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Prophecies that we have left: the predictions of our ancestors
Material posted: Publication date: 30-11-2013

Today you get a rare chance to travel back to many years ago. You will see how mankind has imagined twenty-first century long before the advent of computers, cell phones and even electricity.

A person can do and does a lot. He struggles with the elements and conquers other planets. He's looking for life on the bottom of the ocean and seeks to find a way to prolong their existence, defeating the disease. But there is one thing that is not given him to know their future. What's in this "beautiful far away"? Will there be a war or at least for a hundred years there will be peace? What will be the house where human technological progress? These issues have been and will be relevant at all times. People can only make predictions and to learn to foresee the future.

And, perhaps, if carefully to see what people thought from the past about our days, we will in the following projections we make fewer mistakes.

 

1. If cows across the country together to predict the weather could

Some people believe that to make predictions — a thankless task. Well, probably some truth in this. If you guess his prediction, it all would appear that your forecast was banal and obvious. If not, then the "predictor" risks losing credibility and be ridiculed. The best example of a "hopeless prognosis" may be the weather forecast. Very often the meteorologists are wrong, promising rain the weather is cloudless or, conversely, looking ahead to clear skies instead of rain. Armed with the staff of the hydrometeorological center of a complex hardware and software for data analysis, as well as numerous information obtained from satellites. And if with all this technological base the forecast proves inaccurate, then what can we say about the accuracy of the weather meteorological services of half a century ago, when computer and satellite technologies were still in wonder. In 1975, Time magazine published an article about the curious contest, which took place in the town of Huntsville.

One of the local farmers named John McAdams said that his cows and pigs better define the weather than the national weather service with its "satellite imagery and computer printouts stupid". According to the farmer, when the three-year bull named Bramer (Bramer) felt the deteriorating weather forecast, the day before the animal went into the stall and lay down on the hay. Jokes for a local newspaper Huntsville Item agreed to hold a competition between the bull and the farmer's Bureau the Houston weather forecast. The result showed that John was absolutely right — 19:8 in favor of Bremer.

 

2. Computer projections

William Henry gates — predictions that can be tested

When the cow wins the tech-savvy of the Bureau of weather forecast, it's funny. But if she lost, would not put her in reproach. Another thing, when the prediction is done by a person who claims the right to be called an expert. There is probably no more unfortunate predictor than bill gates. In some incomprehensible way this man managed to do is short-sighted forecasts and to build the Microsoft Empire.

One would assume that the opinion of one of the main programmers of the planet is distorted intentionally, for example, in order to mislead competitors. However, what about the adoption bill: "After two years about spam, no one will remember" made in 2004 at the world economic forum in Davos? Very bold statement, akin to the promise that in two years there will come communism. It's been almost ten years, but the spam into mailboxes, and continues to do. No smart filters, no complicated mechanisms for filtering out unwanted correspondence is still not able to defeat this junk. Not helped and patented the idea of charging a nominal fee for sending messages via e-mail. Earlier forecasts of bill gates became the subject of criticism and jokes. In 1980 bill in a periodical Microcomputing says the following: "I don't know anyone who earned on writing the software". And in 1989, he left another "pearl", speaking at the presentation MSX: "We will never make a 32 bit operating system". This statement after four years was refuted, there was a 32-bit system from Microsoft — Windows 3.1.

 

Oh, those 640 kilobytes!

A curious situation arose with another of the legendary "prophecy" of bill gates. Many people know that in 1981 he said literally the following: "640K ought to be enough for anybody" ("640 kilobytes should be enough for everyone"). Here comes to mind the anecdote about the Pope, who flew in to Paris. As soon as he stepped off the plane, it broke through the paparazzi and blurted out: "How do you feel about brothels in Paris?" Dad sheepishly asked, "what is a brothel?" And the local newspaper the next day came out with loud headlines — "the First words of the Pope in Paris: "what is a brothel?".

