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A breakthrough in artificial intelligence ... or a false start?
Material posted: Publication date: 26-03-2019
Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the Government of the Russian Federation until June 15, 2019 to develop a national strategy in the field of artificial intelligence. This paragraph contains the list of the President's instructions following the address to the Federal Assembly (this was the order of the President dated 30 January this year to develop approaches for a national strategy).

For Putin, the problem of artificial intelligence in recent times is always the priority. Suffice it to recall it became a catch phrase: "He who will become the leader in this field, will be master of the world".

And so it considers not only the Russian President. In 2017 – 2018, the city of their strategies in the field of artificial intelligence took Canada, China, Denmark, EU Commission, Finland, France, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Nordic – Baltic region, Singapore, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan, UAE And the UK. In February 2019 U.S. President J. trump spoke with the American initiative for development of artificial intelligence, which has acquired the force of law.

Last year was published a number of international reports on the situation in this region. According to them, the leaders are the United States, which currently employs more than 2,000 companies in the field of artificial intelligence, which controls about 40-45% of the global market. Followed by China, where artificial intelligence are more than 1000 companies, which account for over 20% of the world market. Moreover, in the past five years, Chinese annually increase its share on the average on 2-3%. Then with a large margin, followed by UK, Canada and India. The six leading causes of Israel. The other four places have in Western European countries EU.

In 2018, an international research "Index of readiness to automation", according to which evaluated the readiness of governments in 25 countries for the coming wave of automation. First place in the rating was occupied by South Korea, followed by Germany and Singapore. Russia in this ranking only 16th place.
The absence of Russia among the leading countries in the field of artificial intelligence is not surprising. According to the Agency TAdviser and "infosistemy Dzhet", 2007-2018 government and private sectors in Russia on artificial intelligence spent a little more than 25 billion rubles, which given the exchange rate at the time expenses are less than $ 1 billion. According to government estimates in 2020 it is necessary to ensure the costs of artificial intelligence at the level of 0.3-0.4 billion dollars a year. Much is a little? According to the world Bank, in 2018, the United States spent on artificial intelligence and advanced cognitive system is somewhat more than 10 billion dollars, and China – at least 5-6 billion dollars. Significantly higher than projected for the year 2020 the Russian level the costs of artificial intelligence in the UK, India, Canada, Israel and the European program. It should be added that in addition to these countries, there is still one state, the shadow leader in the field of artificial intelligence – Japan, where the main directions of works and expenditure are not published.

The above statistics clearly shows that the status of artificial intelligence in Russia is far from satisfactory. In a sense, based on the resources allocated for artificial intelligence, the situation can be considered threatening to national security, economic development and socio-political stability.

Since artificial intelligence is becoming an essential component not only of the industrial revolution, but also national power and global influence, this topic attracts the attention of intelligence agencies. In the autumn of last year in the United States held a series of conferences organized by leading think tanks affiliated with the military-industrial complex and the intelligence community on this issue. Despite the diversity of views expressed in those meetings, has gradually crystallized into a single point of view. The main threat to American hegemony in the field of artificial intelligence is China. Russia, in contrast to the traditional strategic and tactical military power, is not considered to be a serious player in this field. This conclusion was substantiated by not only the national expenditures on artificial intelligence, quantity and quality of the country's patents, a share in the global market, and the migration of highly skilled programmers, developers of artificial intelligence. First of all, analyzed the national potential of the triad that constitutes the capacity of the national artificial intelligence.

In the strategic triad of artificial intelligence include:

First produced in the country on their own hardware, telecommunication software artificial intelligence.

Second, the software equipment of artificial intelligence, primarily packages of neural networks, machine learning, various statistical software, analysis of unstructured information, translation interface, human-computer, etc.

Thirdly, big data, which actually are "not just new oil but also food for artificial intelligence".

