Probably, the lives of those who will read this text, is 99% dependent on gadgets and technology: devices the world has become more than people on the planet. The bulk of it falls on the populations of developed countries, and this imbalance is growing.
According to estimates by Cisco, the number of gadgets has exceeded the population in 2009. And the next step of technology development is quite logical was to be joined in one convenient system. Let's say you have two smartphones, but one you forgot at home. How to stored the necessary information? You forgot to turn off the light in the apartment, you want to know how much milk is left in the refrigerator or busy your pet while you are at work. To control it all and was invented by the Internet of things (IoT). In everyday language network to connect all your gadgets.
According to forecasts by International Data Corporation (IDC), worldwide spending on IoT in 2018 will reach $772,5 billion, which is 14.6% higher than the $674 billion spent in 2017. The total number of connected IoT devices is growing every year exponentially. According to Gartner, in 2009 there were 0.9 billion, and by the end of 2017 around the world, analysts counted 8.4 billion network-connected devices, which is 30% more than in 2016. By 2020 their number will reach 26 billion While experts of the analytical company claim that the number of devices connected to IoT, is growing faster than the number of smartphones.
IDC believes that in 2018, IoT will be the largest technological field, and in the first place cost ($239 billion) will be developing modules and sensors and infrastructure costs and security. Experts say if this growth continues, by 2020 the volume of investments in IoT will exceed $1 trillion.
Current solutions for IoT:
- command centers smart homes;
- sensors of security systems;
- Machine-to-Machine connections (technology of machine-to-machine interaction);
- software and cloud platform;
- energy-saving filters, and smart meters.
They should all contribute to reducing the cost of managing IoT systems, maintenance and utilities, to analyze the collected data and also to save electricity, for example, automatically turning off lighting and heating in unused rooms.
Smart solutions: platforms, services, filters
According to PwC, by 2025, only Russia will be sold about 7 million devices for "smart homes". Analysts believe that the highest potential of growth of consumption have products that allow to control and to reduce the consumption of electricity and water.
For example, Microsoft has created a cloud platform of Microsoft Azure IoT. In Sweden (this country is a world leader in renewable energy and sustainable development), the company Stockrose in conjunction with the provider of intelligent cloud solutions Eniga connected to Microsoft Azure IoT more than 250 buildings and 10,000 homes. According to estimates Stockrose, it will save $42 million in the next 10 years. In addition, the company Johnson Controls, one of the suppliers of equipment for heating, ventilation, air conditioning and building automation systems, began implementing Microsoft Azure IoT in the development of energy efficient methods of building management with Azure IoT services to improve the quality of work flow systems and air cooling.
Intel offers as one of the solutions temperature sensors for "smart homes". In the future, such thermo control system can be scaled up to entire cities. The company has developed the "processor-on-Board", a small powerful computing modules, Intel Galileo and Edison, which will be able to analyze the data with a specified frequency (e.g. once per second). Data collected from a large number of sensors will be stored in the cloud and access them will be open to all members of the network.
Although the market for smart home in Russia yet, the operators were showing interest and experimenting with products. For example, in 2017, "MegaFon" announced the launch of its project Life Control. The management platform for "smart home" can be connected, for example, security camera for home, GPS trackers for Pets and fitness trackers, sensors unauthorized opening of doors and sensors water leak managed with mobile apps. According to otchityvanie for three months has sold about 40 000 sets for smart home, and every month the sales doubled. The company has announced that it will promote the service in 46 cities of Russia, although, obviously, the audience of neophytes from new technologies is concentrated in the Central regions.
In this area also many growing companies and startups. For example, a domestic company "Tron systems" offers a visual interface based on a 3D model of a building integrated connections IoT systems. This software allows you to bind all the gadgets, sensors, and trackers to one platform for the convenience of the end user. Another trend on the market — combining blockchain technologies and energy saving functions. An example of this solution is EnesFilter. This device filters the current, stabilizes the voltage and optimizes the power consumption of all connected to the blockchain the platform "smart home" devices.
Safe smart house
After all the scandals with the data breach, the pressing question: how to ensure safe and efficient data transfer between devices? As device manufacturers and service providers can ensure that each new smart device will be securely connected to the network, functionally integrated into it and it does not violate the energy balance and the performance of each of its elements?
All data collected about a person by the smart home devices is collected and analysed, using machine learning technique learns from the behavior of his master, adjusting to his habits, and prospects of development of systems of "smart houses" inevitably touch on issues of personalization. Moreover, it is not just about the collection of personal data and security of their storage. A vulnerability in the security system runs the risk of data theft by hackers. When the transfer of encryption keys, causing public outcry, the data from IoT devices is unlikely to be an exception.
Moreover, we must not talk about the leak, but industrial cyber attacks. Hacking or crashing remote control of IoT devices in a smart home can the chain to cause and disturbances in the whole network. If devices and systems for IoT as a whole will not be protected from hacking, the effects of cyber attacks can be very big. Therefore, in parallel with the development of technology and need to develop systems to protect them.
One of the most effective solutions to this problem would be the blockchain. Due to the fact that all the information that is recorded and stored in the block chain cannot be edited, deleted, or substituted, a blockchain platform can be one of the most effective IoT technologies in security matters.
Safety in the implementations of the IoT should be a key component of the design and programming of devices. Specialists and developers of such networks must ensure that counter data is not stolen or replaced, to make the "smart home" not only really smart but also really safe.
- 16-01-2019The biggest danger 2019 — this is war
- 01-01-2019Subcommissie race
- 05-11-2018A Navy without ships. The Russian Navy is on the verge of collapse
- 07-04-2018Diversionary war against Russia
- 06-12-2017That can make science 600 billion dollars?
- 29-05-2012Drugs in the service of the Third Reich
- 12-09-2010Many experts believe the best tank Merkava main battle tank in the world
- 12-09-2010The Minister of defence of Germany introduced draft large-scale reform of the armed forces
- 21-04-2001To the question about the war of the fourth sphere