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Seven technologies that will define the year 2020
Material posted : Administrator Publication date: 12-11-2019

Personalized medicine, high-speed next-generation Internet and other developments that will affect our lives.

1. 5G

The fifth generation mobile communication provides higher throughput than 4G. Because of this we can quickly upload and download files, and the connection will become more stable. In the future, 5G will also allow automated systems, robots and Autonomous vehicles to collect and send more data. This will help the development of the Internet of things.

The testing standard is in the middle of the 2010s, but full coverage of 5G networks is still far. Writer, futurist and strategic consultant for business and technology by Bernard Marr suggeststhat in 2020, 5G will really start to fly, and the mobile operators would offer tariff plans that support the new standard.

In Russia, the prospects of the technology are still vague. Until 2024 to its development plan to spend 244 billion rubles.

2. Unmanned vehicles

In 2020 we still will not be able to trust fully Autonomous governance, but the scope of driving will develop rapidly.

The head of Tesla Elon Musk saidthat in 2020 the company will create the first "finished" unmanned vehicle, and systems like auto braking and lane change becomes more common. Also, we often will hear about unmanned taxi, which proves its applicability in developed cities. For example, Google Waymo in 2019 for a month, transported in Autonomous vehicles 6 200 passengers in the experiment.

Along with news about the successes we hear about new laws governing unmanned driving. Also there will be a lot of debate that goes beyond technology and related, for example, with the future employment of taxi drivers.

3. Artificial intelligence (AI) as a service

Bernard Marr in his book Artificial Intelligence in Practice said that the company is already studying how to use AI to improve service and optimize business processes. This trend will continue next year.

However, the development of their own systems, most organizations will not afford. So they have to turn to suppliers of platforms, such as Amazon, Google and Microsoft.

AI systems are not universal and are not always suitable for specific tasks in different companies. In 2020 we will see new service providers of artificial intelligence that are likely to make more specialized offers for the business.

4. Personalized medicine

More and more people use wearable devices that collect data on heart rate, sleep quality and even do ECG. The use of this information, says Bernard Marr, will have an impact on health: we will be able to predict, diagnose, and treat diseases even before the serious symptoms.

The author also relies on the personal approach to patients. People suffer illness and respond to medication, so effective treatment should be first and foremost personalized.

This is not a new idea: it is used in the creation of vaccine against cancer. The scientists of BioNTech startup developing individual medication for each patient based on the mutation of cancer cells. It can be an alternative to chemotherapy.

5. Computer identification

Actively developing systems that can recognize objects, places or people in the images received from cameras or sensors. Similar algorithms are used in smartphones with facial recognition or search by image Google.

In 2020 technologies with computer vision will be used more often. For example, "Yandex.Taxi" is already testing the camera, checking the condition of the driver, and in Dubai airport used sensor face detection for quick checks of passengers. Identification using sensors will be implemented in unmanned vehicles to detect danger, on the production lines it will help to track defective products, and in the city to monitor incidents.

Together with the advent of such systems in our lives will increase and the number of disputes about this technology, in particular about the confidentiality and security of data observed.

6. Augmented reality

Under the expanded reality (XR) understand virtual, augmented and mixed reality. Virtual provides the full effect of immersion when we find ourselves in an artificially created world with a special set. Augmented reality adds virtual objects in space when we look through the screen of the smartphone. In the mixed we can not only see, but also interact with virtual objects, for example with a holographic piano.

Today, these technologies are mostly used in entertainment: we've heard about Oculus Rift headsets and Vive, saw virtual objects in filters Snapchat and gameplay Pokemon Go. In 2020, everything can change: companies are starting to understand what possibilities are provided by augmented reality technology when interacting with customers and modeling the virtual world is becoming more accessible.

A great contribution to the development of augmented reality could provide Apple. Bloomberg reportsthat in 2020 the company will introduce augmented reality glasses.

7. Blockchain

Blockchain technologies are predicting a great future for several years, but there are a couple of reasons to say that they will enter our daily lives in 2020. this year the planned launch of two projects designed to change the approach to the payment and transfer of money. This is Libra from Mark Zuckerberg and Gram from Pavel Durov. With their help to perform financial transactions directly through the messenger.


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