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"In the world collapsed all at once". Tatiana Chernigovskaya about the civilization of idleness and distrust of information
Material posted: Publication date: 08-05-2020
How to teach the brain to work in a new environment, told the St. Petersburg state University Professor, head of Department of problems of convergence of natural and humanitarian Sciences, head of laboratory for cognitive studies, doctor of Philology and biological Sciences Tatiana Chernigovskaya at the Gaidar forum. With the thesis of her speech introduces the correspondent of “Rosbalt” Anna Semenets.

"We were all in another world"

It is fluid, transparent, volatile, ultra-fast, hybrid. It collapsed all at once. Autonomous life of the digital world is in full swing: Internet of things, self-organizing networks. Digital reality is a sign of selection in society. If we imagine the kind of country that cannot afford to enter the digital world, we can assume that it generally is not. She's not a player. People can live there myself, baskets to knit, but they are not participants in a common cause," notes Chernihiv.

"Another interesting feature is the growing distrust of information. I do this a lot lately, I think. Now to the information such an attitude as it used to be a gossip, "Well, you never know who said what? Why should I believe?“ But the trick is that this attitude has now turned in the direction of these sources of information," she says. It turns out, people have not yet learned to navigate the growing flow of information and prefer not to believe in anything.

According to neurolinguist, digital reality creates a "new kind" of man. "I call it "Homo confusus" or "the man in confusion". This "Homo confusus" didn't even know where he is. Never realized the danger we have already fallen. But we can't postpone the decision. Because this is our life," she said.

Instead, in a society are completely opposite processes. "There is such a thing as the syndrome of delayed life. People live as if now is the draft. Moreover, so raising children: you still do that one and that one, and then, when you begin to live... And he began to live in the moment when ottovka and parent cell connected. This is not a draft. Not 20 years old man to hold to something there then began," notes Chernihiv.

Comes the civilization of idleness, to which we also, in General, are not ready. "What are you gonna do all the people that will replace digital system? When I say: "free space for creativity", that gives me a sarcastic smile. Do you really believe that countless thousands, indeed millions of people, freed from the heavy work will start to write madrigals and play the lute? Are you serious? Happens quite the opposite. And we can't pretend that it didn't," she said.

"I'm here to what. No matter how much we talked about whether it is good or bad — that happens to us, it's already happening. We already got to this world, and there's no turning back. There is no need to flirt. Need to understand how to live in this world. I would put the question harshly. And we do plan on this planet to live, or we all hand over the position? Because if we pass the digital world, then nothing to talk about. You can go to drink coffee. If we have any plans for the own life is, then you have to think how to live here," she said.

According to Chernihiv, we are what we are, along with all the achievements and failures of our civilization, thanks to our brain. "People do not live only in the world of chairs, microphones, and oranges, but also in the worlds that they themselves had invented. We have the ability to operate with signs of human language, mathematics, music. We have, indeed, a complex neural network — quadrillion connections. If you start actually to count them, we have to write ten and 85 of zeros after it. Our language even has no word to call this number. It's not just more than the stars in the Universe. It's more than elementary particles in the Universe. That is, we must realize that we have located in the skull," she notes.

Experts of the digital world say that the brain is a computer, a set of algorithms that rides yourself the zeros with ones. And that sooner or later they will be able to recreate his device.

"But the brain — only algorithms?

Now we know that there is. And if the brain is a computer, the at least one type. Some part of the brain may algorithms, and there really is this mechanical process. But the other part is an analog thing. We will not now about poets, artists. But even Einstein said, "Intuition is a sacred gift, and the mind — the obedient servant." He writes directly: "Even if the conclusion refers to the scientific output looks like the result of a logical operation, it is only the finale of this work. The main part of it was not by accounts of conversions," notes Chernihiv.

But most importantly, we need to understand that there is no object that contains information. There is always an object, and whoever reads this. "If before us lie the ancient papyrus, and never will be a man who knows how to read, then this is no information. It's just a physical object. What I read from there depends on what my education, what my plans are, why I read it.

What I'm getting at? We cannot stand on the position that people are not important. People are important because they organize information. Information itself is floating out there somewhere, we from her neither cold nor hot," she says.

How to divide the world of man and computer, is not clear. These issues are generally very much unknown. "For example, what — a stupid person? Can we claim that the brain is an absolute fool still the most perfect in the Universe? The question is as playful, but in fact it is a very serious matter. If there is still quadrilions connections, then we can generally tell what the brain is smart and some stupid? In this case, what we create artificial intelligence? Smart? What does this mean? All tests of intelligence are mostly sharpened on account: smart anyone who believes. Forgive my indiscretion, but I have to say, I think very bad, but I don't think I'm a complete idiot. Therefore, it is necessary to divide these things. We know you can be a person with very low intelligence, but with absolute memory. It is a medical fact.

A brilliant artificial intelligence possible? What does that mean? If you manage something to create, do we even know that he is a genius? We learn that he is a person? We have for this method?

Will artificial intelligence to feel pain, to suffer, to empathize, or it will all mimic? Because in digital world there is no pain and no death, and it radically changes the whole picture. Computers are in measurements in which the living don't live — in nanometers and nanoseconds. And it is those systems that will make decisions. And do not delude themselves with the illusion that it is still the finger on the button to be human. It's all talk to the poor. In the end, all will depend on what information he gets," she said.

And at the same time, it is now obvious that to cook the old way to the new world is impossible. "This is a very difficult question. If eight month old child can say 'OK Google' and the system will give him everything he wants, why would he come to class ill-prepared the teacher reads him a book?

Obviously, the system needs to change. We need to create the ability to live in the digital world and not lose humanity. Because in the end it all depends on were you able to build relationships with family, children, colleagues and society in General. Should learn to verify information, to withstand stress, to cultivate the ability to change, to learn to constantly learn. If we're not pigs, we can't expose our children to prepare them for what awaits them," — said in Chernihiv. Therefore, the future of education is education of the understanding, not memorization.

"Last year I attended a session called 'New architecture of education'. I thought that architecture is something metaphorical. But it turned out that she not only metaphorical, but physical. The Finns, for example, massively rebuild school buildings. They colored there are no standard classrooms — they are changing form. Children learn in one, then another, then lie, then run. Teaches them their one teacher, then another. All the time conditions change. This is a very important thing. This means that they are ready for change" — said the expert.

"The last person I would like to take to his work is excellent, well said. I have a computer there. He counted himself. I need mad some, not all does, all the way, some nonsense smacks. He will make some kind of Niels Bohr. More precisely, it already is Niels Bohr," she says.

How to train the brain? "He, like any muscle, needs to work hard. If we lie down on the couch and will lay there for six months, then we will not be able to get up. If the brain is going to read stupid magazines, to communicate with fools, easy to listen to meaningless music and watch stupid movies, don't complain. My answer is this: the brain has to work hard. Hard being the key word. The brain must be difficult. A book that can be for someone is easy, but for you it is difficult. The film, which you don't understand. So, you will think, read criticism. Or a play where it's not clear: I wanted to tell the Director. In this case, the brain is busy with work. No need to look for tricks that improve the brain. They are not. This stunt is life itself," — said in Chernihiv.


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