It seems that the ongoing gas policy is a great game, in which global powers want to reshape this region, has on the economy of Pakistan. The United States and some Muslim countries participate in the competition, trying to change the political configuration of the region and force Pakistan to import gas from their preferred countries.
Great gas game around Pakistanese around, Iran, China and Russia oppose the U.S. and its allies as a United front and unwilling to strengthen the ties of Pakistan with Tehran whereas Washington is pressing Islamabad to buy gas for its domestic consumption in Qatar and Turkmenistan.
In the above script, in the process of creation there are two blocks – one of them includes Russia, Iran, Pakistan and China in the case that will begin the implementation of the project of the gas pipeline Iran-Pakistan (IP).
According to experts, the US wants to strengthen ties between Pakistan, Afghanistan and India by pushing them to work on the gas pipeline Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI).
This rivalry has put Pakistan in a difficult position, since it cannot ignore its pressing energy needs and must import gas to cope with crisis. The country seeks to transfer its power plants to cheaper gas to give impetus to distress the economy.
Major oil and gas companies that stand behind two blocks, also exert their influence and compete for a share in the multibillion-dollar contracts. Despite us-Iranian tensions, the role of these campaigns has not abated. American firm ConocoPhillips received a stake in the shared gas field of Qatar and Iran from where liquefied natural gas (LNG) is exported to the world market.
In scenarios in which Iran and Qatar operate a common field, it is interesting that the US pushes Pakistan to ensure that the selected import gas from Qatar and natural gas deal with Iran was shelved.
For signing the agreement, Pakistan is going to discuss the price of LNG in the upcoming talks in Doha. Although Qatar has specifically authorized the company Qatar Gas, supplier of gas will be ConocoPhillips.
"Former U.S. Secretary of state is a member of the Board of Directors of ConocoPhillips and aid Pakistan and Qatar to reach an agreement," said a senior government official.
ConocoPhillips with headquarters in Houston (TX) has worked in 30 countries and owns a 30 percent share of oil and gas reserves being developed in the framework of the project Qatar Gas III stationed near the border with Iran deposits "North", from where LNG will be delivered to Pakistan.
TAPI or IP
Iran, Turkmenistan and Qatar are three major gas supplier in the world. In the agreement on the TAPI participating countries as a transactional Advisor who will help with fundraising for the project, chose the Asian development Bank (ADB).
Turkmenistan does not allow foreign companies to play a role in contracts for the development of gas fields, but presented companies from the U.S. the swap, offering offshore fields. In the final list of contenders were two American companies – Chevron and ExxonMobil – and now they are waging a vigorous struggle for the contract on construction of gas pipeline TAPI worth billions of dollars.
Although the United States claimed that they always help Pakistan to cope with energy shortages, the tension between Iran, Saudi Arabia, USA and Israel has put the IP pipeline in jeopardy.
Russia and China, who were very interested in the project can't support the loans. Chinese Bank withdrew from financing the project due to the risk of falling under American sanctions and Moscow has got obstacles in the form of political and civil bureaucracy in Pakistan.
World powers wage the war the price of gas imports of Pakistan. The government should take a firm stand and to take a bold decision like the European Union, which built the gas pipeline from Russia to meet domestic needs despite the fierce resistance of the US. The economy will collapse if the country's interests will be compromised permission to foreign States to intervene
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