The story is about 640 kilobytes of RAM — about a similar situation. Actually if these words were said by bill, they are simply taken out of context. They probably meant only that the time for computers with Intel processors 8088 the opportunity to work with 640 Kbytes of RAM was a tangible advantage, since it was an order of magnitude greater than the eight-bit computers like the Apple II+ or a Commodore 64.

The very same gates about that phrase in one of the interviews very clearly said, "In the early eighties I talked a lot of nonsense, but this phrase is definitely not one of them." To many quotes attributed to bill gates, the long-lost sources, so their authenticity is impossible. For example, the well known replica of the father of Microsoft, said in the early nineties: "the Internet? We are not interested", and "the Internet is temporary fun". Probably, these phrases could be said gates in accordance with a policy of Microsoft in those years. In a later interview, bill admitted that, when the Internet first came out, it was hardly among the five main priorities of the company.

 

Peter Norton and other hunters of crocodiles

Antivirus software is used on every step. It is already installed by default on your new laptop, it can be found on the driver disk or on a DVD to a glossy magazine. Many "anti-virus" causes a stable Association with a person in glasses, who crossed his arms on his chest — Peter Norton (Peter Norton). For someone who considers himself an expert in the field of computer technology, there is nothing worse than to show overconfidence in their knowledge. That's exactly what happened with Peter. In the eighties of the last century, Norton has earned a reputation as an experienced programmer, and in 1985 published the book Programmer's Guide to the IBM PC, which became a bestseller. On the cover of this book photographed a young Peter Norton, in his characteristic pose with folded hands. You'd be surprised, but this image is patented: in a pink shirt and with her arms crossed on the covers of books can only be Peter Norton's trademark.

To opinion best-selling author Peter Norton listened, his word was considered the expert's opinion. In 1987, computers were not yet popular enough to stand in every home. However, the owners of the first PC already faced with the problem of computer viruses. Peter Norton was skeptical of the new threat, for it seemed too incredible. In 1988, in an interview with Insight Magazine Peter made fun of those who sets the problem of computer viruses: "We're dealing with urban myth. It's like the stories about alligators in the sewers of new York — everyone knows about it but nobody never seen." The mind changed very quickly. Already two years after these words was legendary antivirus released under the name "Norton". In his frivolous attitude to the virus at an early stage of their development Peter Norton are not alone. Another expert in the field of anti-virus software John McAfee (John McAfee) also dropped a phrase that indicates that in the eighties no one seriously to the virus is not treated.

He said that the problem of viruses is momentary and over a year or two to come to nothing. Though the words of this man should be treated very cautiously, for it was very eccentric and often says strange things. The person whose name is used in the name of one of the most popular antivirus software, had a very bright and eventful life. His last years generally resemble some mystery in the style of agent 007. After selling his business, John McAfee had a fortune of a hundred million, but at one point went bankrupt because of the sudden crisis. With some "pathetic" several million dollars, he fled to Belize, where he tried to organize a new business of manufacturing drugs. At the moment John McAfee deported to U.S. from Guatemala, where illegal came from Belize while being chased by local police on suspicion of murder and a hundred other sins. From time to time McAfee does strange things — hints in an interview on some plots, complains about the pursuing hackers and posting a video of shooting the laptop.

John McAfee long ago sold the rights to your antivirus and today has extremely negative attitude to the product, which now bears his name. Russian legend anti-virus Eugene Kaspersky at the press conference "an Overview of virus activity for 2003" in interview the Internet-to the edition said the following: "an Ordinary mobile phone malware has never threatened and is unlikely to be threatened in the future." The interview was given at the end of the press conference and, as we think, these words just felt tired. But what's said is said. It is incorrectly worded phrase funny looks ten years later, because the problem of malicious software for mobile devices more relevant than ever — what does not get tired to speak and the virus. Errare humanum est.

