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Military review. Developments in the field of defence and security in the media. Media monitoring during the week from 01 to 07 Oct 2018
Material posted: Publication date: 08-10-2018

The Pentagon can develop a biological weapon under the guise of a scientific project Insect Allies ("the Insect allies"); "Cherries" will be able to determine the location of the UAV operator; in Russia developing a gun "Sketch"; averagea "anti-tank" will be put into service next year; the newest ship "Ladoga" was accepted in the Navy of the Russian Federation; the Radiotechnical troops of the Western military district has been enriched with new and upgraded radars; naval aviation of the Baltic fleet were armed with the modernized Ka-27M; began testing electromagnetic weapons on the ranges; Russia and India signed a contract for the supply of systems s-400. About these and other developments in the media monitoring for the week 01. 10. 07. 10. 2018.

Last week, the head of the troops of radiation, chemical and biological protection of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation the General-the major Igor Kirillov held a briefing devoted to the analysis of the military-biological activities of States on the territory of Georgia (on the application materials I. Giorgadze).

The defense Ministry said that Georgia at the Research center of public health, and Richard Lugar, the U.S. has experienced a toxic drug and these tests led to the deaths of 73 civilians.

The General said that only in December 2015 died 24 participants experiences. Despite this, clinical studies were continued "in violation of international standards against the wishes of patients." This has led to the deaths of 49 people.

According to Kirillova, information about the trials was presented by former Minister of state security of Georgia Igor Giorgadze.

According to him in the lab experienced the drug "Cavaldi" American company "Gilead Sciences". One of the shareholders of this company is the former U.S. Secretary of defense Donald Rumsfeld.

Defense Ministry spokesman added that the drug is registered in the Russian register of medicines and during the tests, no deaths occurred.

About the program Insect Allies

The Pentagon can develop a biological weapon under the guise of a scientific project. To this conclusion came a group of European scholars who have studied American studies program Insect Allies ("the Insect allies").

Publication in the journal Science

In the October issue of the journal Science, scientists from leading European research organisations have published material on Insect Allies (literally — "Insects-allies"), which oversees the Office of advanced research projects of defense (DARPA).

RT writes that the authors were employees of the University of Montpellier (France), Institute of evolutionary biology, max Planck (Germany) and the University of Freiburg (Germany). In their opinion, the work under the Insect Allies can contravene the Convention on the prohibition of biological and toxin weapons Convention of 16 December 1971.

Officially, the stated purpose

According to official information, the purpose of Insect Allies — creating an effective method of protection of agricultural crops (primarily corn) from parasites, various diseases and adverse natural phenomena such as drought.

DARPA plans to increase the resistance of plants in a highly original way. The idea of the Pentagon, the insects will infect the culture with a special virus that contain "useful genes".

According to the head of Insect Allies Blake Bechstein, it will strengthen the food security of the United States.

The program started in 2016. According to various sources, it was financed from $10 million to $45 million On the site of one of the participants of the project — the University of North Carolina — said that performers Insect Allies stands a team of geneticists, virologists and entomologists.

In addition, work on the program, scientists from Ohio state University, Oklahoma state University, agricultural research Service of the USDA.

The American experts intend to make a breakthrough in the technology of editing genomes with CRISPR/Cas9 (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short terminating in short palindromic Repeats). As stated, in the long term the development of this area of genetic engineering will allow us to cure hereditary diseases of higher organisms, including humans.

 

Scientists do not share the optimism of DARPA

However, European scientists do not share the optimism DARPA regarding the use of Insect Allies for the agricultural sector. In his article "research in the field of agriculture or new biological weapons", they stated that the method of using the insect looks "very limited" in relation to corn and other crops.

Experts believe that pest control is much more effective to use traditional methods of spraying plants. In addition, the scientists doubt that in conditions of drought and other disasters overseas colleagues will be able in a short time to bring the required number of insects.

