The bitcoin exchange. Beginning
The emergence and growing popularity of cryptocurrency, the creation and control of which are based on cryptographic methods have been linked to difficulties and political scandals which have been seen by the government and US intelligence agencies. This is not surprising. At the time, the prototype of the modern Internet, without which no cost, virtually no household in the developed countries, developed as a purely military technology. It's the same with digital money. Now they are actively interested in security services and, for example, criminal structures. So, according to some experts, about 80 percent of large illegal transactions in our days is done with cryptocurrency.
One of the first global platforms, where traded cryptocurrency has been registered in the Japanese exchange Mt.Gox. Its Creator, in 2007, became an American programmer jed McCaleb, the original goal of the site was manufacturing playing cards for the popular Board game. But after a few years McCaleb interested in bitcoin, and the site became a crypto currency exchange, and in 2011 its popularity has grown significantly — so much so that the Creator could no longer cope with the volumes and sold Mt.Gox, the Japanese company Tibanne, the head of which was mark Karpeles. Studying this history experts still cannot answer the question of why Karpeles bought the exchange — whether sincerely believed in the success of new technologies, looking for any way easy to earn or just want to do something new.
Let's leave this question to the conspiracy theorists. But in fact bitcoin exchange received from the new owner of rapid development, and soon became one of the most popular in the world. However, Karpeles blatantly careless attitude to the safety of the work site, and in 2011, Mt.For the first time Gox got hacked. Then the hackers stole more than $ 8.5 million. The stock exchange had to halt trading the situation stabilized only after several days.
In 2013 was frozen the account of American units Mt.Gox in the absence of the Japanese company a license to provide the service of transfer of funds, after which the exchange began with the withdrawal of dollars. The problem, however, was settled. How? Details were not disclosed.
By January 2014, Mt.Gox ranked third in trading volume on the market. More surprising that in February, the company suffered a collapse: Mt.Gox announced that it was 744,4 lost thousands of bitcoins owned by customers and around 100 thousand bitcoins of own funds (approximately us $ 470 million at the time). The culprit was again called hackers — Mt.Gox announced that it would begin the search for the missing funds, but after a couple of weeks filed a bankruptcy petition in the United States.
Only recently it became knownthat in Mt.Gox was probably carried out fraud to hide the losses from the theft of funds at the first hacking — auction was conducted by bots, which did not make the real deal, however, affect the value of the cryptocurrency. This, apparently, explains the peak price of bitcoin in November 2013, which was recorded it was on Mt.Gox.
I wonder one more thing: despite the more than significant loss to Mt.Gox, one of the major players did not show any claims. However, it should be back later.
Simultaneously with the development of cryptocurrency market after 2011 in the world's media began to widely spread information about the Russian hackers as dangerous criminals. Allegations that Russians are involved in all sorts of break-ins, viruses and similar operations, began to appear in the press more often. The FBI is beginning to include Russian citizens in the lists of most wanted criminals and openly about Russia's intervention in the Affairs of American state. And the "Russian threat" really was — only upon closer inspection she was not Russian.
In March 2014 the third in the world in trading volume bitcoin dollar went to nobody known online platform for cryptocurrency trading — VTS-E. Exchange followed the principle of anonymity: to register on the website and start trading it was only necessary to enter the e-mail. The site focused primarily on Russian-speaking users, but the servers located in the USA. However, until the spring of 2017, when the exchange was closed and the servers and accounts are arrested by the FBI, the attention of the American secret services did not attract a sharp rise in popularity of the VTS-E or its activities generally.
25 July 2017 in Greece at the request of the US justice Department had arrested a Russian citizen Alexander Vinnik. The FBI said that winnick is one of the leaders of the criminal organization, which with 2010-2011 using BTC-E washed more than four billion dollars. In the documents of the justice Department, directed the Greek authorities, it was noted that the criminal organization was related to funds missing after the bankruptcy of Mt.Gox. In the alleged hacking of Mt.Gox in 2014 was stolen about 850 thousand bitcoins, and, according to law enforcement, 306,8 thousand of them were transferred to the wallets associated with BTC-E. winnick denies his guilt, and only admits to having advised the stock exchange.
BTC-E went offline, stopped functioning and after a while opened at a new venue — WEX. Representatives of the exchange immediately after his arrest winnik stated that he was not there nor the Manager, nor the employee. However, other experts allowed for the possibility that the user BTC-E "I worked in a gray area" that "does not interfere, of course, carried out through the stock market is not quite legal operation."