However, often predict the future much better in people who are not directly associated with a particular industry. For example, in 1981 British musician and writer Neil Ardley (Neil Ardley) wrote an entertaining book School, Work and Play ("School, work and leisure"). She was part of a series of World of Tomorrow ("World future"). In this book, which, we recall, came at a time when the concept of "personal computer" was not as such, the author writes not only about global computerization, but also about how it will affect the nature of criminal offences. The computer will protect from thieves your home and car. Thanks to the computers will eliminate the need for cash, and robbing on the streets, no one will. But there will be a new, very dangerous type of crime — computer fraud. Breaking into computer systems, attackers can steal money from Bank accounts. The police will set up special departments to combat such fraud, but to prove their guilt each time is quite difficult.

 

The computer of the future: a thousand lamps of two thousand pounds

If you have to make Grand predictions, we need them to do for a very, very distant time. In order not to feel uncomfortable from the hard rebuttal of his thoughts. In March 1949 one of the most authoritative scientific and popular publications Popular Mechanics published an article Andrew Hamilton (Andrew Hamilton) called "Brain snaps" (Brain that click), in which the author discusses the potential of computer technology. For 1949 any device (especially electronic) that is able to do the calculations automatically, was a great miracle. For example, in this article, the author admires the incredible speed of super-fast calculator that can multiply two ten-digit numbers in just ten seconds. Further, the author makes a bold assumption: "In the future computers will have only a thousand lamps and weighing probably half a ton".

This prediction, calling today a smile, it becomes clear if we recall that one of the most advanced "computers" of the time was the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer "Electronic numerical integrator and computer"). Components of this device consisted of 18 thousand lamps, and its weight was close to thirty tons.

So how can we imagine what else didn't? Too great breakthrough in human development, in order to evaluate the consequences of total computerization. For example, Thomas Watson (Thomas Watson J), the head of IBM, according to a famous legend, in 1943 said: "I think there world market maybe five computers".

This man, who did not understand fully the prospects of computer technologies, and to imagine could not, that after more than half a century, millions of people will buy the computers, manufactured under the brand IBM. But in case the notebook containing the word proposed by Watson. The word, slightly altered from motivating motto Think! in more modern ThinkPad combination.

 

3. Scientists of the future

To predict the future could not even very smart people. For example, the Nobel prize in chemistry in 1908, new Zealand (or English — as you like) scientist Ernest Rutherford. He was one of the few physicists who could do very simply and concisely about complex processes that are going on at the atomic level. Rutherford is not very actively used mathematics to describe their theories and relied on experiments. He is called the father of nuclear physics, he discovered alpha and beta radiation, showed planetary model of the atom.

However, in 1930 he said, "the Energy that is formed by the splitting of the atom, is very small. Anyone who thinks that it can be used in any order, just fell from the moon". Two years later, albert Einstein said nearly the same thing: "there is Not the slightest reason to believe that nuclear energy will ever be available". Perhaps these brilliant people do not fully realize the enormity of the discoveries made. Or, on the contrary, that we are underestimating these people? It is possible that they just really understood what Pandora's box they touched.

 

Mistakes Kelvin

On the role of William Thomson (aka Lord Kelvin — the name taken from the river Kelvin that runs through the campus of the University of Glasgow, where he worked as a scientist) in science can be judged by the fact that today his name is inextricably linked to physical quantity — the temperature. In many ways he owe it to his father, a mathematics Professor who fully encouraged the desire of a son to science and contributed to the fact that Thomson Jr. in 22 years have received the position of Professor of natural philosophy in the University of Glasgow. In 1892 for his services Thomson Jr. was erected by Queen Victoria to the nobility and received the title of Baron.

Being a talented scientist in his field, William Thomson was very opinionated and would often let ridiculous comments about the prospects for technical progress. So, for example, to him belongs the dictum: "radio has no future". The Irish physicist completely balked at the idea of creating flying machines. You know his saying: "Machines heavier than air is impossible".