The United States, China and Japan may have all three components of the triad of artificial intelligence. As for Russia, according to analysts on both sides of the Atlantic, having unlike many others, including European countries is unique, not available to other agents, constantly updated archives of big data, our country is inferior to the other two components of the triad, hard and soft. As for the software, according to American, Israeli, Chinese estimates, the Russian mathematicians, developers, programmers, at least not inferior to the representatives of other countries-leaders. However, since about 2012, there is a powerful leak of the most qualified personnel not only in the United States, but in recent years, in Western Europe, in South Korea and partly in Hong Kong, Singapore etc. Also Russia, and this is evidenced by the official international data, does not have a Park of its own hardware, allowing you to create a powerful specialized artificial intelligence.

Due to the above reasons, not only American, British and Asian experts recently wrote off Russia from the participants of the race for artificial intelligence, relegating her to the role of the donor in many ways frames. It's hard to argue with the fact that these findings have some Foundation and are supported by statistical data. However, according to the authors, the situation, although difficult, but not hopeless. Paradoxically, Russia's favor fundamental underlying factors that determine the global dynamics.

Due to many circumstances on the world's leading forums and even on the narrow conferences of think tanks talking about these factors is not. The reason is simple. In Russian literature it is described by the famous phrase: "In the house of the hanged man do not talk about rope".

Negative convergence as the main direction of global dynamics

30 years ago three events took place, the key to the future of mankind. Ceased to exist, the socialist system and the unit focused on it in developing countries. Then came the biggest geostrategic catastrophe of the XX century – the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Simultaneously, China has seen a sharp aggravation of the socio-economic situation and political struggle, and there was the shooting of demonstrators, mostly from among the young people in Tiananmen square. This event resulted in the almost complete gap it had with the 70-ies of the last century, U.S.-China relations, including the introduction of the embargo on the us investment in China, the sale of weapons and other high-tech products.

In the context of volatile energy prices and the desire to provide full control in one of the most strategically important areas of the world the American and British intelligence first provoked the invasion of Saddam Hussein in Kuwait, and then carried out a military operation "desert Storm", plunging the region into 30 years of war, destruction, and tension.

Three critical political and strategic developments have dramatically changed the balance inside the world of the elites and launched three major processes today determining the global dynamics.

First, the termination of the socio-economic, scientific-technological and military-strategic competition between the two systems, among other things, dramatically changed the classifications within the Western elite and contributed to the decisive victory of Finance capital over industrial. Started financialization, which for the past 30 years, increasingly expanding the scale and completely distorts the global economy, turning it into a service system of fictitious capital. Central banks in the interests of elite groups are actually uncontrollably emit all new and new volumes of reserve currencies.

If capitalism, in the end, it is a regime, aimed at obtaining surplus-value, accumulation of the capitalization, financialism is a parasitic system in which profit is not the result of reproduction and printing of money and distribution to close banks, investment structures, etc. it is Known that during the period from 2008, the global money supply increased by about 40 trillion.dollars. A significant portion of them received not of the household, a real business or even the government and financial sector for an unlimited period of time at a symbolic cent from 0.5% to 1% per year.

Second, the collapse of the Soviet Union has delivered a significant part of American, British, European elites from pursuing them throughout the second half of the twentieth century a nightmare of forming a single anti-capitalist coalition within the Soviet Union, China and India. Simultaneously with the collapse of the Soviet Union through the Hong Kong and Singapore in China, especially the free economic zones, went giant and growing from year to year, the investment mainly from the financial system under the jurisdiction of the British Crown, including not only the UK but also worldwide offshore associated also with the Dutch and Swiss capital. These investments and provided along with the work ethic of the people and efficiency of the Chinese leadership the phenomenal breakthrough of China. As for the Americans, they joined the process only in the late 90-ies, when bill Clinton restored Sino-American relations and has lifted restrictions on investment and export of technology.

Because in the 90s – the first half of the zero years of the Chinese economic miracle was based on very low wages, then, ultimately, a new global division of labour associated with the emergence of China as a world factory, killed himself vigorously developed in the 70-80-ies of the processes of robotization, automation of production in the West and in the USSR. In the press flashed the headline "Chinese coolies defeated robots".

