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National Interest: the cost of the army is not bankrupt Russia, as it was with the USSR
One of the reasons why the Soviet Union collapsed, was the fact that Moscow did not cope with financial stress, trying to compete with USA in the arms race, writes Michael Peck in his article for The National Interest. However, this time, though, Russia is again immersed in an ambitious program of modernization of weapons, it is unlikely again because it will go bankrupt, the author notes.
The experts analyzed the new State armament programme until 2027, took it as a continuation of the current one that expires in 2020. It will cost 19 trillion rubles, and though it is rather big sum for a country whose GDP is less than Canada, yet it is quite permissible, the author writes. Especially since it is more modest than was included in the previous plan, calculated until 2020, and at the same time, given inflation, the burden on the budget will be even less.
Program until 2020 was successful because it managed to modernize weapons of the Soviet era, including su-34 and T-72 tanks and T-90. However, not quite recovered from the lack of money in 90-e years, Russian industry has failed to demonstrate much success in the development of new models. In this respect, the new program should give great results. According to experts, are allocated to new capital, higher wages attract young and more skilled workers, and production switches over to serial work.
According to experts, in the new period, the priority will be the purchase of systems that enhance mobility and deployment, especially in the airborne troops and special operations Forces, as well as systems, improving logistics and integration of the various armed forces. According to the experts Chatham House, the new programme will focus also on improving the systems of command and control — including in the field of information gathering, surveillance and reconnaissance — for development of capabilities of conducting network-centric warfare.
The author notes the fact that the new program until 2027,"may put the final nail in the coffin of Soviet military methods". He is referring to the fact that Russia is trying to move away from the Soviet logic of mass production and focus on quality over quantity. Work in this direction is from 2010 years, and in the end, it is expected that the new programme will be purchased a higher quality modernized system, and additional emphasis will be placed on the standardization and optimization of existing systems, the author writes.
The Russian military has yet to overcome a number of difficulties, to modernize and replace many of the old Soviet system. So manufacturers will have to focus on the satisfaction of the military requirements, not on new technologies, the end result is more advanced but not very advanced system, experts say. Although Russia as a result of implementation of this plan and will feel more confident in matters of self-defense, of defending its interests on its borders, in placing a fairly small forces abroad, it will still be far from its direct competitors, heralds The National Interest.
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