 

Robert Boyle: the man who watched through the centuries

So it turns out, the scientists have never been sensible forecasts for the future? Of course there were, even in a small amount. Some scientists were able to predict the development of technology, even for many centuries. For example, all of us in high school physics classes studied the laws of thermodynamics and bison formula Boyle. In all fairness, the second name in the name of the famous law wasn't even supposed to be, because Robert Boyle came to his discovery at fourteen years earlier colleagues. Although in the story the member of London Royal society Robert Boyle came mainly as a talented physicist and chemist, among other things, this man was also the diploma of doctor of medicine.

In 1660-ies of Robert Boyle wrote an interesting paper, so to speak, "the wish List", which contains 24 points. In it a scientist makes assumptions about what inventions and discoveries in science may be undertaken in the future. The predictions cover a variety of field such as medicine, physics, chemistry. The most amazing thing in this little work that nearly all the items in the list, except for a few, came true!

Among the predictions were Robert Boyle, for example, the following "wishes": the possibility of extending human life, organ transplantation, development of man "art of flight", contactless or remote healing, an easy to use and very durable armor, the unsinkable ship that can sail in any direction, eternal source of light, psychotropic drugs and anesthetics, the ability to instantly determine the geographic coordinates and much more.

 

Articles about the benefits for Housewives

About the American engineer John Watkins Elfrida (John Elfreth Watkins) up to a certain point, no one knew. This man lived over a hundred years ago and left no noticeable traces in history.

However, a few years ago, his name was resurrected, and Watkins became a very popular figure. The reason for that — found the article that John Elfric wrote in 1900 in the women's magazine Ladies' Home Journal. The publication was so popular that by 1907 it had a record for that time the number of subscribers — more than a million. Amazingly, among the assumptions of Watkins's a lot of predictions come true. What was written in this article? Photos it will be possible to Telegraph to great distances. If in China a hundred years (2000) will be a battle, snapshots of its most impressive moments, a few hours will make the papers. In stores will be sold ready food, approximately, as now the bread in the bakeries. People will be able to observe the world. Any people, any objects and things — all this will be recorded by cameras and transmitted through electric wires to the screens of other people over thousands of miles. Multi-ton fortress on wheels will participate in the battles and rush with the speed of modern Express. They will replace the cavalry. Cars will become cheaper than horses. The horse will disappear from human life, they will be left only for racing and hunting. Appears aircraft that will be used for military purposes and to take photographs from the air. From special taps in the homes will go cold air, cooling the room in hot weather.

Air conditioners, airplanes, the Internet, web camera, television, digital photography and semi-finished products... For 1900 this is a very bold prediction, and for our time — amazing in its accuracy. John Elfreth even managed to predict that the average height of an American for a hundred years will increase by two inches. How he knew all this? Apparently, the man could very productively to think, maybe he just threw the conventions and tried to come up with "stuff" to amuse the readers of the magazine. Elfric claimed that, before you write these predictions, he consulted with different people, competent in a particular field. Either way, Watkins is called, has hit the mark in many respects. In its predictions and mistakes, but they are not so significant as his spectacular self-fulfilling predictions. The American engineer said that in a hundred years will die out mosquitoes, flies and cockroaches, and in the big cities will disappear cars — they had to replace underground and aerial highways. He also for some reason assumed that from the English language lost some of the sounds.

 

4. The prophecies of science fiction: but could be labor

The vision of the future vividly before us the first works of science fiction writers. Arthur C. Clarke, H. G. wells, Robert Heinlein, Robert Sheckley — these are the names of those who were able to look into the future and uncover the mysteries on the pages of their novels. Of course, many of their assumptions are too naive and do not stand up to scrutiny by science, but curious how much they were able to predict! Submarine, launch satellites, space stations, missions to other planets, mobile phones and much more. And sometimes science fiction, their works were directly affecting the future. As, for example, Karel Capek.