Third, the completion of the competition the two systems in political, military and socio-economic spheres allowed the winners of this competition to implement the conversion of many technologies and developments, which initially focused on the needs of the armed forces and the military-industrial complex. Main thing here was the introduction into civil circulation of a fundamentally new telecommunications system for a long time developed under the auspices of the Pentagon, specifically its research Agency DARPA. In the late 80-ies, when it was already clear that the competition is won, the United States has legalized online and turned it in the open for anyone to freely develop and finish building the system.

Today few people remember that the beginnings of such systems, including those focused directly on households and industry, already existed in the 80-ies. We are talking primarily about the French system Minitel, which, in fact, was a prototype of the informational Internet-based directly on the population. For anybody not a secret that the development of the Internet in the early 90-ies engaged, primarily universities, research institutions, as well as very advanced geeks. However, all of this financed by leading foundations and corporations – contractors of the Pentagon. Consistently engaged in microelectronics and telecommunications, even with 50-ies of the last century, they represented enormous potential of the new system. By the way, if it was not secret to the most advanced researchers. For example, in the Soviet Union in 1980 in the "Young guard" was published the book of J. Scheinin "Integral intelligence", where in detail, in detail, was described today, and sometimes even tomorrow's Internet.

The above-mentioned processes set at the turn of 80-90-ies of the cross on the progressive development of civilization through the deployment of scientific and technological revolution. In the 70-80-ies of the unfolding scientific and technological revolution, the media, researchers, politicians and leaders spoke not less, and perhaps more than now about the so-called Fourth industrial revolution.

Although in itself the term "scientific-technical revolution" came into circulation at the turn of 60-70 years, the highest rates of revolution scored in the early 80-ies. In the United States who became President, the former Governor of Sunny California Ronald Reagan began implementing not only the propaganda of the PR project "Star wars", but also the very real target of a secret project "Socrates", focused on the development and implementation of the us economy the latest achievements of scientific and technological revolution. In the USSR in the same period (according to the published in recent years, the memories), the leadership of the KGB of the USSR initiated the private program. Their goal was an inventory of innovative breakthrough technologies in the decisive direction not only military but also civilian areas is qualitatively different from the solutions and technologies of industrial reproduction of the XX century. Part of these technologies was selected for practical development and subsequent introduction in the national economy and defence.

The collapse of the Soviet Union and the termination of the period of two camps not only turned these closed projects, but significantly stopped the rapid development of scientific and technological revolution as a whole.

Technotrek

When in early 2016, the head of the Davos forum, Klaus Schwab, declared the Fourth industrial revolution, he solved a well-defined task. It was necessary to give a signal to the world elite that things are going well in the world and global society is moving from one industrial revolution to another. Talking about the fourth industrial revolution, he briefly mentioned a third, which is related to microelectronics and the Internet. Thus, the established paradigm of sustainable, although not without difficulties, progressive development of the global economy and above all its vanguard – the US, EU and China.

However, in practice there was a substitution of concepts. It is known from history that any industrial revolution is such, as leads to greater resource efficiency and, above all, productivity growth in the countries-leaders of the industrial revolution. Meanwhile, numerous calculations, including the jubilee report of the club of Rome "Come On!!" (2017) show that in the last 50 years the pace of global growth, and growth efficiency has been steadily declining. Moreover, the growth was mainly driven first by Japan, South Korea and Germany, and then China. Ie, countries that implement a so-called model of catch-up development based on foreign investment and introduction of foreign technology is ready. The actual data allow us to confidently say that no Third industrial revolution was not. As for the Fourth, it likely is not a new revolution, and an attempt to resume interrupted scientific-technical revolution 70-80-ies of the last century.

However, it is doubtful that this attempt will be successful. First of all, it should be noted that the world in the last 30 years is in a state of technotopia. Understand that the most advanced representatives of the Western elite. Proof of this is obvious fact which, nevertheless, remained unnoticed, or at least non-accent most advanced analysts. Explain what was going on.

