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Smernicki V. F., V. V. letunovsky, K. D. Polulyakh "Theory of social security systems"
Material posted: Publication date: 03-05-2012

The book presents the main tenets of the theory of social security systems. The modern ideas on security, philosophical aspects of the concept "security", the existing approaches to research and security systems, the theoretical basis of social security systems, including their characteristics, the nature and physical meaning of danger in social systems, safety systems and their gain patterns of occurrence, increase, identifying, assessing, and managing risk in the process of existence and development of social systems.

In a separate section discusses the conceptual foundations of Russian security. The manual is intended for students, postgraduates and teachers of higher educational institutions and specialists in the field of security
social systems ranging from families and groups of people to human civilization.

The CONTENT
INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................... 6
1. PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF THE THEORY OF SECURITY...............10
1.1. What is the security?............................................................................10
1.2. Modern conceptions of security..........................................10
1.2.1. Security as security.............................................................11
1.2.2. Security as the absence of danger................................................12
1.2.3. Security as a property (attribute) of the system.......................................12
1.2.4. Security as an activity...............................................................13
1.2.5. Security as a condition....................................................................13
1.2.6. A more comprehensive definition of security...............................................14
1.3. The approach to forming the content of the concepts of "danger"
and "Bezopasnost".................................................................................................15
1.3.1. Generalized definition of "danger"..................................15
1.3.2. Generalized definition of "security".............................17
1.4. A philosophical analysis of the phenomenon of security.............................................18
1.4.1. The essence of risk on the example of the living.............................................19
1.4.2. The essence of hazard example of man as the highest
form Jivago....................................................................................................22
1.4.3. The essence of the phenomenon of security..............................................................23
1.5. Security concept.............................................................................25

2. EXISTING APPROACHES TO SECURITY
SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS........................................28
2.1. The analysis of conceptual and legal documents
in the sphere of ensuring security of the Russian Federation............................28
2.2. Analysis of existing methodological and theoretical
foundations in the field of social security systems..................31
2.2.1. An empirical approach...............................................................................34
2.2.2. The logical approach ................................................................................36
2.2.3. Theoretical approach...............................................................................37

3. THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF SECURITY
SOCIAL SYSTEMS FOUND......................................................................47
3.1. The original philosophical and methodological positions
theory of social security systems.........................................................47
3.2. Features of physical and cyber systems..............................49
3.2.1. Features of physical systems.............................................................49
3.2.2. Features of cybernetic systems....................................................50
3.3. Social systems and their security....................................................57
3.3.1. Features of social systems.............................................................57
3.3.2. The structure of social systems..................................................................61
3.3.3. Basic processes in social systems............................................63
3.3.4. The openness of social systems.............................................................65
3.3.5. Reproduction and development of social systems..................................68
3.3.6. Management in social systems........................................................73
3.3.7. The essence of risk in social systems.............80
3.3.8. The sources and dangers for social systems....................89
3.3.9. The danger of functioning of a social system...........................92
3.3.10. The physical meaning and mathematical description of concepts
"the risk situation and the risk of achieving the goal".............................92
3.3.11. The relationship of risk and security situations...............................97
3.3.12. Classification of the protective properties of the social system................98
3.3.13. Possible ways of increasing the survivability and security
social systems..........................................................................................104
3.3.14. The social security system in the normal
conditions and in conflict situations (crisis)..............................................106
3.3.15. Protective mechanisms in the management structure
social systems..................................................................................107

4. SECURITY SOCIAL WITH ITEM..........116
4.1. Principles of social security systems
and indicators of safety......................................................116
4.2. Active security operation
social systems – managing the risk............................................118
4.3. The essence and the underlying security model
social systems..........................................................................................121
4.4. Basic concepts and definitions in the field of maintenance
social security systems..................................................................125
4.5. Types of social security systems...........................128
4.5.1. Basic types of social security systems..............................128
4.5.2. The main types of social security systems...........................129

5. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORKS FOR
RUSSIA'S SECURITY................................................................. 135
5.1. The analysis of domestic and foreign experience in ensuring
the security of the state................................................................................135
5.2. Analysis of the state security of Russia and of world civilization.........137
5.3. Russia as a complex social system and the protection object...................143
5.4. The main directions, the purpose and the task of ensuring
Russia's security.......................................................................................151
5.5. The principles of ensuring Russia's security........................................153
5.6. The General algorithm to ensure the security of Russia..............................156
5.7. The structure and composition of promising assurance system
Russia's security.......................................................................................158
5.8. Modes of operation system components
Russia's security.......................................................................................163
5.9. Main indicators and criteria for evaluating the effectiveness
the security of Russia...............................................166
5.10. Peculiarities of organization of functioning of the system
security of Russia................................................................167

LITERATURE.................................................................................... 173

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