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The Visegrad unit and the balance of power in Europe
Material posted: -Publication date: 31-05-2011

Countries of the Visegrad countries (Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia) announced on 12 may 2011. the intention to create a new connection to the armed forces under the command of Poland, which by 2016, will turn into a full-fledged military-political mechanism that is separate from the NATO powers. In addition, in 2013, the Visegrad group starts to participate in a series of exercises, "Response force", this time under the auspices of NATO.

The Visegrad Quartet, formed on 15 February 1991. following the meeting of the presidents of Poland, Czechoslovakia and Prime Minister of Hungary, was once a three. A little later a United Czechoslovakia ceased to exist, but remained in the ranks of the Visegrad group in the form of two independent States – the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and since then, the Visegrad group has become a party to one more.

By signing the joint Declaration on the desire to integrate into European structures, the Visegrad group, in fact, clearly indicated a spiritual-political boundaries, for which Russia of course is not allowed. From now on, foreign post-socialist elites have looked at Eastern Europe as an integral part of the sphere of influence of the West, accompanying the decision by high-sounding rhetoric about "Communist imperialism" and "Russian threat".

The main reason lay not so much in the political as in the economy. With the weakening and further collapse of Soviet economic ties with Eastern European partners with the Soviet state was finally undermined, and with Western neighbours in Eastern Europe have strong trade relations was not.

In search of the best ways to prevent economic decline and, consequently, their impoverishment, the elites of East-European States willingly responded to the fed from Washington's signals about the intention of the White house to serve as the new guardian of this region. Arguments about the "bad older brother" (Russian) ended banal under the control of another "big brother" (the Americans), at the time more successful and more firmly standing on his feet.

Work closely with the United States, joining the EU and NATO was a priority direction of foreign policy from all Visegrad countries. Their wishes came true fast enough, because Washington was important finally to stake out this territory for themselves, linking them by a number of economic, political and military agreements. After that, from the front edge of the struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union, the region became the cutting edge of the USA with Russia and its Eastern European allies, primarily Belarus.

NATO's strategic concept, adopted in November 2010, made yesterday's friends of Moscow to reflect on the readiness of his current patron – Washington, to defend their interests before the threat of the return of the "Russian bear". For example, the Americans guarantee the transfer of full-fledged team to protect Poland in the event of armed conflict, but this is clearly not enough for the effective defence of the North European plain, a key foothold in the European theater.

Regular squabbles within the North Atlantic Alliance and the lack of political unity of its members also are concerned, and Prague, and Bratislava and Budapest, and Warsaw.

Major divergences NATO "authorities" on the issue of war in Libya – the most recent example. The involvement of Brussels and Washington in the African and Asian case is even more contribute to the emergence of the Visegrad countries have feelings of loneliness and fears that dialogue with the Kremlin will have on its behalf, and not on behalf of "senior". "Elders" are not only United States but also Germany, the only Western European state with a distinct continental foreign policy paradigm. With the arrival of Angela Merkel Berlin largely distanced itself politically from Moscow, preferring a joint Russian-German economic projects. Military-political projects Germany prefers to implement with Washington, although this approach is not always in the interests of Germany. However, the relationship between Russia and Germany cannot be called unproductive. This fact is especially troubling representatives of the Visegrad group: if for economic reasons the Germans will refuse "to tear his shirt" to protect "Eastern European democracy" and contend with Russia, the construction of Eastern Europe as the "front line" in the confrontation between the West and Moscow could significantly falter. Differences between Berlin and Paris over proatlantic add to the uncertainty. "Old Europe" as a unified and monolithic political organism simply does not exist, and if Angela Merkel has just swung in favor of the United States, N.Sarkozy has long been there.

The decision of the Visegrad countries "to unite force" can be called strategic. With the implementation of the plan of the East-European direction will be "sealed" for Russian foreign policy. The choice of Poland for the role of head of the newly formed Alliance is also not random: the largest number of army and the population of a US ally in Eastern Europe, with the makings of a regional leader and far-reaching foreign policy ambitions. Throughout the history of the poles looked at the geographical position of their country (between Germany and Russia) as a punishment. Adolf Bochenski (Polish geopolitician of the twentieth century) for this reason, Poland was called the "YouTube of Europe". Therefore, the Warsaw's desire to keep the helm in his hands is understandable.

With the geopolitical position of the boundaries of the new unit is also quite profitable: it stretched from the Baltic coast to the borders of Romania. In the end we get an interesting picture – the center will focus the armed forces of the Visegrad countries, and the flanks are Romania with its expansionist ideas and attitude towards Russia as "enemy No. 1" (which is spelled out in the military doctrine of Bucharest) and the Baltic countries with the NATO contingent and traditional Russophobia. This is strikingly reminiscent of the project "Intermarum" Jozef Pilsudski - in the unified anti-Russian bloc almost all States from the Baltic to the Black sea. As with J. Pilsudski, particular importance is attributed to the sovereign, de jure Ukraine, the Visegrad which accession to the military Alliance in the next ten years was discussed 12 may 2011

In order to fully dissociate itself from Russia, the Visegrad group, it is desirable to enlist the support of Bulgaria and Turkey. Openly Sofia to help "wall up" the Eastern European borders is not going to, but it also is not going to prevent this. Harder to Ankara. More recently, relations between Turkey and Russia have improved significantly, and this means that "the Visegrad barrier" on the southern borders and abuts the Black sea.

Of all the countries-members of the group Vishgorodskiy most smooth relations Moscow has formed with Slovakia. With the Hungarians, Czechs and poles is more complicated. Therefore, to achieve mutually acceptable agreements on the dialogue of Moscow with the countries of the Visegrad countries can begin negotiations with Bratislava. The weight of foreign policy of Slovakia is small, but on a regional scale it may be a link open to cooperation with Russia.


Tags: Europe , security , threat

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