Election campaign D. trump went under the slogan "let's Make America great again!". The slogan had a double meaning. One for the masses of voters. It gives them hope that trump will protect the jobs of the Chinese, Mexicans and Europeans, will create more favorable conditions for business development and return thus to the blessed America 50-60-ies.

Second, the deeper meaning was intended for elite groups. Its carriers were made much for the victory of D. trump one of the leading high-tech entrepreneur Peter Thiel, philosopher and a specialist in information operations Steve Bannon and the head of the largest oil company Exxon Rex Tillerson. In their opinion, to make America great again was only possible due to the nomination on the first role in all spheres of producers or makers, and limited rule of "distributors" and the owners of fictitious capital. Most fully this approach is described in the article, Peter Thiel, "the End of the future", published in 2011, and in a series of performances of Steve Bannon in the midst of the election campaign of 2016.

What a global society, including America, still located in technotopia and destructive phase dynamics once again confirms the fact that Thiel, and Bannon, and Tillerson left trump, and their concepts and development is excluded from the topical agenda of his administration.

In order to characterize technotrek, let me give you surround a passage of one of the most authoritative scientific analysts and journalists - Michael Hanlon - at a meeting of think tanks late last year in London.

"The view that our XXI century is one of the fastest in development, is so popular that to challenge it is very difficult. Almost every week we read about the “new hope” for cancer patients and laboratory discoveries that could lead to the creation of advanced drugs that are discussed in a new era of space tourism and the Superjet, which can fly around the planet in a few hours. And yet we sometimes think that this image is an unprecedented innovation can not be true that many of those shouting about the progress on the case are merely swindles, speculation — even fairy tales.

And once there was a time when speculation matched reality. It came to an end over forty years ago. A large part of what has happened since then, boils down to cosmetic improvements have already been created. This present age of innovation — I'll call it the Golden Quarter — lasted from approximately 1945 to 1971. Almost everything that defines the modern world, have either established or prepared at this time. The contraceptives. Electronics. Computers and the birth of the Internet. Nuclear energy. TV. Antibiotics. Space flight. Civil rights.

But there is real progress today? Well, take a look around. Look at the sky, those planes that you see will be slightly updated versions of those planes that were created in the 60s — a little more quiet Triscari with the best on-Board equipment. In 1971, a regular airliner eight hours flying from London to new York and that has not changed. And in 1971, was the plane, which was flying the same route in three hours. Now the Concorde is dead. Our cars are faster, safer, and more economical in terms of fuel than cars in 1971, but a radical shift has not happened.

And Yes, we live longer, but it's up to the frustration is weak due to the recent breakthroughs. Since 1970 the U.S. government spent more than $ 100 billion in what President Richard Nixon called the "War on cancer". Even more was spent by other rich Nations, which boasted well-equipped laboratories for cancer research. Despite billions of investments, the war turned into a crushing defeat. According to the National center of statistics of health, in the U.S., mortality rates from all cancers fell by only five percent during 1950-2005. Even if you subtract the distorted factors like age (more and more people survive to the age at which cancer) and better diagnostics, the bitter truth is: in the fight against most cancers your chances of 2014 slightly higher chances to 1974. In many cases, the methods of your treatment will be the same".

To gloat about the illusory nature of technological progress in the United States or Europe is not necessary. At home, things are to put it mildly, not better. For example, today no one is surprised by the fact that the country cannot produce airplanes and helicopters, designed in the 80-ies – early 90-ies and passed flight tests in the late 90s - early zero years. We lost in the field of microprocessor technology, even those developments that existed in the late twentieth century. For example, optical processors on a diamond substrate, a special line of processors for computers "Elbrus", etc. the New iPhone designed in USA and manufactured in China or the robot vacuum cleaner from South Korea, of course, easier life, however, are irrelevant to the scientific and technological revolution.

Artificial intelligence in the context of a systemic crisis

As noted above, artificial intelligence is based on process capabilities: hardware infrastructure, software and algorithmic infrastructure and large structured and unstructured data supplied in real-time.

