In the early years of Western invasion of Afghanistan, Putin's Russia has supported the international coalition. According to the U.S. Department of defense, until 2012, Russia gave permission for flights over its territory is more than 2,200 flights, transportation 45 thousand containers and 379 thousand military. These figures clearly demonstrate the fruitful cooperation between the two poles of the world, at least until the end of the era of Obama. Things began to change with the onset of the crisis in Syria and the beginning of the civil war in Ukraine: from the moment the Russians decided to suspend the use of its bases by coalition forces of NATO. This decision was taken simultaneously with the awakening of interest of Moscow to Afghanistan, mainly to the evolution of the conflict, in particular, this concerned the us military presence and the appearance of the front of the "Islamic state" (declared a terrorist organization and banned in Russia — approx. ed.) on Afghan territory. The threat of ISIS did in fact need a very powerful opening channels of communication between the Kremlin and the Taliban, which is the main interlocutor in the settlement of the conflict with Afghanistan.
Russia cannot ignore Afghanistan for various reasons. First, the reason for this is the strengthening of its internal security, which for Russia, as for any other superpower frequently transformirovalsya interference in other countries. Afghanistan is bordered by Tajikistan, Moscow's ally, with whom it shares the most important military bases, but it is mainly a zone of strengthening of Islamism that represents a very serious threat to Moscow. Promotion of the "Islamic state" in Afghanistan is a threat that cannot be underestimated, and that Iran began to cooperate with the Taliban, despite the violence that took place in recent years against Shiite community, proves that this problem was more serious than it seems at first glance. Interest in Afghanistan, therefore, primarily means striving to ensure that the southern border in Central Asia is not exposed to danger from the radical Islamists of ISIS, who want to establish a Caliphate in Khorasan after the defeat in Syria and Iraq.
There are also economic reasons that should not be underestimated. Afghanistan is an integral part of the axis "North-South" of Central Asia. For Russia and its Asian allies to contain the threat of ISIS and to establish confidential contacts with the Taliban means to guarantee the fundamental opening of trade routes connecting these States with the Indian ocean and the Persian Gulf, to which otherwise she will not have any output. This is important: access to these two seas opens in turn the door to important trading routes in the world and means a huge increase in import / export of raw materials, semi-finished and finished products. Control over the North and South of Afghanistan in the hands of the Taliban, maintaining relations of cooperation with the government of Kabul means, thus, for Russia and its partners gain access to trade routes and important geo-economic axis.
To these must be added the obvious importance of a war scenario that follows the clash of strategies between the US and Russia. The United States, especially with trump at the head, intend to take over Afghanistan in order to finally settle the score with the war depleting the U.S. army for over 16 years. The President of America has never stated that he supported the involvement of their country in Afghanistan, but the growing political weight of the Pentagon surrounded by White house dispels doubt, at least in the U.S. interest in this matter. The decision to reset the infamous MOAB (Mother of All Bombs mother of all bombs) almost simultaneously with the conference on Afghanistan, sponsored by was Moscow, and joined by Afghanistan, China, India, Iran and Pakistan, it seems unequivocal message about how the Pentagon is interested in maintaining its leadership in a future conflict. Russia intends to limit the American presence once again coming into conflict waged by the United States, the role of power, able to ensure the reconciliation of different groups.
In this regard, the fact that Russia has established diplomatic relations with the Taliban and Kabul, the evidence is definitely in favor of Moscow: on the one hand, everyone knows that the Taliban will need sooner or later to enter into a compromise; on the other hand, it is obvious that in the medium term, the conflict is resolved and therefore, we need a controlled chaos, not to threaten Russian interests. In the existing circumstances, China and Iran approve of this political line. And that, and another state need stability in Afghanistan, they need to "Islamic state" was as far as possible from their borders and curbing American influence. That is a big difference between the Western and the Eurasian block in the vision. The West seems in recent years, a block that can provoke chaos rather than to develop a long-lasting strategy. Russia, China and Iran, by contrast, are represented by States with broad vision, they are able to Woo Asian countries and countries emerging from painful conflicts.
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