The war in Syria, which has lasted almost six years, claimed nearly 500 lives, 12 million people were forced to leave their homes. President Bashar al-Assad fails to end the armed conflict and to regain control over the entire territory of the country.
However, the capture of Eastern Aleppo by government forces in December was a turning point in the Syrian crisis. After Russia, Turkey and Iran signed a cease-fire, failed to evacuate civilians. Despite the fact that Moscow, Ankara and Tehran will have to solve a lot of problems, this new diplomatic path offers the best opportunity to reduce the level of violence in Syria.
In Iraq, the fight against terrorists of the Islamic state have undermined the ability of authorities to govern the country, caused massive destruction and divided the Kurdish and Shiite political parties competing factions and armed militias, who fight each other for resources. The operation to liberate Mosul, conducted with the support of the United States can end in failure if you make the wrong move, writes FP.
Divided by the conflict in the Donbass, and crippled by corruption Ukraine is moving towards further uncertainty. Kiev frightened by rumors that the U.S. may cancel anti-Russian sanctions, says the author. Ukrainian leader Petro Poroshenko is rapidly losing the support of the West because of the unwillingness (or inability) to undertake promised economic reform and to get rid of corruption. The problems of the President of Ukraine could worsen if this year will be held parliamentary elections in which support will receive a Pro-Russian party, said the author of the material.
Armed conflict and political instability in Afghanistan poses a serious threat to security in the world. The Taliban are reinforcing their positions, and the militants continue attacks on Shias. The weakness of the Afghan forces can lead to the fact that the militants will seize the territory left without control.
The war in Yemen has led to a humanitarian catastrophe: millions of people were on the brink of starvation, about four thousand civilians were killed, mainly as a result of airstrikes of the coalition headed by Saudi Arabia. If the conflict is resolved, it can interfere with terrorist groups such as al Qaeda and ISIS, the article says.
The conflict between Turkey and "Kurdistan workers 'party" erupted from the end of the truce in July 2015.
Furthermore, regularly choose Turkey as a target of the militants. The last attack occurred in Istanbul in new year's eve is the tragedy claimed the lives of 39 people.
Tensions between Mexico and the United States seems inevitable after promises elected President of the USA of Donald trump to build the southern border wall and deport millions of illegal immigrants and terminate the North American free trade agreement.
The area of the Sahel and the lake Chad basin remains one of the most dangerous hotspots in the world due to settled there terrorist groups. So, in 2016, the jihadists made several attacks on the West, Niger, Burkina Faso and côte d'ivoire. In the region remained active, al-Qaeda, in addition, security forces of Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad continue their fight against Boko Haram. The fight against terrorism, which still does not bring the proper fruits, is threatening to lead to a humanitarian disaster, which in turn can result in a bloody revolt, writes FP.
Democratic Republic of Congo is suffering from a political crisis: President Joseph Kabila has not yet signed an agreement, under which he must resign after the election, that is, until the end of 2017. Clashes between security forces and opponents of the incumbent over the past few months has claimed the lives of dozens of people. If the elections are postponed again, the violence will continue, the author of the material.
After three years of civil war, this young country is still plagued by numerous conflicts the number of internally displaced people reached 1.8 million people. About 1.2 million left the country. The turning point was outlined in December 2015, when the peace agreement was signed, but in July it was broken. The diplomatic efforts of the UN security Council intended to place the country's corps of peacekeepers, however, it is unlikely this will avoid further escalation.
The new government of Myanmar led by Nobel peace prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi promised that the peace and national reconciliation will be his top priorities. However, the recent violence has jeopardized efforts to end the armed conflict that lasted almost 70 years.
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