Yesterday in Moscow took place the anniversary summit of the collective security Treaty. It was attended by the heads of all seven post-Soviet countries, included in this structure - Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Despite the fact that the CSTO has been published now for twenty years, and the territory of the organization member States is almost a sixth of the planet, its purpose continues to remain a mystery - including, it seems, and for the participants.
Parquet nature of the event was read throughout. Normally such summits and so end up not making very clear document, however, the CSTO countries, which, for a moment, when creation was positioned as a counterweight to the North Atlantic Alliance, this time managed to outdo themselves. From the final Declaration, approved by the congregation in the Kremlin by the presidents, will not get even a gram of texture. The document, reported by the media, the heads of state reaffirmed their dedication to the purposes and principles of the collective security Treaty, their readiness to intensify and develop allied relations in the sphere of countering threats to stability and security and inter-ethnic challenges, as well as in the military, military-technical and foreign policy spheres".
Under these formulations, of course, may hide some global decisions that can affect the balance of power in the former Soviet Union, some new challenges to the West, but the 20-th year experience "activities" of the CSTO shows that, most likely, behind these words there is nothing but wasted them on paper.
Comments of the participants were soaked in the same amorphous style. Russian President Vladimir Putin: "we held a meeting in narrow format, we had a very Frank discussion, exchange of opinions on current international issues"; the presidency in the CSTO the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev: "We have discussed issues of further strengthening of collective measures in the field of security, including combating modern threats and challenges, primarily emanating from Afghanistan. In addition, the subject of discussion was the situation in the Middle East, Western Asia, North Africa, including developments in Syria and around the Iranian nuclear problem". Little is clear, but Putin and Nazarbayev was satisfied.
No, actually, don't expect members of the Organization for no reason suddenly will load their offspring some specific task, and yet this meeting was particularly depressing, apparently in connection with the jubilee and the lack of prospects for the future.
Over the past twenty years, the CSTO has had plenty of opportunity, to somehow justify their existence. In 2005, a riot broke out in Andijan, Uzbekistan, however, at that time suspended its membership in the organization. But in the same year there was the "Tulip" revolution in Kyrgyzstan, when President Askar Akayev, the most faithful supporter of post-Soviet integration, was forced to flee the country. It would seem that the CSTO chance to prove themselves, especially in Kyrgyzstan and a Russian military base there. But in response - silence, as if no military unit. But it could at least protect Bishkek from looters.
And after the events in Kyrgyzstan, given that this scheme has worked in Georgia and Ukraine, as one of the main tasks of the organization proclaimed it the struggle against "color revolutions". That, however, did not prevent the participating countries once again to stay away, when in 2010, again in Kyrgyzstan as a result of mass riots, accompanied by human casualties, again changed the power. Although by that time have already been created (at least on paper) Collective rapid reaction force (CRRF) of the CSTO.
The war in South Ossetia in 2008 and the smoldering Karabakh conflict, even though they were involved, the CSTO member States also remained beyond the scope of the Organization's activities, which could at least formally to declare its existence. But what to say about the effectiveness of the military structure, even if the players - Uzbekistan and Tajikistan - are still in a position effectively declared a cold war?
So it is not very clear, what events await the participants of the CSTO, to finally demonstrate what was invented this abbreviation. Is the invasion of NATO troops in Belarus? Doubtful. However, in addition to the CRRF in the framework of the Belarus and Russia has created a Unified regional air defense system, which is regarded as our response "they are even" ABOUT. The latter, incidentally, the participants of the anniversary summit has remembered a bad word. In the summit Declaration mentioned that "the unilateral deployment of elements of missile defense could harm stability in Europe". In this connection, the CSTO member States decided to support Russia's initiative on a Treaty on European security, providing for "consolidation in international law of the principles of indivisible and equal security for all States of the Euroatlantic region".
The only one who seem to does not lose hope to turn the CSTO into something sensible, remains President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, who, following their left, apparently, since the Soviet era ideals, and in the Russian-Belarusian Union believed until recently. At the summit in Moscow Lukashenka suggested increasing the efficiency of the organization through further improvement of the KSOR, although immediately leveled and their initiative is absolutely illogical statement that, say, the CSTO has moved beyond the classic defense block and is now ready to respond to almost any threat. On the other hand, the similar point of view, it is unclear on what basis, and adheres to his Russian counterpart. According to Putin, the CSTO's role in the world "will continue to increase." Well, only if you start from scratch.
And yet this meeting has brought some small bit of good. According to the Director of the Institute of CIS Constantine Zatulin, which leads the newspaper "Vedomosti", the presidents of the CSTO finally felt that the Kremlin is back "big boss", who for the sake of post-Soviet Affairs refused to even from the summit of "Big eight".
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