Undoubtedly, unlike the vast majority of scientific and technological clusters in the field of hardware and telecommunications infrastructure over the last 30 years have seen revolutionary developments. In accordance with Moore's law, 30 years, there has been an exponential increase in capacity of computers and the bandwidth of the telecommunications line at the rapid depreciation of the unit of power.

In parallel, the Internet has allowed for the first time in the history of mankind to essentially full, fill up in the online archives of behavior, how groups of different sizes and individuals. And the last three or four years, with the advent of the Internet of things, these archives began to encompass not only thoughts, interests, desires, or actions in the Internet environment, but any deed and moreover, the movement in the physical reality. The digital world, the occurrence of which heralded a few years ago the head of the Google E. Schmidt is not only a unity of the virtual and physical reality, but primarily a world of total awareness of the owners of the platforms of everything and everyone.

As for the algorithmic and software equipment, by and large, it is an improvement of the decisions and developments made during the twentieth century. This also applies to the principles of machine learning, and neural networks and to pattern recognition on the basis of the full combinatorial tables, and analysis of structured and unstructured information. Because of breakthroughs in applied mathematics in the XXI century are made, respectively, the algorithmic core of modern software has evolved and existed in its main features still in development programmes "Socrates" and the relevant Soviet. Just 30-40 years ago, those algorithms were not Mashinostroenie programs. Computers have not enough power for a full of combinatorial calculations.

Ultimately, of course, roughly, we can say that artificial intelligence is based primarily on the possibility of calculating the quantitative dependencies and relationships between the huge and increasing number of variables. This is the strength and weakness of the current artificial intelligence.

Artificial intelligence today are in a much more efficient person to solve any combinatorial, accounting tasks, and accordingly to detect stable images, to look for correlation between the huge number of variables to select the desired information in large data arrays. A limitation of today's, and tomorrow's artificial intelligence, is that, being a product of mathematics, he is not able to help resolve conflicting and dynamic problems, where there is a transition from quantity to quality. The math works only with a consistent and quantitative systems.

As there is no belittling of the achievements of artificial intelligence. In human practice, according to the calculations of researchers, as we see 75-80% of the tasks refers to the routine that is executed, that is, instinctively, reflexively, under preassigned conditions and standards. In the limit of artificial intelligence can better a person to solve all these problems. To the terms and defined parameters. Even the best computer beat human in chess or Go, not able to make a decision that it is time to stop playing defense and go to a different sport. The older generation remember the song of Vladimir Vysotsky on the encounter of the boxer and world champion in chess. Here's the song for the computer is fundamentally incomprehensible.

Not only in social media but also in scientific periodicals in the corridors of governments, international and private national meetings for several years, there is growing promise that a little bit more and artificial intelligence will determine how to cure cancer, will construct the most economical rocket ship or solve the mystery of the global climate. However, thoughtful analysts realize that all that you have to share not even two, and much more.

No doubt, a powerful combinatorial possibilities of artificial intelligence allow to solve a wide range of tasks. However, artificial intelligence today is not only a marker of a breakthrough development, but first and foremost, a marketing brand. Every three or four years in information technology there is a new feature that pecking investors and invest billions not even printed, and the generated electric signals as the USD, Euro, RMB and mnt. Only in the last 10 years was the mainstream social network, big data, expert cognitive systems like "Watson"artificial intelligence. Just now continues the hype blockchain technologies, and knocking at the door of the supernova label augmented reality. All these areas are real and, no doubt, seriously changing lives, business and civil society. However, all they undoubtedly are promises, which are performed not completely and are replaced by new promises. Perhaps the best metaphor for modern society is the emerald city, where Goodwin is trying to score on each other.

In terms of technotopia and uncontested stagnation of the real economy, covered with a growth of fictitious capital in the form of stock, etc., the artificial intelligence used by all the leaders of the race not in the real economy and in the company management, in ensuring the inviolability of the foundations of the global emerald city.