In this regard, the US may face a well-founded accusations in the development of the so-called biological agents, which is a violation of the Convention, the authors of the material. They also fear that such behavior of the United States could trigger a series of similar developments in other States and, as a consequence, a race proscribed weapons.

HOT SPOTS

Action in Syria

1 Oct. The Iranian military launched a missile strike on the territory on the East Bank of the Euphrates in Syria. The impacts of the aerospace division of the Islamic revolutionary guard Corps struck several ballistic missiles "ground-ground" in the area East of the Euphrates in Syria, where the organizers of the terrorist attack in Iranian Ahwaz. As a result of the impact killing and injuring large number of terrorists, according to the military. The exact number of victims and victims is not given.

U.S. reaction

The Pentagon has called a "reckless, unsafe or aggravate the situation," a missile strike by Tehran's extremists in Syria. So, the official representative of the U.S. Department of defense Sean Robertson responded to Iran's decision to launch a missile attack.

 

Delivery of s-300 to Syria

3 Oct. The Ministry of defence released footage supply anti-aircraft missile systems s-300 to Syria. In the video, SAM unloaded from the Antonov An-124-100 "Ruslan".

The Reaction Of Israel

Israel cannot abandon the operations in Syria, despite the supply of this country of Russian anti-aircraft missile systems s-300. This was stated by the Minister of defence of the Jewish state, Avigdor Lieberman.

U.S. reaction

The United States allow for the increased use of stealth fighters F-22 and anti-radar aircraft F-16CJ for the conduct of air operations in Syria due to supply Damascus with Russian anti-aircraft missile systems s-300, writes the edition The Drive.

The situation in Idlib

5 Oct. The Iranian news Agency "Fars" reported, citing the Arabic-language Syrian newspaper al-Watan that "Hayat Tahrir al-sham", the backbone of which is a terrorist group "dzhebhat an-Nusra" (banned in Russia), which seeks withdrawal from the demilitarized zone in Idlib the transfer of control over a number of parcels of strategically important highways that connect Aleppo with Hama, and Latakia.

According to the newspaper, Turkish intelligence, which is in contact with the terrorists, do not agree to their demands because I would like to have these tracks controlled Ankara supported the moderate opposition groups of the National liberation front.

"A farce," notes that, according to Kurdish media, fighters of the "Hayat Tahrir al-sham" plan to blend in with the moderate opposition forces in the Afrin Canton, which was captured from the Kurds by the Turkish military.

Kurdish media also claimed that Turkey is helping terrorists to move from Idlib in Afrin.

 

The situation in Ukraine

The Secretary of national security and defense Council (NSDC) Alexander Turchinovich that the Ukrainian military is planning to conduct exercises in the sea of Azov. He did not specify how many troops and units will participate in these maneuvers, and did not give the date of exercise.

"Clear skies-2018"

6 Oct. Aircraft USAF F-15C Eagles and C-130J Super Hercules arrived in Ukraine to participate in international military exercises clear sky-2018, the report said the U.S. Embassy in Ukraine on the social network Facebook.

Note: the Exercises will be held in Khmelnytskyi and Vinnytsia regions from 8 to 19 October.

The United States has put to Ukraine a large consignment of lethal arms and ammunition, including rockets, said Wednesday "Interfax" an informed source.

According to him, the delivery has been made "on 30 August via the border crossing point "Krakovets".

"Ukraine imported about 3.5 thousand units of small arms, more than 3.1 thousand minutes, nearly 2 million rounds of ammo, about 34 thousand detonating devices 52 thousand missiles and 5 million 380 thousand blank cartridges", - said the Agency interlocutor.

According to the source, the recipient of arms and ammunition is "military unit a-4150, which is stationed in Ukraine, Lviv region, Ukraine (Yavoriv district, village Starychi)".

Consignor - a "military base in the United States, which is located in the state of new York, in Syracuse, at Thompson road, 6900," said the Agency interlocutor.