Meanwhile, according to some, the exchange of VTS-S, as well as a whole hacker network in Russia, controlled by the notorious head of the 2nd Department of information security Center of FSB of Russia Colonel Sergei Mikhailov. The one that was arrested in Russia earlier in December 2016 on charges of treason.
"Mikhailov bend under him at the time, Webmoney, five or ten years ago being a main tool for obalo and withdrawal of money, which hosted the main shadow flows around the world. With the advent of the VTS-E codes web-money lost position. If we assume that web-money was under Mikhailov, it is logical to assume that the PTS-E was also under them," — said Dmitry Vasilyev, the former owner of the exchange WEX. About the connection winnik with Mikhailov can say the fact that the first was known in his circles as "Sasha-WME" — in its main nick network WME, that have WebMoney Exchanger.
Mikhailov is suspected that he worked closely with Western intelligence agencies — in particular, he at one time provided the IP addresses of alleged Russian hackers that were hacked correspondence of staff of Hillary Clinton. Assuming that BTC-E also worked under his control, it will mean that the site simply serves the interests of U.S. intelligence. Currently, most of the documents in the "case Mikhailova" collect on delivery "classified".
After the arrest of Colonel Mikhailov and his Deputy Dmitry Dokuchaev , the CIA lost control over the exchange, where transactions were used in the interests of special services of the USA. Obviously, U.S. intelligence agencies decided to hide his "cryptobox" further and discreetly from prying eyes, than in the Playground of Mt.Gox in Japan on the territory of Russia. That's why when bitcoins with Mt.Gox in 2014, flowed into the wallets controlled by BTC-E, state, law enforcement officers didn't even flinch, because the money was under the control of their own agent Sergei Mikhailov. Worried the Americans only three years later — after the arrest of his agent.
The question of finding assets to BTC-E very interesting — I am referring to the earnings of creators (whose names remain unknown), and means users that they do not have time to use before the stock market crashed. But the assets are estimated to be, according to various estimates, from 150 to 500 million dollars. In the data media exchange used no less than 15 offshore companies in the jurisdictions of Cyprus to the British virgin Islands, using different Bank accounts — for example, part of the money was credited to the national investment Bank of Mongolia. Being on exchange means in the press jokingly called "treasure winnik". The main contender for them — officially, the United States, repeatedly vypisyvanie fines the court and personally to Alexander Vinnik.
It is noteworthy that the "successor" of the BTC-E platform WEX said that "in no way in contact and took over the funds to the BTC-E Always EfficientLLP". Was on BTC-E users log on to the updated site for old accounts. However, in the summer of 2018 became awarethat some customers found serious shortages in their bitcoin accounts.
After the loss of the control over BTC-E winnick was called to a meeting in Greece — according to sources, it was promoted by cooperating with the CIA Sergey Mayzus, namely via MAYZUS Financial Services Ltd was the withdrawal after operations on the stock exchange of VTS.
"It is not excluded that money of VTS-E (about $ 80 million) are in Mongolia and smoothly spent MAYZUS Financial Services Ltd" — said Viktor Stepanov — legal adviser to the former head of the WEX Dmitry Vasiliev. He offers another option: "waiting for Mayzus after a three-year term from English law, when none of the customers makes no financial claims and after the expiry of the will be able to manage money. Why don't people fight for their money? For a year nothing happened."
"There may be a contractual relationship between the FBI and Mr. Minusom related to the fact that he went to work, and Mayzus is a defendant or witness in the case, and the client account is actually arrested — said Stepanov. — At the time of trial in Athens, the people responsible for the safety of the company, in fact, approved by the financial regulator".
Service superspy Mikhailov
It is obvious that the American political circles fought with each other with the help of "the Russian hacker community", which was under the control of agent Mikhailov, and even after his revelations continue to accuse Russia of meddling in the U.S. presidential election.
Thus when after the exposure Mikhailov in connection with the case of "Humpty Dumpty" was that the entire Russian "silicon valley" was under the control of an American agent, came the shock. What is happening now can be called chaos, says Dmitry Vasilyev: "to close a "big dump", which it was still possible to control and prevent criminal scheme resulted in the creation of hundreds of sites through which are now transactions with the cryptocurrency, including, of course, and illegal transactions".
