eye all attention is focused on the nuclear rhetoric between North Korea and the United States, on the distant Himalayan ranges quietly unfolds the conflict between India and China with the same high stakes. In the past two months, Indian and Chinese troops faced on the plateau in the Himalayas in intense proximity, the dispute caused by the actions of the Chinese military. They want to build a road into the territory, a claim which was expressed by the closest ally of India Bhutan.
India has offered both sides to retreat, and its foreign Minister told Parliament that the dispute can be resolved only through dialogue. However, China strongly defended the right claimed for the construction of roads in the area Declam he also said claims.
Since then, as the argument began, the Ministry of foreign Affairs of China almost daily publishes an angry stream of convictions in India and its "unlawful interference" and "recklessness", as well as requirements that new Delhi withdraw its troops, "if you want to contribute to the world." Clashes and brawls between the two countries occur along the long-2220-mile border, India and China — much of which remains controversial — although the army did not shoot at each other over half a century.
Analysts say that this new round in the dispute is a more worrisome because it came at a time when relations between the two nuclear powers deteriorated, and China is considering this issue as a direct threat to its territorial integrity. For the first time such a conflict involves a third country — the tiny Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan. Analysts say that remains a potential threat of dangerous collisions in other places on the difficult mountainous border. On Tuesday morning there were clashes between Indian and Chinese patrols, they exchanged blows near the lake in Ladackom the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, according to local reports. "Too arrogant to exclude the escalation," said Shashank Joshi, an analyst at the Royal United Services Institute in London. "This is the most serious crisis in relations between India and China for 30 years."
The confrontation also reflects the geopolitical competition between the most populous countries of Asia. As China strengthens Islands in the South China sea and its impact through ambitious infrastructure projects across the continent, its dominance in Asian Affairs is growing, as well as his unwillingness to tolerate rivals. Many believe India last counterweight. "The most significant challenge for India comes from the rise of China, and there is no doubt that China will seek to reduce the strategic space of India by penetrating into the regions of India. We now see it," said the former foreign Minister of India, Shri Shyam Saran at an event in new Delhi.
The incident began in mid-June, when a detachment of the people's liberation army, the PLA, went to a remote plateau inhabited mostly Bhutanese herders — with earth-moving machines and other equipment and "tried to build a road," — said in a statement the Ministry of foreign Affairs of India. They were opposed by a patrol of the Royal Bhutanese army, Indian soldiers pitched there a tent two days later. India and Bhutan — a country with a population of slightly less than 800 thousand people — have long had a special relationship, which includes military support and 578 million USD of assistance to Bhutan. India said that the road would help the Chinese troops closer to the strategically important Siliguri corridor, known as the "chicken neck", a narrow strip of land that separates northeast India from the rest of the country. China claimed more than 270 soldiers of the border of India, carrying weapons and control the two bulldozers, "roughly crossed the border" and moved 100 yards to the territory of China.
The roots of distrust between the two peoples date back to the Indian decision to shelter the Dalai Lama in 1959, when the spiritual leader fled Tibet during the uprising there, and to invade China during a brief border war in 1962. There was a significant deterioration of relations after India in 2005 signed a nuclear cooperation agreement with the United States and strengthened relations between the two big democracies. In 2014, Narendra modi took office as the most Pro-China Prime Minister of India in 1962, he sought not only to emulate the economic progress of China, but also to attract Chinese investment, analysts say. But he found that the Chinese President XI Jinping is an unreliable partner, because China blocked a statement about India joining the nuclear suppliers group and blocked attempts to declare the Pakistani militant Masood Azhar a terrorist in the United Nations.
When a comprehensive initiative of China's "One belt, one road" added economic corridor through the part in the Pakistan Kashmir region claimed by India, tension increased dramatically. Modi boycotted a major summit in Beijing, which launched a plan to create the project this year. Meanwhile, India alarmed China in allowing the Dalai Lama to visit the important Buddhist monastery in the northeastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh this year. Beijing claims that this region is part of Tibet. "India suffered and supported the Tibetan separatists, Tibetan allowing independent groups to create a "government in exile" in India," said long Sinchon, Director of the Centre for Indian studies in the West pedagogical University of China in Manicure.
Two months later, several hundred Indian and Chinese troops remain on a plateau, and there is a real threat of violence. Xu Guanghui, major General retired, said that China is preparing to displace the Indian forces, if new Delhi did not retreat, but hoped that the goal of China can be realized without bloodshed. "We will not shoot first. We say very clearly about it, and this indicates the sincerity of China," he said. "But will decide not China. Will there be a war, depends on Indians. However, if they fired first, they lose control and initiative." According to Joshi, watching the escalation in relations with China, India has taken many steps to preparedness, including increased willingness to combat alert several departments that involves the movement of two mountain divisions in the direction of the region and giving the troops the opportunity to begin the acclimatisation to great heights. "Obviously, there are a set of measures that they have taken more caution to protect themselves from the unexpected attack of China," said Joshi.
Annie Gowen (By Annie Gowen), Simon Denyer (Simon Denyer)
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