Just the other day in Switzerland was held the meeting of representatives of 135 scientific institutions and organizations, which are participants of the project the Human Brain Project. This meeting was the first step of beginning to implement a 10-year global project, the results of which will give people into the hands of deep understanding of all structural features of the human brain and how it works.
Currently project Human Brain Project is considered the largest project in the history of science, in the fields of neuroscience, neural information science and other areas relevant to the human brain.
In the project Human Brain Project involves over 130 European academic institutions and research institutes, and the main role, that of coordinator of the project, given to the Swiss Federal Polytechnic University of Lausanne (Swiss Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, EPFL). Since the launch of the project scientists-neuroscientists, doctors, computer programmers and robotics will perform work in six basic directions - in the direction of neural information science, modeling of the brain, high-performance computing, medical Informatics, neuromorphic computing and neurorobotic. Each of the areas will use their specialized techniques, research methods and software algorithms to ensure maximum effectiveness of the work undertaken, which is a kind of guarantee of ultimate success.
At the first stage of the project the Human Brain Project, which will last about 30 months and will end in 2016, all hardware and software developed in all major areas of the project must be designed and ready for the testing phase, which will be conducted by the coordinators of the project, involving the scientists from all over the world.In the field of neurobiology during the first stage, researchers will need to collect the greatest possible amount of information from all possible sources, organize it and create a sort of directory that will cover all levels of brain organization, from individual nerve cells, to individual sections of the entire brain as a whole.
The researchers leading the direction of neural information science, will need to develop management tools and process vast amounts of information, part of which will be the information collected by the neuroscientists.
In the direction of neurorobotic planned combined technologies of neural networks with the functions of robotic devices that, because of this, will gain our own share of intelligence and flexibility in making independent decisions. In other areas of research it is planned to create chips, consisting of silicon analogs of neural networks, and many other technologies relevant to the principles of the structure and functioning of the brain.
As we mentioned earlier, the project Human Brain Project because of its globality and complexity, it became the winner of the competition of Future and Emerging Technologies, and funding its implementation in the amount of 1.2 billion euros took over many countries of the European Union whose scientists are involved in this project.
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