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After 16 years of war, Afghanistan remains the world's largest supplier of heroin
Material posted: Publication date: 31-08-2017
Monday, August 21, the US President, Donald trump has announced a number of significant changes in U.S. strategy in Afghanistan, but the longest war in U.S. history impossible to win without a fight against narco-terrorism. After 16 years of war, which were spent billions of dollars, the share of Afghanistan still account for 75% of the world's supply of heroin, and in this region still recorded the highest concentration of terrorist groups. Moreover, Afghanistan is one of the main thoroughfares on which the world's largest groups of drug traffickers have a direct support for Islamist terrorism. While the US can not cope with this problem, trump will not be able to fulfill his promise to win.

Narco-terrorism is a term that describes the relationship between drug traffickers and terrorists. Narco-terrorism manifests itself in four different forms: 1) drug dealers who take part in terrorist activities to support the drug trade; 2) terrorists who sell drugs to Finance their operations; 3) organizations equally interested in the drug trade and terrorist activities; 4) drug dealers and terrorists who actively support each other.

Nangarhar province in Afghanistan has become the epicentre of this black market. Here there is a close symbiotic relationship between the heroin dealers and terrorist groups like Haqqani and the Taliban (terrorist group forbidden in the territory of the Russian Federation — approx. ed.). Drug dealers give part of its revenue from the sale of drugs to the Taliban as "zakat" is a mandatory donation, which is one of the five pillars of Islam. The Taliban commanders are also asking the heroin dealers to buy weapons and ammunition and allow militants to stay in the laboratories, before it attacks.

In exchange for such assistance, the Taliban protects the laboratory for the production of heroin from the Afghan police and military. The Taliban intimidates and kills Afghan citizens, who agree to cooperate with the authorities and takes an active Jihad against the Afghan government, creating an environment in which thrive on drug trafficking and terrorism.

According to the Administration on control over application of laws on drugs, about 37% of all the terrorist groups are anyhow connected with the illegal drug trade. In the last few years this Agency together with the Afghan police pursued the largest narco-terrorists became, using a relatively new Federal law. In 2006 USA adopted the Federal law on the fight against narco-terrorism, which made illegal participation in drug trafficking with the aim of providing material support to terrorist organisations and persons linked to terrorist activities.

The first person convicted under this new law, became Khan Mohammed (Mohammed Khan), a citizen of Afghanistan from Nangarhar province who was both a drug dealer and a member of the Afghan Taliban. "Let God right now will destroy them [infidels], and we are also going to exterminate them. With drugs or with weapons is our common goal," he said, and his words caught on tape. Mohammed was arrested in 2006, after the Administration for control over application of laws on drugs and a unit of the Afghan police in counter-narcotics conducted a joint investigation. He was taken to the USA where he was found guilty on charges of drug trafficking and narco-terrorism. He received two life sentences.

Bahco Haji (Haji Bagcho), one of the world's largest drug dealers, a heroin lab in Nangarhar province. The share of the it organization accounted for approximately 20% of the world supply of heroin, as evidenced by the data of the UN office on drugs and crime. In one 12-month period, Haji Bahco managed to sell 123 thousand kilograms of heroin, whose wholesale value amounted to 261 million dollars, and "street" cost billions of dollars.

Haji Bahco transferred money and weapons to the Taliban leadership, urging him to oust the "infidels" out of Afghanistan, and forced the farmers to grow more opium to "we can make heroin to kill the infidels." He was convicted of drug trafficking and narco-terrorism, was sentenced to life imprisonment and imposed a fine in the amount of 254 million dollars. Although the charges of narco-terrorism was later removed, Haji Bagco is still in prison for drug trafficking.

According to the report of the UN office on drugs and crime 2016, the share of Afghanistan accounts for two thirds of the world's land dedicated to poppy cultivation. According to the report, in 2015, Afghanistan produced 77% of world production of heroin, and the province of Nangarhar is one of the main heroin of the provinces of Afghanistan. According to the report, in 2017, about half of their income to the Taliban from the drug trade.

Farmers in Nangarhar province cultivated opium poppy, from which they receive opium, which they then sell to brokers. Brokers sell it to groups that have secret laboratories located in the mountains. That's where the opium is converted into morphine and heroin. Traders call the most pure heroin "spin mal". This clean injecting heroin sold worldwide, including in the United States.

It is worth noting that among the police, customs officials and politicians in Afghanistan is a very high level of corruption. Many Afghan officials have contacts in the Afghan Taliban, the Pakistani Taliban and the Haqqani network. This level of corruption promotes flowering as drug trafficking and terrorism.

For many years, coalition forces fought the terrorists in this region of Tora Bora, where Osama bin Laden was hiding after the September 11 attacks, located in the mountains Spinger in the South of Nangarhar. In April, the U.S. dumped heavy duty high-explosive bombs on the tunnel complex of the Islamic state (a terrorist group banned in Russia — approx. ed.) in Nangarhar. However, this question still remains open.

The new strategy of the President of trump in South Asia should assume full fight American forces against terrorist groups, but it must also include the fight against narco-terrorism. Any attempt to defeat the "Islamic state", the Haqqani network, the Taliban and other terrorist groups will be successful only if the United States will destroy the narco-terrorists became in Nangarhar province and throughout the region. But so far it remains unclear how the US will be able to achieve this.

Jeffrey James Higgins


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