Karel čapek wasn't a science fiction writer in the usual sense of the word, although some of his works and are of a dystopian nature. Once he came to his brother Josef, who was an artist and was working on a new painting. Czech writer needed the Board. "I said Capek, is working on a new piece and don't know what to call the artificial humanoid beings. Thought to call them laborama (from Latin Labor "work"), but to me that word seems too some paper". Josef even the brush of his mouth took out, was so passionate about his work, but still replied: "So what are their robots". Despite seeming consonance, the word "robot" is not derived from the Russian word "work". In Slovak this word means "drudgery" or "hard work". Capek and his brother even could not imagine how strongly this word will enter the lexicon of different languages. But don't get the Board to Karel Josef, and that artificial arrangements would be called today laborama, and experts in robotics were labortechnika. The Capek play R. U. R. ("Rossum's Universal Robots") became the source of inspiration for many engineers of that time. Some of them rushed to recreate these robots. Especially very popular "the robots of čapek's" enjoyed in Britain. They were not only created, but also demonstrated at exhibitions. For example, this motorized robot named Eric showed in London at the exhibition organized by Model Engineer.

At its creation took six months. He could stand, walk, sit, speak, move their eyes and even knew how to shake hands. "Voiced" the robot is the master, but how — remains a mystery, even the drawing of the innards of the machine is unclear. Eric weighed about 45 kg and worked from the battery at 12 volts.

Interestingly, in the USSR the history of Capek processed, and in 1935 he went to the screens very free interpretation piece called "the Loss of sensation. Robot Jim Rippl". It was not a silent and sound film. The content has been reworked with a focus on the struggle of the workers against the capitalists.

 

5. Film and television: without a chance of success

At the end of 1925, Sam Warner (one of the four brothers who founded Warner Bros. Entertainment) acquired its own broadcasting radio station. Inspired by her work, he asked his brother Harry to use the recorded voice in the film, synchronizing audio with the movements of the actors on the screen. At that time cinema was not completely mute, but in the movies it was only used a synchronized soundtrack.

 

On the proposal of brother Harry Warner gave a terrific phrase: "Oh, who the hell actually cares about what actors say?" Just two years later Warner Bros. presented The Jazz Singer, the first film in which the audience could hear the actors ' voices.

However, unfortunately, themselves brothers missed the premiere because of the death of Sam. That who first had the idea to make such a film. In the prospects of the television somehow also believed not all. So, one of the leaders of the Studio 20th Century Fox Darryl Zanuck (Darryl Zanuck) in 1946 said, "Television will not last on the market for over half a year. People just get tired of staring at a plywood box every night."

By the way, at the time, the TV now had become a mass phenomenon. For example, in our country, the Moscow television center on Shabolovka March 1, 1939 broadcast regular programs for two hours four times a week.

 

6. As artists of the past saw the future

Arthur Radebe: the future is closer than we think

Many artists of the past century, inspired a rapid (as it seemed) the development of science and technology, tried to prove to everyone else that "the future is closer than we think." It is the name artist Arthur Radebe (Arthur Radebaugh) gave a series of drawings that were published in the period from 1958 to 1962.

Drawings-comics contained a lot of interesting ideas and concepts. For example, Arthur suggested that in the future there will be fully automated farmland, where plants will be grown under the management of numerous sensors, watering systems and so on.

Some of the futuristic predictions were made by the artist not on an empty place. For example, on one of the pictures the author shows that in the future the vehicles will be repainted in a matter of minutes with the aid of electromagnetic guns. The opportunity was to appear thanks to new materials, which were supposed to be used when designing new cars.

And it's not quite fantasy. Similar prospects at the time mentioned by D. S. harder (D. S. Harder), Vice-President of Ford motor company. He hinted that soon there may be cars that will be resistant to contamination, and will also have other surprising properties, for example, will be able to be dedusted. Postmen of the future must be equipped with a jet pack. Such a device, as time has shown, not only unwieldy, but also quite impractical. Few instances of such satchels were too noisy, required immense amounts of fuel and represented a real threat to "flyer", because to manage them was very difficult.