NATO-RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The population of Norway is positive to the upcoming NATO exercise "Trident Juncture – 2018", from 25 October to 7 November will be held on Norwegian territory.

The representatives of Norway noted the complexity of logistics tasks to ensure the exercise and, in particular, the duration of the delivery of units of NATO allies in the area of exercises and their subsequent withdrawal to their places of permanent deployment. According to the military representative in Oslo, the movement of troops of the Alliance to participate in the exercise "Trident Juncture – 2018" began in Norway in August. It is planned that the last NATO troops leave Norwegian territory on the eve of the Christmas holidays.

Background: In the exercise "Trident Juncture – 2018" will take part about 45 thousand military personnel from 31 countries (including all NATO countries), 60 warships and 150 aircraft. The exercise scenario involves the reflection of external attacks on the Northern regions of Norway is the joint forces of NATO and their subsequent counter-offensive with the full liberation of Norwegian territory from a conventional enemy.

FOREIGN MEDIA REPORTS ABOUT RUSSIAN ARMS

The magazine Aviation Week & Space Technology (AW&ST) wrote that Russia may be experiencing a missile capable of shooting down enemy satellites, or promptly to deliver to orbit its own mini-satellites. The publication notes that in mid-September in the suburbs was seen aircraft-interceptor MiG-31, which was equipped with the rocket not previously installed on the fighters of this model.

The magazine asserts that this refers to the anti-satellite missile system "Contact", the development of which began in the USSR in 1984. It had involved the MiG-31 with mounted anti-satellite missiles 79M6 developed by OKB "Fakel". The rocket weighed about 4.5 tons, could reach speeds up to 2.2 Mach and hit the target at altitudes of up to 22 kilometers. However, the development of this system was curtailed with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Thus, according to the publication, Russia has resumed development of this system.

AW&ST adds that the development of this system began in the USSR in response to the appearance in 1985 in the US, a similar anti-satellite weapon the ASM-135 ASAT, which involved planes F-15 with missiles, capable of speeds up to five miles per second. During the test, the military managed to shoot down a NASA satellite. However, according to official information, this system was never adopted in service with the us army.

A FOREIGN ARMY

5 Oct GlobeNewswire announced that the port of Halifax (Nova Scotia) hosted the ceremony of awarding the name of the first ship of Arctic class canadian Navy.

It was named in honor of the canadian Vice-Admiral Harry De wolf.

The work of preparing the vessel for sea trials in 2019 will be continued at the Halifax shipyard. In 2019 Harry Dewolf will be transferred to the Royal canadian Navy.

Currently under construction two ships of this class — Brooke Margaret ("Margaret brook") and Max Bernays ("Max Bern") for the canadian Navy. Another warship will be laid in 2019.

Reference: the Ship will patrol the waters of Canada, including the Arctic, and also assist in natural disasters and participate in governmental and non-governmental studies. According to the statement of shipbuilding Irving Shipbuilding ("Irving Shipbuilding"), it is the largest ship of the Royal canadian Navy for the last 50 years. Its length is 103 m, weight — 6 615 t

USA will soon be ready to start tests of hypersonic weapons. This was stated by Deputy head of the Pentagon Patrick Shanahan, according to CNBC.

He said that now the Pentagon is calculating the costs needed to start the production hypersonic weapons, and the assessment of the capabilities of its production in the future.

Reference: the work on creation of hypersonic weapons are now a few adjacent structures. The cost of development, he said, will be factored into the planning of defence budgets, said Shanahan.

The national nuclear security administration (NNSA) has certified a new nuclear bomb, developed for the U.S. air force. The development of the B61-12 is officially over, and the ammunition is ready for serial production.

As reported Warspot in October, NNSA will certify the Pantex plant (Texas), and the first nuclear bomb, the new sample should reach the troops in 2020.

