In the American national laboratory oak ridge, June 8 was launched the most powerful supercomputer in the world, according to a press release published by scientists. Performance machine called Summit reach 200 petaflops — 200 thousand trillion calculations per second.
The launch of the Summit allowed the US to shift with the first line of a rating of the Chinese supercomputer Sunway TaihuLight, the computing power which is about 93 petaflops, and re-take the lead on the supercomputer race.
"Today's launch of the Summit supercomputer demonstrates U.S. leadership in scientific innovation and technology development. It will have a huge impact on research in energy, scientific discovery, economic competitiveness and national security", — commented on the success of American scientists U.S. energy Secretary Rick Perry.
4608 Summit consists of computing servers, each with two 22-core processor IBM Power9. Built-in memory up to 10 petabytes. The MIT Technology Review quoted a researcher from oak ridge Jack wells, describing a supercomputer. According to him, the Summit blocks cover an area comparable to two tennis courts. For the cooling system requires more than 15 thousand liters of water.
As noted by the laboratory team, the Summit system at creation was optimized to work with artificial intelligence, which should facilitate the analysis of large data sets. These machines can be used to analyze weather phenomena, development of new types of materials and simulation of processes occurring in the explosion of stars.
As noted by MIT Technology Review, startup Summit, which allowed US to overtake China at the top of the list of supercomputers, is not only a question of prestige, but to national security. The assistance of these machines can be used for military research in the creation of new types of weapons, including the design of nuclear warheads.
Laboratory of oak ridge (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, ORNL) is a part of the U.S. Department of energy. She previously owned the championship in race of the supercomputers: from 2009 to 2010 at the top of the list of most powerful computers in the world were owned by the oak ridge supercomputer, Jaguar, and from 2012 to 2013 — the supercomputer Titan.
According to the Top500 project, a leading accounting supercomputers, the country with the highest number of heavy duty computing machines by November 2017 was China — he owned 40% of the supercomputers from the rating. In June 2015 he owned only 7%. At the same time, the United States in 2015 has reduced its stake in the rankings with almost 47% to 28%. After China and the United States place in the ranking of countries with the highest number of supercomputers from the top 500 is Japan, Germany, France, UK and Italy. Russia owns only three supercomputer of the top 500 (share of 0.6% in rating). In 2011, Russia's share declined four times (from 2.4%).
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