In the future, according to the artist, the car will become the main way of travel for the average person. So for convenience it would be advisable to build something like shopping for cars. They work around the principle of "Makavto" — the driver pulls up to a special Parking area and makes ordering food products, which during the movement along the "shelves" are downloaded to the buyer in the trunk. Most likely, Arthur Radebaugh was unaware of how futile such a project in the context of universal motorization. Just a half dozen cars to the point of sale the stopper was formed.

As for medicine, then here Arthur almost guessed. If to shut eyes to technical details and leave only the essence of the predictions, we can note that the artist almost foresaw in his comic laser therapy, thanks to which it became possible to carry out very complex operations without blood and complications.

Educational institutions of the future must be flooded with people wishing to gain knowledge. Here the artist shows optimism. In his opinion, or rather, according to the forecasts of scientists, whose ideas he embodied in drawings, in the future will rely heavily on distance learning. To give students homework and check their implementation need automated systems.

The next concept is particularly interesting, because it directly affects us. The artist has suggested that Alaska and Russia will be connected by a straight line that will pass through a tunnel along the bottom of the Bering Strait. It is a pity that since then, the idea of building such a tunnel have not been translated into reality.

Also the artist had predicted in his drawings transport controlled robots, hospitals in space, rotating the building. And he confidently declared that soon will appear the device with which you can record any TV program, and then view them at a convenient time. Called this miracle "television tape recorder". In the future reading books will be directly from the ceiling, lying on the couch. System projectors will display an image using the microfilm. The main thing is not to fall asleep from such facilities.

 

Thoughts on the canvas: city of the future in the view of ancestors

In the beginning of the last century, many manufacturers of cigarettes, confectionery products and other things are often put into the packaging card. Colorful pictures could just advertise the product itself, and they were collected by collectors. For example, one of the cigarette manufacturers of the time immodestly claimed that 2500 year in the future (apparently in London) will be the factory that manufactures this particular brand of tobacco.

In the goods, which were sold in Russia, too, could find such cards. For example, in 1914 confectionery "Partnership Einem" (later factory "Red October") has released a batch of chocolates "Moscow in the future". In boxes of candy were invested special postcards with views of Moscow 200 years later. These wonderful works were performed by Russian artist-painter Nikolai Nikolaevich Karazin. On the reverse side of each postcard were comments.

And what we see in these cards-predictions? The Moscow river is now overloaded merchant ships. In the air biplanes and monoplanes, the seaplane takes off the pier, and commercial airship with the inscription "Einem" is flying to Tula with a stock of chocolate. Is there a snowmobile, cavalry and police with a sword. However, some of the predicted has come true: see, for example, on subway trains and traffic jams. On how should look like new York of the future, you can learn, for example, from the works of the artist Richard Rammell (Richard Rummel). In 1910 he painted a futuristic city of skyscrapers; subsequently these images were used to design cards.

The American political magazine Harper's Weekly (A Journal of Civilization) was published in new York since 1857. In his state were listed by a talented cartoonist with German roots Thomas Nast. Its mission was to create caricatures of politicians and all the ridicule of the apparatus. The sort of drawings.

However, in the work of this cartoonist is an interesting episode. In 1881 he tried to depict what will be new York many years later. Artist of the XIX century, too, had no doubt that to grow this city will be not only horizontally, but also upwards.

 

France 100 years later: projections of artists

People always dream to conquer the air. It was perhaps his first wish when he realized that his hands to make progress. He constantly tried, experimented, failed, and nevertheless did not lose optimism. People believed that the conquest of the air element — a question of time. And of course, in the future, all will fly. This belief is very well seen in the works of French artists-cartoonists of the late nineteenth — early twentieth century.