During testing of the nuclear bomb B61-12 has been tested for compatibility with the B-52 bombers and B-2 and F-15, F-16, F/A-18 and Tornado, which will allow you to use the new ammunition, the British and German aviation in the framework of agreements on NATO.

The B61-12 is a deeply modernized version of the B61 warhead, developed in the middle of the last century. When you create a twelfth version of the atomic bomb, the engineers used a new tail design of Boeing company. Thanks to the new tail of the B61-12 can adjust its flight and more accurately hit targets set. When designing a new bomb, the developers abandoned the use of satellite guidance systems in its electronic system.

Reference: the B61 is designed to reset the aircraft (including jet). The length of the ammunition is approximately 3.5 m with a diameter of 33 cm, weight — 300 kg the dimensions and weight of the bombs may vary slightly depending on the modification. In NNSA indicate that the B61-12 will replace the B61 bombs the third, fourth, seventh and tenth generations, the armament of the American army.

U.S. Department of defense plans to allocate $248 million for the construction of new military facilities in Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, Belgium and the Netherlands. At the disposal of the RT have an appropriate draft contract of the Engineering corps of the U.S. army in Europe.

The document States that "the required services" include design work for the needs of large and small construction.

So, contractors in the case of the implementation of the tender will have to rebuild or build the network engineering and technical support, barracks, maintenance facilities vehicles, medical facilities, multi-family or single-family residential houses, administrative buildings, staff facilities and training complexes, operational and intelligence centers, military training areas and other military installations.

NEW RUSSIAN WEAPONS

Russian defense industry has established a radio monitoring module to detect the UAV and locate the control them. The developer is the holding company Ruselectronics, which is part of rostec. Information about this is available on the website of the Corporation.

The module is called "Cherry". A further step is the integration of this module into a single complex counter UAV. This complex is engaged in JSC "research Institute "Vector", which is included in "Roselektronika". The complex consists of a module of a passive coherent locator module and the jamming "the Hammer".

Verification of the new design showed its high efficiency. "Cherry" is able to determine the direction where the UAV and the direction where the operator of the UAV. The accuracy of determining the direction is two degrees.

Background: it is Planned to produce two versions of the set: mobile and fixed. The set, placement of its parts in the areas, the definition of areas of responsibility is supposed to do during the development of the project subject to the requirements of the customer. In addition, will be considered a threat model object.

The latest artillery system "Outline" developed by Russian specialists. About this commander of the land forces, Colonel-General Oleg Salyukov said in an interview with "Moskovsky Komsomolets".

We are talking about the complex artillery and mortar weapons battalion level, intended for missile troops and artillery. There are different versions of the basic chassis, including machinery to equip the Arctic business units.

In addition, an Arctic modification of anti-aircraft missile system "tor-M2", said Salyukov. Also been working on anti-aircraft artillery complex "Derivation-defense", armed with automatic cannon caliber 57 mm and intended for combat drones.

By the end of suitable work on a new interspecific artillery system "Coalition-SV", the ability to conduct innovative shooting mode "hail of fire". The shells produced from the same gun at different angles and strike the same target.

NAVY

1 October in the port of Lomonosov (Leningrad oblast) hosted a solemn ceremony of raising the Andreevsky flag on the ship "Ladoga" project 11982 built by the project of JSC "Almaz Central marine design Bureau in accordance with the technical specifications of the Navy (Navy). By order of the chief of the Russian Navy Admiral Vladimir Korolev, the ship is enlisted in the Navy.

Optovoe the ship of project 11982 is designed to conduct research and Oceanographic publications and participation in search and rescue operations.

Specifications:

  • length overall — 63,08 m;
  • maximum width — more than 10 m;
  • maximum draught is about 4 m;
  • the maximum speed over 12 knots;
  • the crew — about 20 people.

5 Oct Latest the black sea fleet frigate "Admiral Makarov" for the first time after joining the Association reached the point of permanent basing in Sevastopol.

