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European missile defense and contra In Romania opened the first terrestrial object to US missile defense in Europe
Material posted: Publication date: 13-05-2016
On the Romanian military base in Deveselu Thursday, the ceremony of putting on combat duty of the American ballistic missile defence system (BMD) system, Aegis Ashore. NATO officials and the Pentagon hastened to assure that the property is not directed against Russia, but Moscow is convinced of the opposite. Senior Russian diplomats told “Kommersant” that the greatest threat I see to the lack of guarantees against further expansion of missile capabilities and the fact that defense system at any time can be converted into offensive. Kommersant's source in NATO denies these assumptions, but to prevent Russian troops on the object is not ready: between Russia and NATO too badly soured relations.

As told "Kommersant" Director of the Department for non-proliferation and arms control, the Russian foreign Ministry Mikhail Ulyanov, the strategic objects of this level open the borders of the country "for the first time since the cold war. From now on, built in the 1950s, with the help of Soviet engineers the base to guard the skies over the territory of NATO will be 24 interceptor missile SM-3. They have a range to 500 km. System operated by radar type AN/SPY-1 and is able to receive data from the radars of the other bases and ships. The cost to deploy missile defense system in Romania was $800 million, and further support will go to $20 million a year. To pay for all will be the United States.

Present at the ceremony, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and Prime Minister of Romania Dacian Ciolos, as well as the Deputy head of the Pentagon Robert Wark stressed several times that the system is in any case not directed against Russia. "The system we create is purely defensive,— said the NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.— We can't use it for offensive purposes, even if he wanted to."

According to the Secretary General of NATO, the protection of Europe requires from threats outside the Euro-Atlantic space". "As long as Iran continues to develop ballistic missiles, the United States will work with its partners on the protection of NATO and all our allies against this threat," explained Robert Wark.

In Moscow did not believe in it. Press Secretary of the foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova called open database and the General plans for missile defense in Europe (European missile defense) "a violation of the INF Treaty (the intermediate and shorter-range missiles.— "Kommersant")". The President's press Secretary Dmitry Peskov noted that the complex interceptors "undoubtedly, is a threat to Russia." Tougher all expressed the head of the Duma Committee on defense Vladimir Komoedov. "Not even a hundred, two hundred, three hundred, a thousand percent all of this is aimed against us," he said. They are on the firing line. In addition to the detection systems they have already put missile". He, however, added that in case of necessity, Russia is able to overcome this defense system.

The Russian deterrence potential of the Romanian missile a serious threat really can not imagine. As of March 1 of the current year in Moscow there were 521 strategic support from 1735 warheads. None of the existing in the world of missile defense systems to neutralize this potential is not capable.

According to Mikhail Ulyanov, it is impossible to determine when the US and NATO will consider the level of protection of Europe is sufficient. "Today, the operational readiness is base in Romania, tomorrow will lay the first stone for the construction of a similar base in Poland," he said "Kommersant".— And then there are the ships that will be free to swim in all seas, including the Black, Barents and Baltic. And the U.S. refuses to discuss any restrictions". The deployment of missile defense in Romania — a step in the so-called European phased adaptive approach, which Barack Obama announced on 17 September 2009. According to him, a comprehensive European missile defense system created by the Pentagon in three stages from 2011 through 2018 and combines ground ABOUT the ship. Upon completion of the third stage, in 2019, Europe will be to protect bases in Poland and Romania, as well as 43 ships with Aegis systems. The number of simultaneously ready to launch interceptor missiles by this time should reach 267.

Russia is concerned about the possibility of rapid conversion of the placed anti-missile systems attacking. "The deployment of the Aegis Ashore facilities universal launchers MK-41, capable of launching medium-range missiles, the United States seriously undermine the INF Treaty",— told "Kommersant" Russia's permanent representative to NATO Alexander Grushko. "Such plants have already been used for many years naval forces of the United States for launches from the ships Tomahawk cruise missiles,"— adds Mikhail Ulyanov. These ballistic missiles, in particular, were used for strikes on Iraq in 2003 and Libya in 2011. On INF Treaty signed by the USSR and the USA in 1988, the country pledged not to produce, not to test and not to deploy land-based missiles like Tomahawk. Their use has since been limited to aerial and marine use, but in case you need to LOB missiles from U.S. ships at the base in Deveselu will not be difficult.

The Russian leadership is inclined to consider the Romanian base in a broader context. "The location of missile bases in Romania and Poland cannot be separated from the General military activity of NATO on the Eastern flank of the Alliance, Alexander Grushko believes. The assumption that Iran will be bombed Rome or Warsaw, it seems implausible to experts. "They're not crazy, they understand that this will entail the activation of the 5th article of the NATO Treaty that an attack on one country would be an attack on all,— says Mikhail Ulyanov.— With the same success can be about any country to say that there can suddenly be a regime change and they can all start to shoot."

Kommersant's source in NATO has denied Russian suspicions. "As for our long-term plans, here we are, unlike Russia, a place of openness— he said "Kommersant".— We invite Moscow on all our exercises, and the deployment of the European missile defense system were known from the very beginning of the project." He also rejected the idea that interceptors can be replaced with shock rockets. "So you can do anything you want to assume,— said the representative of NATO.— Most importantly, what you should know: the system is not directed against Russia and on the technical characteristics would not represent for her a threat at any stage". But the idea of granting the Russian military access to the database of the Romanian NATO spokesman was sceptical. "It could be discussed in a different environment," he said.— But Russia broke off with us all cooperation, in addition to the narrowly military. In the present circumstances, to that extent we do not see the advantages".

According to a senior source “b” in the defense Ministry, in case of need Moscow reserves the right of withdrawal from the Treaty on strategic weapons. However, while such a radical reaction to the deployment of us missile defense in Europe is not expected. Although a potential threat to Russian missiles, according to the defense Ministry, is still there. According to the Russian military, it comes from both of us missiles SM-3 Block IIA, which began in 2015, throwing test, and from the perspective of the SM-3 Block IIB. However, the strategic rocket forces lay in modern armaments tactical and technical requirements, able to guarantee overcome the US missile defense.

Michael Korotkov, Ivan Safronov


Tags: USA , Europe , NATO

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