Predictions on artificial intelligence in 2019-2024 year
AI will spawn new non-human results in pattern recognition and intelligence.
AlphaGo Zero, a computer program of machine-learning trained to play a complex game of go, won the world champion in 2016 with the score 100:0. But instead of learning from people AlphaGo Zero is trained by playing against itself, — this method known as reinforcement learning.
Creating their own knowledge from scratch, AlphaGo Zero demonstrates a new form of creativity, free from prejudice person. More importantly, this type of pattern recognition and image allows machines to accumulate thousands of years of knowledge in a matter of hours.
Although such systems are not yet able to answer the question "What is orange juice?" or compete with the intelligence of even a fifth-grader, they are becoming more and more complex strategically, merging with other forms of narrow artificial intelligence. Over the next five years, and who knows what AlphaGo Zero will appear successors, developing a business receptions and functions, and everyday life.
Doctors risk position, without using machine learning to diagnosis and treatment planning.
Not so long ago a group of Chinese and American researchers have created an AI system that will diagnose common childhood illnesses, from influenza to meningitis. Trained on electronic medical records collected from 1.3 million outpatient visits and 600,000 patients, the program AI learned how to diagnose disease with unprecedented precision.
Although the American health care system does not have the same level of affordable universal health data, as some of the Chinese system, they are both making progress in the field of medical AI. Dr. Kang Zhang, Director of the center ophthalmic genetics at the University of California San Diego, created its own system, which identifies the signs of diabetic blindness, based on the text and medical images.
Jacobstein predicts that in future "we will see a tipping point when doctors feel that use machine learning and AI in their daily practice is risky because you may miss important diagnostic signal."
Quantum breakthrough will significantly accelerate the search and testing of drugs.
Scientists estimate that there are 1060 possible drug molecules more than atoms in our Solar system. But today, scientists are able to predict the composition of medicines, starting from the properties of the molecular structure, and then to synthesize a variety of options for hypothesis testing.
Quantum computing can transform this time-consuming and expensive process in an effective, not to mention the possibility of breakthrough discovery Protocol drugs.
"Quantum computing will have a large industrial impact," says Jacobstein, "but not at the expense of breaking the encryption, and by intervening in the design of drugs using massively parallel processes that involve the superposition, quantum interference, entanglement. They significantly outperform classical computing."
AI dispersed as a vulnerability and security security systems.
As you enable AI in almost every aspect of our lives, cyber-attacks are becoming more threatening. "Deep attack" (Deep Attacks) can use the AI of the content in order to avoid control by the human and AI.
Recent example — a fake video of former U.S. President Barack Obama, in which he says fake offers, and artificial intelligence, which deceives another algorithm "replacing" STOP sign speed limit sign of 60 km/h Without proper protection systems, AI can be manipulated to perform any number of disruptive challenges, whether it is the destruction of reputation or misrepresentation of Autonomous vehicles.
The opinion of Jacobstein: "we all Have security systems in buildings, in our homes, in the healthcare system, air traffic control, financial institutions, military and intelligence communities. But we all know that these systems are periodically hacked and will see it more often. Thus, the business, and you have the opportunity to think about it now and to attend to safety before it's too late."
Design AI systems provide a breakthrough in atomically precise manufacturing.
Just as the modern computer has changed our relationship with bits and information, the AI will review and revolutionairy our relationship with molecules and materials. Currently, AI is used to search for new materials in the field of clean technologies: solar panels, batteries, and devices for artificial photosynthesis.
According to industry experts, today, to create a single new material it takes from 15 to 20 years. But because of the system design AI rapidly gaining power, this will speed up the process of locating materials that will allow us to solve urgent problems — like climate change — with record speed.
Atomically precise manufacturing will allow us to produce previously unimaginable.
How artificial intelligence will be in five years?
In just the past three years, countries across the globe signed the national strategy for AI, and has developed plans to build innovation. The business is also actively interested in the scene, hiring engineers, and technical consultants to use the so-called "electricity of the 21st century" as it was called by Andrew ng.
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