Reference: the Frigate "Admiral Makarov" is the third sea zone frigate of project 11356 and is named after the Russian naval commander and scientist, Vice-Admiral Stepan Osipovich Makarov. The transfer of the frigate fleet and the rise of this naval flag was held on 27 December 2017. Ships of this series have a displacement of about 4 thousand tons, speed - 30 knots endurance - 30 days. "Admiral Makarov" armed with cruise missiles "Caliber-NK" anti-aircraft missile complex "Shtil-1" gun mount A-190 100 mm caliber, anti-aircraft artillery, jet bomb installation, torpedoes can also carry a carrier-based Ka-27 helicopter (or Ka-31).

ABOUT THE REARMAMENT OF THE ARMY

The latest Russian unmanaged averageto-80ФП "anti-tank" can be put into service next year, said Deputy Director of the group "tehmash" Alexander mentioned.

Kochkin said that the state tests averkey is almost at an end, now is the paperwork. According to test results, the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation will make a decision about taking on a missile.

In the case of a positive decision, the missile will be adopted by the Russian VKS in the next year.

Reference: latest averagea-8ОФП "anti-tank" is designed for launch from helicopters and aircraft, including su-24, su-25, su-27, MiG-29, Mi-28, Ka-52. The rocket used to defeat armored targets at distances up to six kilometers. A feature of this averkey is its ability to explode, depending on the settings, to the barriers within it and behind it.

The troops of the Western military district (ZVO) received 17 new and upgraded radar stations.

The number of received stations is a modern "Sky" and "Sky-MIND", "Kasta-2-2, Approach-K1" and "TSB", in addition, underwent deep modernization in the factories of the military-industrial complex "Sky" and "defense-14", as well as a number of altimeters.

Soon the station will be put on combat duty, which will significantly increase opportunities for detection of various air targets, including low flying and having a small reflecting surface.

Background: within the framework of a new supply of weapons, military and special equipment in the Western military district in the end of the current year must be received by about a thousand samples.

Naval aviation of the Baltic fleet were armed with the modernized Ka-27M. Technical staff spent receiving and staging of equipment, and has also prepared helicopters upgraded for the new winter mode of operation. The flight staff went through training for a wide use of the resource upgrading.

Helicopters updated avionics (avionics), installed a new search engine that allows to use new search tools and attack submarines, as well as radioacoustic equipment, to significantly improve the execution of helicopters this type of tasks.

As a result of modernization, the helicopters introduced modern methods of information transfer on land and naval command centers, modernized communication with other helicopters.

Reference: Ka-27M have high capabilities, search, detection, tracking and destruction of submarines and surface ships capable of conducting search and rescue in distress at sea of the crews of aircraft, ships, and perform transport tasks to ensure action ship groups.

The Navy began upgrading of its artillery units in the Crimea and in Kaliningrad region. Go long-range multiple rocket launcher systems fire (MLRS) "Hurricane" and their modernized version of "Hurricane-1M", the newspaper reported "news.

According to the newspaper, the MLRS will give the opportunity to create an impenetrable fire barrier along the Russian coast, and to support high-precision fire of the Marines.

As told "Izvestia" in the defense Ministry, the defense Ministry has decided to radically increase the firepower of the artillery units of the Navy. Black sea artillery regiment and artillery brigade of the Baltic fleet equipped with 220-mm MLRS "Uragan" 9k57. Baltic gunners have already received the first fighting machine. And in September the brigade held the first missile firing. The "Hurricanes" will be replaced with more modern artillery MLRS "Uragan-1M".

Reference: the Main difference between "Hurricane-1M" — batch loading the launchers with transport-launch containers, which is several times increases the rate of artillery systems. For artillery systems developed a new variety of munitions, cluster and volume explosion and increased range. In the Arsenal of "Hurricane-1M" will be guided missiles. Also, this MRL may use ammunition from "Grad" 122 mm caliber. Thanks to the automated control system (ACS) and the onboard computer complex MLRS can destroy targets in real-time without the interference calculation.

