The anniversary dates associated with important events in national and world history – always at the same time a serious cause for scientific interpretation of what happened, to identify the link the past with the present and think about the future. World war that sadly marked the XX century and which has left an indelible mark in the history of humanity are felt in our days, and therefore deserve the sustained attention of researchers. Over the causes and consequences of those events, it is appropriate to think again considering the fact that recently marked the centenary of the First world war and the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Second world war. In may of 2020 will celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Victory of Soviet people in the great Patriotic war.
The present work was born out of this recognition of the authors the fact that it is wrong to consider war of the twentieth century independently from each other due to their inextricable relationship. We came to the conclusion that the origins of many of the tragic events of 1939-1945 and the further course of world history should be sought in the First world war and its results. Had to take into account the fact that in Russia this war for a long time because of various reasons was neglected , and not only society, but also the scientific community, which certainly prevented a holistic and unbiased understanding of world politics in the twentieth century.
As you know, about the First world war, its causes and consequences, says a lot. The results of the previous studies was taken into account in the present work. However, I will assume that the author's concept has a certain novelty and originality. The idea of the monograph is built on the the premise that the First world war marked a qualitative change in the political struggle, in the life of societies, the use of military force, is still not meaningful science. Moreover, the feature of the war was that for the first time in the confrontation involved the societies of the warring parties who find themselves fully involved in the fight.
The ruling circles of the warring parties in most cases were not ready for the situation. After the short euphoria of the first weeks of the war the authorities were unable to offer their societies, some of the ideals and what future they will have to fight, to endure hardship and to die. In fact, we face the problem of goal setting in the development of societies, tough exam done to their political organizations, and not all of them passed this test. As a result, in some countries, the apparent lack of long-term constructive state policies, perceived and shared by the ruling circles and major groups of companies. In protracted war, the disorientation and demoralization of societies in a fierce fight for the mass consciousness of the warring parties, which became the object of intense exposure by the enemy.
The result is dramatic, exhausting and bloody four-year struggle over a huge area, is that social and political organization of societies in several countries that until recently seemed immutable and eternal, not withstood the test of war. In these changed conditions and perceptions of future war, its place in politics, content, means of struggle, the targets, etc. As shown by the authors ' analysis, the lessons of the First world war has not lost its relevance and can be demanded in modern conditions the organization of life of societies, especially taking into account the possibility of emergencies and escalating struggle for public consciousness, to build a balanced public policies.
Given the fact that in the First world war, all societies for the first time in history was no residue involved in the fight, and the line between front and rear has virtually disappeared, that the people have made huge sacrifices in these circumstances continued to fight, in this work special attention is paid to the problem of information warfare, associated with the decay of morale and will to win from the enemy and, on the contrary, their maintenance in their countries.
World tragedy of 1914-1918 also contributed to the understanding of the fact that in the preceding period to the last war was not only the generals, the military community, than their traditionally accepted blame, but politicians and the people. Immediately after the war and under the impression of her were born the political concepts of a future war. In practice they were implemented in the interwar period and then during the Second world war.
The foregoing allows understand that the authors of this work do not pretend to a comprehensive analysis of the First world war, its manifestations and consequences and, therefore, give a report in a certain fragmentation of work done. Military-specific issues are not the subject of separate consideration in this work.
In an effort to concentrate on the life of society, maintaining their viability and the management of them, the creators of the book stated that this is the First world war and the subsequent course of historical events was poorly lit, and what was done left a lot of gaps. In the interest of filling this gap, the authors operate in a number of cases, new data and facts, and introduced into scientific circulation previously unknown in domestic science sources and literature.
We can not say a few words about the man without whom this book simply would not take place, - about Ignat Semenovich Danilenko.
The war and its consequences Ignat Semenovich saw and felt in childhood when he experienced the Nazi invasion and a boy helped Belarusian partisans. Therefore, in further the scientific understanding of war as a social, political phenomenon was inextricably linked with his personal feelings.
Ignat Semenovich realized that the origins of the world and other wars are found in human nature, in society and its political organization that societies qualitatively changed after the world wars. However, he constantly pondered the paradoxical question of why, despite all the ravages of war, humanity again and again is not able to prevent it, does not abandon it, and after it immediately begins to prepare for new wars.
In fact, Professor Danilenko made the creative team, which was to study an array of sources, many of which are written in foreign languages and unavailable to the majority of Russian researchers. It was necessary to try to understand how was going to war the societies of the conflicting parties, what and why happened to them in the course of self-destructive warfare, why the causes of the Second world war cannot be fully understood outside of the relationship with the world, what lessons should be taken of modern Russia and all the countries of the former Soviet Union, linked by a common historical destiny, interested in ensuring security and creating conditions for development. The idea of a monograph, its content and layout, the authors have discussed. The Professor Danilenko has not only set the momentum to the work on the monograph and coordinated it and made it a key summarizing the sections.
Unfortunately, Ignat Semenovich did not 5 January 2019, when work on the manuscript was almost complete. It seems to be submitted to the readers of the book will find its audience and become another indication of the longevity and relevance of a creative heritage of Professor Ignat Semenovich Danilenko.
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