Advanced Arctic strategy of the United States is a step forward in the fight against Russia and China, but Washington at the same time noticeably inferior to Moscow and Beijing. It is reported by the Professor of the school of international studies at the Johns Hopkins University, USA Hal brands in an article for Bloomberg.
According to him, Russia is building up its power in the region, establishing control over the key sea routes, particularly over the Northern sea route. At the same time, China is also involved in the struggle for the Arctic, reflected in the initiative of "One belt and one road".
The Professor believes that the Bering Strait may become the Persian Gulf of the future, providing international experience to influence. The United States did not oppose Russia.
However, as explained brands, the US is starting to realize the importance of the Arctic. The Pentagon in response to activity of the Russian Federation is going to conduct in the region more exercise, plans to equip expeditionary brigade Marines, as well as strengthen cooperation with allies to ensure the security of Maritime routes.
However, as pointed out by American Professor, Washington may face problems in connection with the great chasm "between goals and resources."
Brands said that the Russian side has in the region of 14 icebreakers and six bases, the Chinese have fewer opportunities, but the country is actively working in this direction. The United States has two old ice breaker, suitable for use in the Arctic. In addition, the American infrastructure in the Arctic circle is outdated and requires huge financial injections.
The United States also may experience problems in the dialogue with the allies, as, for example, a fundamental view of Canada on account of the Northwest passage in the Arctic, which this country considers its territorial waters. At the same time, Washington is guided in relation to the way international law more favorable to his plans.
Another problem is the inconsistency of the strategy in the Arctic climate policies of the United States. Washington refuses to help the allies in this matter, however, relentlessly accuses China of climate change, claiming that undermine the competitiveness of the U.S. in the Arctic. Thus, the position of Washington puts the country at a disadvantage that will affect its future, says the Professor.