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Information technology as a mechanism of interaction between the Western expert community
Material posted: -Publication date: 27-01-2011

Since then, as the American expert-analytical centers (think tank) have adopted advanced Internet technologies, their efficiency has improved significantly. Coordination, exchange of important information, the dissemination of necessary data, access from anywhere to reference materials were made possible thanks to the Global network. Russian network space is closely supervised by American experts.

Some of the analytical institutes (e.g., Centre. Woodrow Wilson) track the dynamics of the Russian market development of network services and its impact on the socio-political situation in the country.

It's no secret that the U.S. is ahead of Russia in the sphere of development of information technologies. When in the late 80-s the Soviet government decided that it will be more profitable to buy a more advanced and cheaper computer technology in the West, than to develop their own and spend enormous amounts of money, this marked the beginning of the information era in which the USSR is hopelessly lagged behind the Western countries. Today, the Western approach to the use of the web in their goals seems to be more efficient and optimized than in Russia. It's time to rectify the situation.

The main distinguishing feature of Russian information resources political orientation is their thematic constraints. Usually it is either the projects advocacy or expert analysis. Meanwhile, the diversity of political life is not exhausted. We forget that there are still Russian philosophy, economy, culture, which are very poorly represented in the information space, and which are also integral parts of Political. Unlike us, the Anglo-Saxon countries pay much attention to the dissemination of philosophical ideas of the classics of liberal thought and Western philosophers – John Locke, Adam Smith, Ayn Rand, Milton Friedman. Moreover, these ideas are broadcast on a Russian-speaking audience. This deals, for example, the notorious Cato Institute, in charge of Russian project. On the page of the Cato Institute States that it "provides Russian-speaking readers access to information and analytical materials on various aspects of economic and social development, including topics of globalization, economic growth, environment, migration policies, corruption, social security, civil initiatives, etc., as well as the theoretical problems of liberalism. daily publishes research of the Russian and foreign experts, filling the gaps in translations of world classics of liberal thought, comments on the current political and economic life, provides overviews of the liberal press in Russia and the CIS and information about the activities of our project and other liberal research organizations". A number of young Russian liberals the essence of the ideological children of the Cato Institute. They try to set the tone in the information sphere, to impose a false impression that no alternative to liberalism and Pro-Western path of development Russia is the only correct one.

Similar philosophical concept stands for the Ayn Rand Institute (California, USA), and the Center of Ayn Rand (USA, Washington). With their help, in Russia there is an information resource Foundation. Ayn Rand with the motto "Ayn Rand – return to Russia." Ayn Rand was indeed a native of St. Petersburg, immigrated in 1926 in the United States. There she developed her philosophical system of objectivism, according to which "rational egoism" is the road to happiness, which is completely embodied in capitalist development where, in accordance with the Protestant ethic the concept of poverty is tantamount to the notion of sin, and the wealth equivalent of righteousness (compare inherent in the Orthodox culture of compassionate attitude to the foolish and mendicant Wanderers).

From the Russian side of the conceptual critique of the liberal paradigm of society development is given undeservedly little attention. You need at least to create sites devoted to the life and intellectual activity of Russian philosophers – patriots (Nikolai Berdyaev, Konstantin Leontiev, Vladimir Soloviev, Nikolai Fedorov, Ivan Ilyin, Nikolai Lossky and many others). Especially in a situation of ideological vacuum of their intellectual heritage will serve as a reference point for young intellectuals all over the CIS. Need to create electronic library with works of Russian philosophers, to publish their books in millions of copies, distribute them in schools, conduct philosophical youth camps, conferences and reading. To promote their views is necessary to establish funds and institutions, publicizing their work in the media and among the youth.

With regard to the activities of the expert-analytical institutions, their effectiveness often depends on the coordinated work of the extensive network of experts, including from among those who are present directly on a place of events. An example of optimal use of information from different sources is the work of the Foundation for economic research "Atlas" (EconomicresearchfoundationAtlas). The above Fund has a powerful and versatile resource designed to link together hundreds of analytical centers on the liberal side around the world. At the moment there are about 500, from South America and Africa to Europe and Asia. This project was named "global network of analytical centers".

The same scheme works United States Institute of peace (TheUnitedStatesInstituteofPeace) with the difference that directly on the page of the Institute can not only see the necessary materials, but also to participate in videoconferencing in an interactive mode. Another innovation is posted on the website free training courses (theory and practice of analysis of conflict situations in different parts of the world, the methodology of the policy of religious conciliation, etc.). For example, the war in Kosovo, genocide in Rwanda, civil war in Tajikistan, the students acquire analytical skills in similar situations. Each trainee is put into a database, and receives a certificate confirming his success. Further, if necessary, the Institute will be able to contact any of them with a request to perform a certain task within the framework of its competence. Since these courses are students from all over the world, and educational material has been posted in several languages, and the American Institute cautioned in the potential disposal an extensive network of foreign experts (demand).