Alexander Vinnik still in a Greek jail, the court is extremely slow, as if someone deliberately delays the process, says the former owner of the exchange WEX. "We started working with Winnick a month before the closure of the VTS-S, helped to make the Fiat exchange insights in different countries, — says Vasilyev. — We have allocated five million dollars to protect winnik — until a lawyer came only 100 thousand dollars. Thus, complete protection winnik was not carried out. Someone interested in a long stay winnik in prison. In General, the Greek court is a theater of the absurd, when seventy years the judge asked in three words, what is bitcoin, what is the blockchain".
Vasilyev asked his legal adviser to speak out in defense winnik in Greek court. "I was declared a witness in the case winnik and acted on this case. However, counsel did not ask specific questions, and I was under the impression that no one wants to find the truth in this court," says legal consultant Vasiliev Viktor Stepanov. "Why has no one asked misuse in conflict with the legislation of the European Union about keeping deposits in banks in the EU, and not brought in misuse to the court in the case of winnik?" — he is perplexed. The exchange is not obliged to check the origin of the cryptocurrency, but banks and financial institutions obliged to do so. "The company misuse had to ask the question: where is the Deposit, for example, a million euros? Very convenient to exclude from a chain of banks in Europe and to say that blame for the Scottish company, for which there is winnick and not to ask questions of the officers who were supposed to monitor the financial flow" — says Stepanov.
Interestingly, the U.S. justice Department, possessing the necessary levers to achieve their goals in Europe puts pressure on Greece, demanding the speedy extradition winnik. It is possible, it is advantageous to keep the Russians at a distance, so it has not gained access to the advocates of the "trump parties" — after reading winnik will become obvious that all so-called hacker attacks "Russian" during the election campaign trump — no more than provocation, held under the control of the CIA, FSB Colonel Sergei Mikhailov, and "cryptobox" American intelligence was on the territory of Russia and eventually was lost after the disclosure of an American agent within the FSB.
WEX, committed exchange BTC-E were also controlled by the American secret services recruited through governing Dmitry Vasilyev and a certain administrator by the name of Alex, according to some sources. Recruited by the Russians was probably one of the main hunters "treasure winnik" Tigran Gambarana — a special agent of the Department of criminal investigations the internal revenue Service under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Treasury.
The new owner
In the summer of 2018 came the news that the WEX wants to buy the former Kiev businessman, fighter militia of Donbass, known as the combat call sign Sailor — Dmitry Chevchenko (now the head of the Crimean militia volunteers Union of Donbass — approx. "Of the tape.ru").
Then it was obvious that WEX fever: users could not withdraw funds, the timing of payments shifted. However, the first approach deal with Havenco failed: "the date of signing the final documents for the deal from the WEX with an average daily turnover of $ 20 million was administered three times, but at the last moment everything was cancelled," he said to himself. In August it became known about bankruptcy of the exchange and the suspension of its work. From the wallets of users beginning to disappear cryptocurrency initiative group of clients has estimated that the amount of losses exceeded $ 400 million.
And in December 2018 the control of the Singapore company the World Exchange Services, which is the operator WEX, got Daria, Havenco — the daughter of that sailor. He was unable to register the transaction in his own name. Hevchenko declares that it will restart the exchange and will return the users of the assets, and will be engaged in and search for "treasures winnik". Western intelligence agencies then stated that it made a "discovery": much 2014 help the DNI and LC was carried out of Russia through remittances to the cryptocurrency. Sailor himself directly declaresthat "WEX will be a platform for financial support of the unrecognized republics (DND and LNR, Transnistria, Abkhazia and South Ossetia — approx. "Of the tape.ru" )". The timing of the launch of the exchange is not yet known, but Chevchenko clearly determined.
Interestingly, the head of the volunteer Union of Donbass — former Prime Minister DND Alexander Beard — many people think man of the Russian intelligence services and the Ukrainian press directly called him "the General of FSB". New actual owner of WEX, let's not forget that the head of the Crimean militia SDD. There is a feeling that in this round of cryptofauna Russians really did win. That, in fact, provoked hysteria in the Western press, for the first time in 2014 nominated for the accusations that "Russian spring" was funded with cryptocurrencies.
It seems that Western "experts" who, thanks to the vigilance of the Russian "colleagues" lost control "Cryptocom" and made a huge leakage of important political information, nothing remains but "to bring tails" and "to translate arrows". Which, of course, they are able to do to perfection. Recent circumstantial evidence of continued activity of the American special services are transactions on 199 thousand bitcoins, held on 3 and 4 December bitcoin and divided into three portions — 233, 66, 66 and 66 452 378 bitcoins.
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