The most important and interesting events from the world of science. the Guardian. In York discovered the burial place of the gladiators, was assembled the first robot showing emotions, and in Utah find a dinosaur with 15 horns – these are just some of the scientific advances made the headlines in 2010. March: storm of applause had greeted the first particle collisions in the Large hadron Collider. BUCK finally began to justify the invested 6 billion pounds sterling, when physicists managed to push particles with the greatest energy ever obtained at the LHC.
2. April: In Iceland the eruption of the volcano Eyjafjallajokull that resulted in air traffic over the British Isles. Charles Arthur (Charles Arthur) explained why flying through volcanic ash clouds are dangerous for planes.
4. British Association of chiropractors refused a claim for defamation by Simon Singh (Simon Singh). Popular science writer criticized the Association for "Guardian" for the propaganda methods of treatment whose effectiveness metadataschema. A photograph of Singh and his son placed in a "Geek Calendar 2011", released in support of the campaign for changing the English law on defamation.
5. May: the Entrepreneur and biologist Craig Venter (Craig Venter) has announced that his team managed to create the first "synthetic life form" that will prepare the way for the creation of organisms that are constructed and do not occur in the course of evolution. Biologists have synthesized the genome of an existing bacteria "from scratch" and "reprogrammed" the other bacterial cell.
7. June: Archaeologists have found perfectly preserved burial place of the gladiators. To this conclusion they were allowed to come found on turtles that are separated from skeletons, bites of lions and the marks of hammers.
8. July: the First humans arrived in Britain by 250,000 years earlier than previously thought. Flint tools found on the beach in Norfolk were probably left by hunter-gatherers who lived in the floodplain of the old riverbed of the Thames.
9. August: For the last 48 million years, fungus-parasites of turning worker ants into zombies. Produce chemicals that alter the ants behavior, adjusting it to your needs. In the final act of zombie ant death grip clinging to the edge of the sheet – a sign that out of his head now fly the resulting disputes.
10. Scientific reviewer of "the Guardian" ALok JHA (Alok Jha) tests the functionality of the first robot able to show emotions. A robot named Nao (Nao) was programmed to reproduce the emotional expressions year-old child. He takes special signals and responds accordingly.
11. Members of the movement for nature protection published the first photographs of exquisite rock carvings from the complex of caves "little Petra" Siq-al-Barid in Beidha, Jordan. The researchers spent three years to clean up these masterpieces from dirt and grime.
12. September: British scientist Stephen Hawking (Stephen Hawking) and American physicist Leonard of Mlodinow (Leonard Mlodinow) in his book "The Grand Design" claim that the universe was created the force of gravity, not God. Hawking became famous for studying "black holes". In the photo above, obtained by Cablestogo telescope, see the splash elementary particles of "black hole" in the center of the galaxy М87.
13. It looks like the artist's impression of a planet discovered by astronomers. Planet Gliese 581g is the size of Earth and is potentially habitable, as it is located in the "Golden" – not too cold and not too hot – zone of their solar system, which makes possible the existence of water there.
17. October: a hundred years after Kipling wrote his story "How the leopard was spotted" from the collection "Tales", biology-Darwinians showed that animals from the cat family, hunting in open areas and during daylight, often have a uniform color, while those that attack, leaping from the branches of tropical trees usually have spotty skin.
18. October: Hunters of fossils dug up in coal mine in India 150 kg of amber, in which there were over 700 instances of insects. Animals trapped in the resin some 52 million years ago, before the formation of the mountains of the Himalayas.
19. In the framework of the project "1000 genomes" ended with the creation of the first maps of differences in the genomes of people. In order to understand the causes of diseases were investigated thousands of genomes. The card was published 10 years after the creation of the first draft of the human genome, this anniversary was noted by the pioneers of genome research, Francis Collins (Francis Collins) (left) and John Salston (John Sulston) (right).
20. November: the US Space program "space Shuttle" begins its final countdown, and Robin Mackay (Robin McKie) from "Observer" wondered why 30 years after the missile launchers reusable presaged the transformation of space travel in the usual case, the project completely lost his way.
22. Doctors have injected neural stem cells into the brain men in the world's first clinical trials of new treatments for stroke. The doctors hope that the introduced cells stimulate the growth of new neurons and reduce inflammation caused by a stroke.
23. The London Zoological society has published a list of 100 animals threatened by extinction. Included in the list and the pygmy three-toed sloth (pictured). This tiny animal is found only on one island, just off the coast of Panama, is the smallest representative of the sloths is under the most threat of extinction.
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