The initial version of the National strategy to secure cyberspace, presented by the US administration on 18 September 2002, has undergone significant changes. First of all, the changes affected the General context of the document so that it better reflect the core principles outlined in the new national security Strategy of the United States.
According to the new wording of the National strategy to secure cyberspace the United States reserves the right to pre-emptive actions in cyberspace against hostile States, if their policy is threatening or in the foreseeable future will threaten the national interests of the United States. In addition, the United States reserves the right to an adequate response in case of an attack on information systems of cyberspace, but not limited to legal issues and proceedings before the court for violation of the protection of information resources.
A significant part of the new edition of the document is devoted to issues of separation of powers to ensure security in cyberspace between the Department of homeland security, the CIA and the FBI. According to the new wording, the CIA and the FBI shall be responsible for neutralizing the activities of hostile States in cyberspace aimed at obtaining intelligence information. The Department of homeland security's responsibility ensure the smooth operation of computerized systems in various fields of critical infrastructure of the United States, namely in the water system, power grids, transport etc.
In the near future a major task will be the creation of a unified information network of databases and data of all 22 Federal agencies included in the Department of homeland security. The main efforts will be focused on the development of biometric authentication systems, software gathering and analysis of data (data mining) and development of geographic information systems.
On the solution of problems facing the Department of homeland security will also be addressed by the Government of the Association of electronics and information technology (GEITA), which plans in 2003 to spend about $ 74 billion for the development projects of information security and the development of the information infrastructure of the United States. In particular it is planned to spend $ 1.2 billion to build an automated tracking system for foreign nationals entering or residing in the US intended for the Service of immigration and naturalization.
The Pentagon also plans to spend in 2003 for about $ 10 million on the creation of a common database on terrorist organizations and individual terrorists. The project will be the Management of information interactions (Information Awareness Office) of the Agency defense advanced research (DARPA).
In General, it should be noted that after making changes, the revised National security strategy of cyberspace the United States has become more closely interrelated with two other fundamental documents defining the position of the US administration to the security issues national security Strategy and national strategy for homeland security, which also were adopted in 2002. The basic idea of all three documents is a departure from the concept of deterrence in favor of preventive strikes, as well as the dominant role of the US in all spheres of life of modern society, including the information sphere.
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