ABOUT THE TESTS

Russian electromagnetic weapons have been tested in terms of polygons, said the Advisor to the first Deputy General Director of concern "radio-Electronic technology" (KRET) Vladimir Mikheev.

According to him, the system of electromagnetic weapons or so-called microwave gun (UHF - ultra high frequency radiation) "there are very effectively developed".

Reference: In the microwave guns as a destructive factor use electromagnetic radiation of ultrahigh frequency, also called electromagnetic "shot". As previously reported, KRET, it is expected that such weapons in the future will be able to completely burn the enemy electronics, for example, homing missiles. Electromagnetic guns, in particular, it is planned to equip the Russian unmanned aircraft of the 6th generation.

Head large hydrographic boat (BMC) project 23040Г "George Winter", built at a shipbuilding enterprise "Nizhny Novgorod Factory Ship" for the hydrographic service of the Navy (Navy) Russia, began testing in the Gulf. It is planned that after completion of all stages of testing BGK "George Winter" will be adopted in the Navy until the end of 2018.

In the near future in Lomonosov will be the first serial (the second account) BGC project 23040Г "Alexander Evlanov", whose crew will start its tests in the assigned areas of the Gulf of Finland.

According to the contract "Nizhny Novgorod Factory Ship" will continue the construction of a series of these boats.

Reference: BGK project 23040Г is designed for high areal shooting of the bottom topography and survey of navigational dangers at depths of up to 400 metres, as well as the shooting of the bottom topography single-beam echo sounder at depths of up to 2 thousand meters. With the assistance of the boats of the project 23040Г hydrographic service of the Navy will be able to effectively perform maintenance tasks of all types of floating predosteregaet characters (PPZ), target setting/shooting of all types of floating predosteregaet signs up to 1.7 tons and a length of 6.5 meters.

In boats of this type can be delivered personnel, food, spare parts and repair crews on coastal AIDS to navigation of the Navy, to be navigational and hydrographic support of search and rescue operations, piloting and leading on submarines and large ships in locations and on approaches to them.

The crew of the boat is nine people. To accommodate the crew and seconded the boat has five double cabins and one single.

Dimensions BGK project 23040Г:

  • maximum length — of 33.04 m;
  • length calculated amounted to 29.16 m;
  • width — 6.8 m

ABOUT EXERCISE

"Bars-2018"

Russian and Serbian military pilots conducted exercises "bars-2018" in the territory of Serbia from 1 to 5 October.

Background: In the exercise "BARS-2018" was attended by the crews of fighter and army aviation of Russia and Serbia on the MiG-29 and helicopters Mi-8. The exercise involved up to 10 aircraft, the air force and air defence of Serbia. Total was made about 50 flights with the common touch over 25 hours.

"Combat brotherhood - 2018"

More than 12 thousand members of the armed forces of Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are involved in a joint strategic military exercises of member States of the organization of collective security Treaty (CSTO) "Combat brotherhood - 2018".

Only five ranges of the four States attracted more than 12 thousand soldiers and more than 2,000 pieces of weapons, military and special equipment, including a 120 – aircraft, which is based on the new generation aircraft su-34, upgraded su-25SM and Mi-8 AMTSH, including unmanned aircraft.

Reference: In the period from 1 October to 2 November in Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan will pass operatively-the strategic doctrine of the organization of collective security Treaty (CSTO) "Combat brotherhood – 2018". Within it are the teachings of "Interaction", "Indestructible brotherhood", "Search", "Frontier", for the first time -- the "Air bridge".

MILITARY-TECHNICAL COOPERATION

Moscow and new Delhi signed a contract to supply s-400. This was reported by press Secretary of the Russian President, Dmitry Peskov.

As previously noted in conversation with journalists the assistant to the Russian President Yuri Ushakov, the transaction "India will receive modern air defense systems that outperforms similar systems in other countries."

