions and stimulus. This creation of the State committee on strategic planning at the president of the Russian Federation (GKSP) with "coordination" submission to it of the government de facto and the State committee on scientific and technical development of the Russian Federation (GKNTR) - also at the head of the state, but already in the White house. Two last structures repeat design of state bodies of Iran created after 1994 for attempt of overcoming of sanctions of the USA and EU. In this case, obviously, pure coincidence takes place.
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