Program "Expert-analytical centers and civil society" (The Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program) University of Pennsylvania (University of Pennsylvania) presented a Rating of the expert-analytical centers of the world 2013 (The Think Tank Index 2013), based on international survey of worldwide experts, who assessed the work of these organizations. Fully ratings for the Think Tank Index 2013 presented in the Annex (see PDF file).
The authors define expert-analytical centers (Think Tanks) as public institutions engaged in research and consulting for government and corporate contracts, primarily in the area of policy production and evaluation of possible socio-economic consequences of political decisions. The intellectual products of these organizations and applied political analysis, research and Analytics, as well as fundamental theoretical works that are intended to promote the adoption of science-based decisions of state and public figures. Many American scholars see in the use of scientific and ideological communities and think tanks one of the most important foundations of foreign policy success of the United States in the twentieth century. In Russian social science widely used three names of the expert-analytical centers: "the brain", "brain trust" and "thought factory".
Global research project on the study of the expert-analytical organizations and their role in public policy and development civil society initiated in 2008. The authors of the project believe that this initiative will lay the groundwork for international collaborative efforts aimed at creating regional and global networks of policy institutes and communities that will bridge the gap between knowledge and policy, to improve the efficiency of political efforts in various spheres of public life, and will serve to strengthen democratic institutions and civil society around the world. Currently a rating is only officially UN-recognized indicator of the quality of work of the respective organizations.
The 2013 ranking is based on the analysis of the activity 6 826 organizations from 182 countries in the world. 1947 analytical centers have been pre-selected and were distributed into 47 categories, depending on regional facilities, activities, influence and other criteria. The research leading analytical centers of the world called the 171 organization. This year in the rating involved more than 1950 experts from around the world.
Regional distribution of rankings is as follows: in North America based 1984 the centre, in Europe — 1881, in Asia — 1201, Central and South America 662, sub-Saharan Africa — 612, in the middle East and North Africa — 511; in Oceania, 38.
The top ten think tanks of the world include the following organizations:
- The Brookings institution (Brookings Institution), USA.
- The Royal Institute of international Affairs (Chatham House), UK.
- The Carnegie endowment for international Peace (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), USA.
- The center for Strategic and International Studies (Center for Strategic and International Studies), USA.
- The Stockholm international Institute of peace studies (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, SIPRI), Sweden.
- Bruegel, Belgium.
- Council on Foreign relations (Council on Foreign Relations), USA.
- The RAND Corporation (RAND Corporation), USA.
- International Institute for strategic studies (International Institute for Strategic Studies, IISS), UK.
- International scientific center named after Woodrow Wilson ( Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars), USA.
In Russia, the experts counted 122 organizations that meet the criteria for inclusion in the rating, however, in the study mentioned some of them. In a global ranking of the leading 150 think tanks was composed of only four organizations, and the Russian origin of one of them can be considered very conditional: Carnegie Moscow center, which ranks 28th. Three Russian organizations won in the main nomination the following places: Institute of world economy and international relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO ran) — 32nd place, the Council on foreign and defense policy (SWAP) — 98, Moscow state Institute of international relations (MGIMO) — 100.
Carnegie Moscow center is the second largest in the local rating of 60 of the best analytical centers in Central and Eastern Europe. This list also includes IMEMO, who took fourth place, MGIMO — fifth, Centre for economic and financial research and development (CEFIR), the sixth, the Independent Institute of social policy 21, a research Institute for the study of the United States of America and Canada of the Russian Academy of Sciences — 27, Institute of economic policy named after E. T. Gaidar (Gaidar Institute) — 32, Economic expert group (EEG) — 34, St. Petersburg humanitarian-politologicheskikh center "Strategy" — 38, Institute for security and international studies — 56, The Institute for public policy — 58, Russian international Affairs Council (RIAC) is 60.
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