SIGNIFICANT DATES

October 1 - the Day of Russian Land forces

Day of Land forces of Russia celebrated annually on October 1 based on the presidential decree "On establishing professional holidays and commemorative days in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation" dated may 31, 2006.

Modern army — the most numerous and diverse in weapons and methods of combat operations of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation intended to repel the aggression of the enemy on the continental theaters of military operations, protection of territorial integrity and national interests of the Russian Federation.

Composition

Ground troops in the motorized infantry troops, tank troops, missile troops and artillery, air defense troops, which are branches of the military; special forces and part (reconnaissance formations and military units; engineering troops; the troops of radiation, chemical and biological defense; army communications); and division logistics.

Organizationally, they consist of combined arms armies (operational commands), infantry (including mountain), armored, airborne assault brigades, brigades cover, military bases, machine-gun and artillery division, training centers, and units of missile troops and artillery, air defense, special forces, and other organisations and institutions.

Associations and connections of Land forces are composed of four military districts (joint strategic commands) form the basis of groupings of troops (forces) on the strategic directions.

Equipment

Modern army equipped with Russian tanks T-72, T-80, T-90 and their modifications, the reactive systems of volley fire "Grad" (BM-21), "Uragan", "Smerch" missile systems "Chrysanthemum-s", "faggot", "Tochka-U", self-propelled anti-tank complex "Sturm-C", self-propelled anti-tank missile complexes "Competition", self-propelled mortars "Tulip", anti-aircraft missile systems "tor-M1" and "s-300V", anti-aircraft missile systems "Buk-M1", "OSA-AKM", "Strela-10M3", "tor-M2U" anti-aircraft gun-missile complexes "Tunguska-M", anti-aircraft artillery systems "Shilka" and other military equipment.

In our days

Currently, there is a systematic comprehensive modernisation of the Land forces with modern weapons in the framework of the State armament programme until 2020. Also it is a complex of scientific-research and experimental-design works on creation of perspective samples of arms and military equipment.

In 2012-2017 under the current State armament programme for Ground forces delivered more than 10 thousand units of modern weapons, military and special equipment, allowing to increase the level of equipment with modern weapons, compared to 2012 three times to almost 45% (up 44.7% from 15%).

4 October - Day of the Space forces

Every year on 4th of October of the Cosmic troops of Russia celebrate their professional holiday. On this day in 1957 in the USSR was the beginning of the Space age — from the Baikonur cosmodrome was successfully launched the first artificial Earth satellite (AES). Preparation, launch and management of the first artificial satellite in orbital flight was carried out by the specialists of the military formations of the Space forces.

61 years ago to control the world's first artificial satellite in the USSR was created by a network of ground measurement points (NIP) Command-measuring complex of spacecraft control. The locations of the items were developed by the research Institute № 4 of the USSR defense Ministry to ensure the work on the spacecraft with high angles of inclination, the shooting trajectory and telemetry data, transmit commands and programs to the maximum possible visible areas of flight throughout the Soviet Union.

October 4, 1957 created measuring points ground Command-measuring complex of spacecraft control ensured the management of the first artificial Earth satellite "PS-1".

In the future, all domestic and international space programs were carried out with the participation of military units of spacecraft control. Manned missions, exploration of moon, Mars, Venus, the most complex experiments in space, launching an unmanned spacecraft reusable orbital complex "Buran", management of manned station "Mir", the creation of the International space station is not a complete list of achievements of domestic Astronautics, a significant contribution which made military units for space applications.

In our days

Today space watch the first military units start and control of space means continue the military units of the cosmodrome Plesetsk, 15 th army Air and space forces (special assignments) as part of the Main test space center named after German Titov, the Main centre of missile attack warning, Main centre for the exploration of outer space. The training of professional officers for the Space forces carries out Military space Academy imeni A. F. Mozhayskiy.