American political scientist – neoliberal, the author of the theory of complex interdependence, Joseph Nye said that information circulates not in a vacuum but in a politically controlled environment. This is well understood in the West, so the server serving the many Internet resources around the world are in the USA. Western experts have repeatedly stressed the importance of the number of online journals (LiveJournal), especially in countries where social protests of the population does not receive the support of the public media (Iran, Cuba). The individual is motivated to action by the events which unfold in social networks (Facebook, Twitter, etc.). Therefore, the protest stratum of society requires systematic access to a Global network.

Users of Twitter and Facebook were among those who supported the Pro-American speeches against the regime of Ahmadinejad in Iran. It took place in Moldova in 2009, where anti-government protests aggressive youth called "twitterno" revolution. In Moldova, moreover, was widely used mobile telephony (SMS). According to, again, us experts, if in 2009 there were 4.1 billion mobile phones, now more than 5 billion, i.e. there was an increase of 10%. 75% of the growth came from non-Western countries. The US seeks to use this resource for political purposes, especially in the Middle East, where there are two trends: the demographic explosion and the presence of the young generation, capable of using electronic media. Western experts recommend to resort to more large-scale use of SMS where access to Global network limited (Iraq, Iran). This technology was tested during the Moldovan "twitterno" the revolution, when Pro-Western funds attracted the Moldovan Diaspora from other countries to participate in the "Five SMS in support of the revolution." Then the persons of the Moldavian nationality from Europe and the USA were to send 5 SMS to your friends urging them to support "democracy".

In his article, Soft power and us-European relations" by D. Nye wrote: "Soft" power is the ability to achieve the desired results on the basis of voluntary participation of allies, rather than using coercion or handouts. American history known outstanding examples of this kind: it's "four freedoms for Europe" Franklin Roosevelt at the end of the Second world war; the youth behind the iron curtain listening to American music and news on radio "Free Europe" and "Voice of America" during the cold war; Chinese students build the model of the statue of Liberty in Tiananmen square during mass protests; released in 2001, Afghans, immediately asked to provide a copy of the bill of rights; of young Iranians are watching banned American videos and satellite television transmission to a prohibition against a theocratic government. When you can entice others to want what you want, you cheaper the sticks " and " carrots needed to move people in the right direction".

A well-known phenomenon of "Chinese Internet", when information along the "borders" of countries are the so-called server "border guards" to block out unwanted information disruptive nature, flowing on the Western news channels on Chinese territory. Beijing has built a kind of Great wall of China, only in the information space. This Chinese leadership contributes to the preservation of Chinese national identity, she does not get caught up in pornography and primitive culture of Coca-Cola and hot dogs, not to mention the political component. The presence of uncontrolled West server "border guards" blurs the InfoSphere Atlanticist and sets its information order, more suitable to the traditions and historical prerequisites of emergence of the Chinese statehood.

Iran, strictly bluda their customs and way of life, does not allow to penetrate the domestic market for foreign video products, discrediting the foundations of the state and history of the Iranian people. Computer games that fall into the territory of Iran, altered in such a way as not to compromise the doctrines of the Iranian statehood. It is a pity that in Russia and in the CIS can easily be purchased openly Russophobic video games.

Another omission is the weak presence of Russian and Pro-Russian experts on foreign events. Often the reason is the language barrier, but also a kind of "intellectual isolation" for themselves. At the same time in other countries, experts from different countries discuss issues directly related to Russian interests, which at such events to provide just a nobody. At the same time, foreigners often flashed on TV screens or in the media, expressing and defending his position. Foreign expert opinion is simply not familiar with the views of many Russian experts, delves into them and sees no need to delve. This negative trend needs adjustments, because the tactics of the so-called "brainstorming" allows you to influence the perception of our partners from the Russian point of view, provided that "brainstorming" is Russian and Pro-Russian experts, and not someone instead. Not to mention the fact that these events are tied useful contacts and working relationships.

German sociologist Niklas Luhmann called the person decolagem – being, decoding information signals and passed them through the grid of his perception. What hits the net every single individual, and forms his view of reality perception. By faceoff in our information space certain sense, the West is trying for us to form a diagram of our perception of the world, further contributing to our reaction to events, be it politics, economy or culture as present them with information dependent and carries the meaning of the American policy of globalism.

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