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A new interface connects the brain with the cloud in this century.
Material posted: Publication date: 19-04-2019
Imagine a future technology that will provide instant access to global knowledge and artificial intelligence literally at will, if you think about something specific. Communication, education, work and the world as we know it — would change everything. An international group of scientists under the leadership of the University of California at Berkeley and the Institute for molecular manufacturing, USA, published a paper in Frontiers in Neuroscience, in which he spoke about the emergence of amazing things at the intersection of nanotechnology, nanomedicine, AI and computing.

According to scientists, this century will be developed "nairobbery interface" (BCI), which connects brain cells with extensive cloud computing networks in real-time.

Nanobots in the brain

The concept of B/CI was originally proposed by the inventor, writer and futurist ray Kurzweil — he suggested that the neural nanobots (the brainchild of Robert Freitas Jr., senior author of the study) can be used for connecting the neocortex of the human brain with "synthetic neocortex" in the cloud. Our wrinkly neocortex, or simply "new bark," this is a fresh, smart and "conscious" part of the brain.

Freitas suggested that neural nanobots would provide direct monitoring and control signals coming in real time from the brain cells to them.

"These devices could move through the vascular network of the person to overcome the blood-brain barrier and accurately move between or even in the brain cells," explains Freitas. "Then they will transmit wireless coded information in the cloud supercomputing network and get it from the same place for monitoring and retrieval of the brain in real time."

Internet thoughts

The bark in the cloud will allow you to download information in the brain as in the Matrix, scientists say.

"System B/CI human-mediated neural nanorobotics will be able to provide people with instant access to all accumulated human knowledge available in the cloud, thus significantly improving the capabilities of human learning and his intelligence," says lead author, Dr. Nuno Martins.

This technology will allow us to create "global superbrain" which would link a network of individual human brains and AI, providing collective thinking.

"Simple experimental system BrainNet has already been tested and allowed to exchange information between individual brains via the cloud," explains Martins. "Used electric signals and magnetic stimulation, which allowed the "recipient" and "sender" to perform cooperative tasks".

"However, how is narodonaselenie, we foresee that in the future a "supermoto", which will be able to use the mind and power of thinking of any number of people and cars in real time. This is a common "consciousness" may change the approach to democracy, increase empathy and ultimately to unite culturally different groups in a truly global society."

When we can connect?

According to the group, even existing supercomputers have the computational speed necessary for the processing of neural data volumes, B/CI and they become faster.

Most likely, the transfer of neural data in the supercomputers are likely to become the bottleneck in the development of B/CI.

"This task includes not only the search bandwidth for global data transmission", warns Martins, "but also how to enable data exchanges with the neurons through a tiny device embedded deep in the brain."

One of the solutions proposed by the authors is the use of "magneto-electric nanoparticles" for the effective strengthening of connections between neurons and the cloud.

"These nanoparticles have been used in living mice for the connection of external magnetic fields with neural electric fields — that is, for detection and local enhancement of these magnetic signals and, thus, allowing them to change the electrical activity of neurons," explains Martins. "This is going to work and back to electrical signals produced by neurons and nanobots, can increase using magnetoelectric nanoparticles to be detected outside the skull."

To make these nanoparticles and nanobots — safe to the brain via the blood circulation will be the biggest challenge for all in the field neuroblocking interfaces. Will require a thorough analysis of biodistribution and biocompatibility of nanoparticles before they can be considered for human development. Still, Martins is convinced that "Internet of thoughts" will become a reality before the end of the century.

Ilya Hel


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