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Quiet reform: Ashraf Ghani changes the army alone
Material posted: Publication date: 21-02-2018
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has come under criticism of their domestic opponents, taking a unilateral decision to dismiss 164 of the representative officers of the army of the Islamic Republic. The explanation, according to which the purge was conducted in order to security sector reform, did not convince the opposition. The step taken by Ghani, has once again raised the question of whether the broad powers of the head of the Afghan state.

"We want to reform to win the war. We don't want reform for the sake of reforms. This process will continue for our future," said the President, commenting on his decision to dismiss 164 of the representative of the high-ranking officers of the Afghan army. The press service of Ghani say that on the background of the cleaning personnel in the defense Ministry received thousands of applications from graduates of military educational institutions with the request for acceptance for work. The same generals who have been subjected to dismissal, was not involved in the daily work, say in Kabul. "They were almost not involved in the work of the Ministry and were waiting, – said the press-Secretary of the Ministry of defense dawlat Vaziri. Now the Agency was able to provide work for youth".

Discussions about the need to reform the security forces of the Islamic Republic being a long time, however, the proponents of change would prefer to have these changes within the army and other agencies related to security, was coordinated with the participation of the legislative branch.

The latter solution Gani was evidence of the desire to work in isolation. Despite the fact that any reform seems logical on the background of the recent bloody attacks in Kabul, the President came under a barrage of fierce criticism for the dismissal of Afghan generals. So, the current Governor of Balkh province, Atta Mohammad Nur expressed confidence in the President, publicly with the best of intentions, "noisy hatching a plan." The opposition once again raises the question of whether the enormous powers of the President and about the necessity of constitutional reforms. Opponents say: the head of state has no right to make unilateral decisions. Observers believe that further steps in the rearmament of the army will be also "quiet".

One of the first plans of the official Kabul to conduct personnel purges in the military leadership wrote the portal "Afghanistan.Ru". It was part of the project of pension reform. The bill included a provision that the service must leave all officers over 55 years of age. The experts drew attention to the fact that Afghan security forces could leave a whole layer of people who were associated with the people's democratic party of Afghanistan (PDPA) and "the Mujahideen".

Subsequently, before the bill entered Parliament, the Afghan MPs and other representatives of political circles were opposed to the reforms, bringing down the President to severe criticism. The adoption of the law has stalled, but obviously, the President has not abandoned his plans.

The initiatives to reform the Afghan army and the Russian aspect. Reports on the pension reform bill appeared almost simultaneously with the official plans of Kabul on the elimination of weapons of Soviet and Russian origin, who was in the Afghan army. And do cleaning staff, as already noted "Afghanistan.Ru" was supposed to focus on those high-ranking military circles, which were prepared by Soviet specialists. It is this layer of people, as noted by observers, may be sympathetic to Russian policy in Central Asia.

Everything suggests that the relationship between Russia and Afghanistan are far from normalization – even given the fact that the Ministry of foreign Affairs said recently about the planned visits of high-ranking officials of the Islamic Republic in Moscow. One example of the tension remains the incessant accusations against the Russian leadership: Kabul ascribes to him the aid of the Taliban. So, last week, the head of Afghan intelligence Masoom Stanekzai accused Russia of supporting the Taliban, noting that Moscow and Tehran are doing to counter the "Islamic state" (banned in Russia). Earlier, the Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia Igor Morgulov rejected such accusations. At the same time, it must be noted that the Russian side recognized that in the struggle with supporters of the self-proclaimed "Caliphate" the interests of the Taliban and Russia coincide.

As you know, in 2014 the new government of Afghanistan signed a strategic partnership agreement with the United States. Since then, the country's foreign policy has become more dependent on Washington, on whose shoulders lies the financing of the Afghan army, police and intelligence. In this regard, in the conditions when the tensions between Russia and the United States is not reduced, one can hardly expect from people legal rights change of policy. The issues of interaction with Russia, including the "helicopter line", are not in the competence of Afghan officials – no matter what promises they gave in public.



Tags: Afghanistan

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