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The global hunt for data
Material posted: Publication date: 19-11-2019
The development of new technologies will not lead to technological unemployment, but workers and consumers will need new tools to protect their rights, to resist the attempts of manipulation by corporations with all the large amounts of data. This problem was widely discussed in the framework of expert councils of the world economic forum (World Economic Forum, WEF) in Davos. At the same time, regulators WEF experts recommend to be flexible, so as not to interfere with the implementation of new developments.

In Dubai ended a two-day meeting of the "councils of the future" — expert platform, preparing issues and recommendations for meetings of leaders at the world economic forum in Davos. Job 38 councils was devoted to the introduction of separate technologies (artificial intelligence, 5G networks, biotechnology, etc.), key units, and issues regulations (in investment and trade, energy, urbanization, infrastructure, geopolitics) or to individual countries or regions (including Russia, China, Europe, EU, Korean Peninsula).

One of the main themes of the forum in Davos will be the convergence of regulatory standards technologies in the world, as well as the increased role of "geoeconomics," said in an interview with "Kommersant" the President of the WEF børge Brende. However, unlike the earlier agreements describing technological standards, now the problems are expected due to different approaches in the assessment of the ethical aspects of application of those or other decisions and increased competition.

A special concern to experts is the growing role of companies with large data arrays.

Analysis of consumer behavior allows to build a strategy, build up a tolerance and allow the manipulation— that technology already allows for non-obvious parameters (for example, as one moves the mouse) to predict long-term user behavior. However, unlike doctors or lawyers, are obliged to act in the interests of patients and clients, technological companies are only required consent to the disclosure of data. Increase their responsibility code, which enshrines the primacy of the interests of users, but the question of responsibility for the violation of such norms is opened. The development of individual technologies requires not just regional, but global regulation, as companies often do not have national ties.

To keep up with changes in markets, regulators need to work more actively with the major players, and generally move to a more flexible model of implementation of new norms (soft law), otherwise the laws will be to fix the outdated rules and discourage new development. Leaders of such regulation are now considered to be Japan, Canada, Singapore, and the United Kingdom, in particular, there is an experiment in providing legal services by using algorithms based on artificial intelligence (AI).

The Council members in Russia, including the head of the Ministry of economy of the Russian Federation Maxim Oreshkin, Deputy head of the Department Oksana Tarasenko also mainly discussed the initiatives in the application of AI. The members of the Council of Russia has proposed to implement several projects that, on the one hand, should become a meaningful part of the national strategy for AI, and with another — to provide RF global cooperation in this area. Thus, it is proposed to create a rating of the willingness of countries and companies to implement AI. In addition, as told “Kommersant” Borge Brende, WEF and the Russian government are in talks about opening in Moscow of one of the technology centers of the fourth industrial revolution, involved in the regulation of new markets (already opened in the United States, India, Japan and UAE).

In what concerns the impact of new technologies on employment, most of the experts are relatively optimistic.

Recall, according to WEF estimates that by 2022 the digitalization will lead to the loss of 75 million jobs and the emergence of new 133 million (although a significant portion of them are in the service sector with low wages). Experts also expect growth "platform to employment" (example — taxi drivers and couriers). "Jobs will be enough, we are not facing technological unemployment, a more relevant question is the quality of these places and what would be "the middle income", such jobs were once the driver of the emerging economies," concluded Laura Tison of the Haas School of Business at Berkeley.

Tatiana Edovina


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