Fly all. Firefighters in the Batman suit extinguish a fire, and unfaithful wife distracts her husband while her lover, like a Karlson with a propeller on his back flies into the open window.

Many of the futuristic illustrations of the late nineteenth century the year belongs to the artist named Jean-Marc côté (Jean-Marc Côté). It is possible, about creativity of this man one would never have known if Isaac Asimov in 1985 quite by accident stumbled upon a large set of 50 cards from the series EN L'AN 2000 French artist. The famous writer, without hesitation, bought them, and a year later released a book Futuredays: A Nineteenth Century Vision of the Year 2000. In it Asimov analyzes each figure and talks about why certain scenes could come to the mind of man from another era.

Have enough Asimov and his predictions of the future, but when a talented futurist conducts its own investigation of the artifacts of the past — it's damn interesting. For example, Jean-Marc for one of his works shows a real bomber, on the other — armored vehicles for the battles. Postcards have robots with remote control, submarines and many, many other different ideas.

Many of the subjects of the paintings shown in the elements previously inaccessible to man. Underwater people are playing croquet, drawn by Keith the bus carries passengers along the bottom of the ocean and above the water surface are the air battles.

 

7. Look at the space from the past

Almost all the futuristic predictions now seem naive and only surprise: how could you even think that was possible? The people of that time had no knowledge that we have. They had to think, to improvise and to think, those images that surround them. Maybe that is why they have created often the future looked like in their own world, in which people wear the same hairstyles and cylinders, and on the most sophisticated machines still have the exhaust pipe.

Even if for creating images of the future was taken very seriously, the result was still the same. For example, in 1935 the Soviet viewer saw a stunning period film "the Space voyage". It was a story about a group of Soviet scientists who travel to the moon. To make this film, was consulted by Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky.

That's why in the film there are lots of little things that nobody would at that time did not pay attention. For example shows the weightlessness experienced by the crew members in space, and when walking on the moon demonstrated a weak attraction. But the rocket plane more like a dirigible is the most fantastic aerial vehicles of the time. Hardly someone has doubts today about the fact that soon people will fly to Mars. How will look their first steps on the red planet, most likely, we will see in the live view mode. When this happens, seen on the screens can be compared with an illustration of George Bakacs (George Bakacs), made in 1964 for the book Rockets to Explore the Unknown ("Rockets exploring the unknown").

 

8. The house, which had long been wiser: the concept house of the future time

Thought about how to make your home more intelligent, does not leave the person for many years. Now smart-house, or, simply, a smart home is not a fantasy, but an objective reality. The house monitors the climate, chooses the lighting, identifies the owner, and every minute idea about various everyday needs of the inhabitants, the possibility of satisfying them. Smart home functions can be controlled via voice command, over the Internet. In short, the possibilities of a smart home are limited only by the imagination of its owner. The biggest enthusiasts have already found a way to independently implement the concept of smart home, and are constantly sharing in online communities and social networks the experience of the computerization of the premises. Construction of smart homes now put on stream. If you have money in a smart home, you can turn any housing or even to buy a property already crammed with electronics need a "turnkey". Every year the management functions of a smart home is implemented easier and more convenient. At the moment, for this purpose enough regular capacity of your smartphone or tablet. But if you think these houses were made possible only with the advent of computers, you are sadly mistaken. In 1956, the screens out the short film Design for Dreaming.

It was a musical video of the General Motors Motorama auto show. In one scene of this music video there is a "smart kitchen of the future", which is controlled by touch-sensitive buttons and a colour display. She takes a small card with perforation and insert it into the slot, then the display shows the dish should be cooked. It should be noted that this kitchen is not just a decoration. In 1957 really was such a project from the American brand Frigidaire, which was shown at the exhibition Paris Exhibition of Future. This kitchen was with an induction cooker, infrared grill, washing machine and ultrasound


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