Deeper meaning "of the state of Putin"

Not so long ago Vladislav Surkov published a landmark text, "a Long state of Putin". As you might expect, it has caused a heated debate. Moreover, most discuss see the text of the apology of the authorities and attempt to bring under the Russian, in many respects, unsightly realities of a strong conceptual basis.

However, it may well be that even the most thoughtful readers don't quite understand the deeper meaning of the text. If very briefly, the essence of it is that opinions are expressed about the objectivity of the transition of society from the presumption of choice to the principle of trust. The trust takes the place of choice in the sense that, in the opinion of the author, the real choice in traditional democracies is less and less, and thus the choice increasingly becomes a fiction, something that needs to be replaced. In replacement of the proposed trust. This construction categorically did not suit a significant proportion of participants in the discussion. However, the problem consists here in what.

If we look closely at development trends, and most importantly, the practical application of the most powerful artificial intelligence systems, you will inevitably come to the conclusion that it is used in the leading countries, if not deprivation, at least a significant limiting choices for the citizens of these States.

Most clearly and vividly it demonstrates the projected full launch in late 2020, the Social credit system in China. Currently in China the Park unfolds a powerful artificial intelligence that will process information from hundreds of thousands of surveillance cameras, tens of millions of tablets, smartphones, computers. These systems will control all electronic payment transactions, closely watched by the Internet of things not only online but also in real offline behavior of citizens. Depending on the results citizens will be weekly obtain certain scores, a kind of assessment of his conduct from the standpoint of conformity to the norms of Chinese society. In the West, this system has been called Orwellian Big brother.

However, in fact it is not quite so. The fact that all Chinese life is imbued with the Confucian tradition, with the primacy of the state, society, elders in the daily life of the individual. Without such primacy, the Chinese society could not survive on the limited by natural barriers areas for thousands of years. In this sense, the artificial intelligence system of Social credit is actually a materialization, or rather, Informatization characteristic of every Chinese Confucian precepts.

When contraction of the choice – it is not only the prerogative of the Chinese, due to historical tradition. This is both the reality of the United States, Britain, and eventually in other European countries.

Recently Russian translation was one of the most influential books of the XXI century, the work of advisers of the US President and Prime Minister of great Britain - K. R. Sunstein and Taller - "Nudge. The architecture of choice”. In the literal translation of Nudge is the boost. In fact, it is not about pushing, but about invisible, or as the authors write "soft" coercion to choosing one particular option from several.

Currently, the Nudge system is being tested in more than 40 countries around the world, but the most sophisticated and effective form was developed and practically used in the USA and the UK. This is not surprising. Here is at least 25 years, the population of all economically developed countries, first and foremost the already mentioned, every second through the Internet, and the TV gently forced to purchase certain goods or services. No wonder the marketing and advertising have long been the most important sectors of the economies of many countries, as in the structure of prices of goods costs forced to buy is from 15% to 40%.

The credit economy of consumerism and behavioral passivity are inextricably linked. Generation consumers, shaped by the global destruction of the last 30 years, when global society has absorbed all the shortcomings of capitalism, real socialism, and even of the preceding formations, including feudalism and slavery – it's the people, more and more deviating from the choice. In fact, marketing and advertising built on the exploitation of stereotypes, habits, basic emotions and desires. Nudge is just the next step in the deprivation of the population in the form of consumer mass, and the electorate, the possibility of real choice. He is, unlike traditional marketing, exploits not only the habits and social attitudes, but also the nuances of human behavior, group instincts and common to all people in varying degrees, laziness and lack of desire to think and to strain.

Let me make one unexpected hypothesis - widely fanned for two years, the story of Russia's intervention in U.S. elections is a distraction from the massive use of technology Nudge to manipulate the political behavior of the American electorate.

The fact that during the election campaign of 2016 for the first time a large-scale staff D. trump was used Nudge techniques. Assessment serious analysts, they have declined in favor of trump's choice of traditionally democratic States "rust-belt" and brought him victory in the electoral College, despite the fact that in the national vote, it lost two million votes, and Hillary Clinton.