Currently, the Space forces has established an effective system of training, launch and management of domestic space vehicles, orbital and radar control missile-dangerous directions, as well as provide global monitoring of conditions in space.

Military and civilian personnel have successfully addressed the challenges of application and of increasing the combat capabilities of systems of missile warning, space control, replenishment and management of orbital grouping of information systems and systems for military and dual-use education and training of future officers.

Providing space surveillance

In the framework of combat duty for the control of outer space in 2018, the specialists of the Main centre for the exploration of outer space (HZ RKO) the Space forces, aerospace forces have conducted more than 3000 special work to change control of the space situation, in which found and adopted to support about 900 of space objects, monitor the output for over 500 orbits of the spacecraft, provided the forecasting and control of termination ballistic existence of about 180 space objects, issued 10 warnings of dangerous approaches of space objects with space vehicles of the Russian orbital constellation.

Particular attention specialists, GTS, RKO was paid to the control of the composition and condition of the orbital groups of foreign space systems, and conducting experiments on the orbits of the spacecraft of foreign States.

During the current year on-duty means the Russian system of missile warning, specialized equipment systems and space surveillance and missile defense was discovered more than 40 launches of foreign and domestic ballistic missiles and space rockets.

Start a space rocket

The crews of the State test Plesetsk cosmodrome conducted a launch of a space rocket (ILV) of the middle class "Soyuz-2.1 b", start space rocket light class "Soyuz-2.1 V", start space rocket "Rokot" with the spacecraft for various purposes, two promising start-up type "Sarmat" and one test launch .

The launch of space vehicles

The specialists of the Main test space center name Titov conducted and provided the conduct 14 launches of spacecraft from Plesetsk and Baikonur.

This year duty power ground automated control complex of Space forces, VKS spent more than 500 thousand management sessions of spacecraft of the Russian orbital constellation. Thus, the average daily rate amounted to more than 1600 sessions.

Put into operation the latest models of weapons

In the armed forces is actively working on commissioning new models of weapons, military and special equipment. Alert carry radar station of new generation "Voronezh" system of missile warning, created by technology of high operational readiness in the Leningrad, Kaliningrad, Irkutsk, and Orenburg oblasts, in the Altai, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk edges.

Work is continuing to create new radar warning system missile attack in the Republic of Komi and Murmansk region.

Will deploy more than 10 new laser-optical and radio systems

In the framework of the program of improvement and development of the Russian system of space control, Space forces, continue to create specialized ground facilities, space surveillance new generation.

By 2020 Russia plans to deploy more than 10 new laser-optical and radio systems that implement different principles of detection and recognition of space objects. The first laser-optical complex of new generation successfully performs the task of space control in the experimental-combat duty on the territory of Altai region.

Being developed for command-measuring systems of the new generation

This year the military units of the Main test space center has received more than 15 modern and advanced measuring means. Currently actively working on the introduction of new machinery into operation.

In addition, actively being developed for command-measuring systems of new generation for retrofitting a separate command-measuring complexes of the Main test space center. Titov. Commissioning of a unified command and measurement tools will enable a shift to new technologies control of spacecraft of the Russian orbital constellation and to reduce several times the list of modifications of technical management tools of previous generations.

In General, for re-equipment of military units and formations of the Space forces, promising arms currently, about 50 experimental design and scientific-research works on creation in the coming years, systems and complexes of new generation.

Tasks

Among the main challenges facing the Space troops, VKS, — maintenance of constant readiness to use means of systems of missile warning, space control, launch and control of spacecraft of the Russian orbital constellation and the development of new weapons and military equipment coming into service of military units of Space armies. Our absolute priorities and implementation schedule of launches of space vehicles of military and dual-use, as well as launches of Intercontinental ballistic missiles.

THE ARMED FORCES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION FOR A WEEK

 

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Has Prepared Anna Beglaryan

Tags: assessment , Russia , Syria , USA , DARPA


RELATED MATERIALS: Defence and security
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