Americans, and this is evidenced by serious, advanced resources, think seriously about the dangers of Nudge, and that is artificial intelligence sometime in the future, and today denies the freedom of choice of ordinary citizens not only in economic but also in political spheres.

Thus, the artificial intelligence, as shown by the example of China and the United States, is used primarily for the needs of social governance, the transformation of bourgeois democracy and the authoritarian socialist regimes in algorithmic techno-economic society. In these societies the working population participates in political life and even organize your daily life in accordance with the algorithms that are implemented through platforms, like Uber or Amazone controlled by artificial intelligence-based big as impersonal, and personal data.

Artificial intelligence and the global crisis

History, even the world, this is not a process of continuous progressive development. Era of ascent followed by periods of decline. Complex advanced society in the history of mankind has become a victim of its complexity and was replaced by the much more archaic and underdeveloped structures. Examples of the not only the Roman Empire and the Minoan civilization in Europe, but the collapse of Chinese empires, the disappearance of flowering States of Bactria and Sogdiana, etc.

There is reason to believe that humanity is on the verge of another major crisis period. And it is not only inevitable in the coming years the next cyclical crisis. More importantly, classical capitalism, becoming global, has exhausted the resources of its existence and before our eyes transformirovalsya a battleground between financialism and algorithmic technoeconomical. All this is happening against the background of the already begun biosphere crisis, when every year disappears up to 2% insect and 0.5% of other living beings. Becomes increasingly unstable climate. Constantly growing environmental pollution, which has long been a national problem for China and becoming a serious social issue for Russian and American cities. The coming years will inevitably be a time overlap each other negative trends in the economy, climate, demography, biosphere and technocenos. This inevitability makes a completely new way to look at the problems, including artificial intelligence.

Current artificial intelligence based on big data and traditional math, effective in the may fast, but stable in our foundations of peace, a world where the future is basically a continuation of the present. However, we are entering a new world. In the new world, the main criteria will be the survival, reliability, and ability to respond to extreme challenges. There is a significant chance for the Russian society. It traditionally lives in conditions of force majeure and the tectonic shifts that are so used to survival mode. Undoubtedly, this mode is a little like me, but most likely it is the inevitable future. Survival is impossible without mutual trust between society and the authorities, without creating the technological basis or infrastructure of the survival of the society in force majeure conditions. In this regard, short-sighted, is the idea of copying the West or East, for example, Chinese, patterns in the form of digitalization of the economy or attempt to catch up with the already departed train traditional artificial intelligence.

Literally in recent months, often in the most serious, designed for political and scientific establishment, journals, there are publications about the need to create alternative models of artificial intelligence and are oriented not at stable conditions and at the extremes, force majeure and survival mode. In this context, refers to such areas as the transition from purely discrete computing devices to the analog-to-digital, creating interfaces, computer-human, based not only on the electronic connection, but also on the underlying features of the human psyche, the complement of the binary "Yes-no" algorithmic fuzzy logic, the transition from sequential to distributed and parallel multidimensional calculation. In fact, we are talking about the shift from the paradigm of "computer-like mechanism" that resemble natural ones on technology, which for the first time in the world from the rostrum mentioned in Putin's speech at the UN General Assembly in 2015.

If there is political will, the socio-economic conditions, and most importantly, not flashy, but real trust and solidarity between the authorities and the population in Russia has the best chance to make a breakthrough in this direction. In the countries-leaders in the field of artificial intelligence in the traditional areas, based on the achievements of the str 70-80 years made very large investments, political and other rates to avoid mechanical paradigm and switch to that resemble natural ones (such work is actively conducted at the Kurchatov Institute). In our country, where a confluence of objective and subjective factors and accidental circumstances, the groundwork of the traditional development, production base and infrastructure is completely exhausted, if you have the will, desire and unity to realize available not only in Russia, but abroad as developments in artificial intelligence, effective crisis world.

Elena Larina, Vladimir Ovchinsky

Source: http://zavtra.ru/blogs/rivok_v_iskusstvennij_intellekt_ili_fal_start


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