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Military review. Developments in the field of defence and security in the media. Media monitoring during the week from 02 to 08 may 2016
Material posted: Publication date: 09-05-2016

The United States sent to Georgia Abrams tanks and Bradley infantry fighting vehicles; in Russia there will be three divisions to counter NATO; Bulgaria creates the infrastructure for refueling aircraft, NATO; the Russian Navy will receive six project 22350 frigates by 2025; Helicopters of Russia" has put the defense Ministry another batch of Mi-8MTV-5-1; call in the troops received new satellite stations "Downpour", the first in the world aviatechnology anti-aircraft missile system create for Russian airborne troops; upgraded hunters "aircraft carriers" will receive hypersonic missiles; in the Crimea will begin construction of small-size missile ship of a new type; Russian defense Ministry has signed a contract for the construction has no analogues patrol vessels ice-class; the Pentagon has started testing unmanned ship "Sea hunter"; at Kapustin Yar during the year it is planned to test 160 samples of armament; C-300 received from Russia, went on duty in the Vitebsk region; Armenia is working to accelerate deliveries of Russian weapons.

About these and other developments in the monitoring of the media during the week from 02.05 to 08. 05. 2016.

The Pentagon has sent to the territory of Georgia Abrams tanks and infantry fighting vehicles Bradley to participate in joint exercises "a high-level Partnership". About this time, last week, reported the press service of the defense Ministry of Georgia. This is perhaps the main news of the week.

It was reported that the maneuvers will be held from 11 to 26 may at the Vaziani military base, they will participate in a total of about 1,300 soldiers of Georgia, USA and the UK.

Russia's Reaction

In this regard, Russia has announced that joint military exercises of the Georgian and US Partner Noble 2016 (the"high-level Partnership-2016") are a provocation aimed at rocking the situation in the Caucasus, this was discussed in the commentary of the Russian foreign Ministry, which was published on the Agency's website.

The foreign Ministry noted that the destabilization of the situation "contributes to the blatant pandering by Washington and its allies revanchist aspirations of Tbilisi". In addition, on Smolensk square stated that the main objectives of the exercise stated "preparing the Georgian army for participation in the NATO response Force and strengthening capacities of the Georgian territorial defense".

The Reaction Of Georgia

The Georgian foreign Ministry, in turn, has posted on its website a response to the comment of the Russian Ministry of foreign Affairs, concerning joint military exercises, Tbilisi and Washington Noble Partner 2016 (the"high-level Partnership-2016"). The foreign Ministry reminded Georgia that the country is independent and sovereign state that has right to carry out on its territory any movements.

"In addition, allows the sovereign right of Georgia to determine the partners in the military sphere and ways of interacting with them", — said the foreign Ministry, assuring that the Georgian-American exercise is not directed against anyone and will not lead to destabilization of the situation in the region.

Background: exercise "high-level Partnership" is held for the second time. For the first time they were held in may 2015. From the United States they participated mechanized company of the 1st brigade combat group from the 3rd infantry division, which is part of the U.S. contingent in the joint rapid reaction Forces of NATO. Also the maneuvers involved infantry company of the 173rd airborne brigade. The Georgian side was represented by company "alpha" of the 12th battalion of the 1st brigade of the land forces the 1st mechanized company of 42nd battalion of the 4th mechanized brigade, and a platoon of the military police.

RUSSIA-NATO

The defense Ministry of the Russian Federation to counteract the buildup of NATO forces near Russia's borders will create two new divisions in the Western military district and one in the South, said the head of the Russian defense Ministry Sergei Shoigu.

Now is the arrangement locations of the new joints, the Minister said.

"I have given instructions to apply, in the construction of facilities, the most advanced construction solutions. We are talking about modular designs. The technology of mass production and delivery of modules allows you to erect a building within three to four weeks", - quotes TASS of the Minister.

Reference: If necessary, the construction can be quickly disassembled and transported to another place. The same operational method is getting better all system components, including the boiler. Each of the new divisions will be composed of about 10 thousand people.

Bulgaria rushes to the aid of NATO. Last week, the government approved projects to develop on their military air bases infrastructure for refueling aircraft of NATO. This was reported by the Xinhua news Agency.

The Bulgarian authorities explained this step by necessity to support the operations of the Alliance. This, according to the official position, will strengthen national security and greater integration into the collective defence mechanism.

Meanwhile...

The commander of NATO in Europe Philip Breedlove said that the Russian army is developing, learning and adapting to modern realities, reports RIA "Novosti".

In an interview with the Wall Street Journal the representative of the Alliance explained that, in 2008, the Georgian army managed to put Russian troops in a difficult situation", the events of 2014 in Crimea showed that Russia's Armed forces have undergone significant changes.

"I think the word "surprise" would be too strong, but it is obvious that Russia has drastically improved its army," — said the commander.

"We should not portray her growth in the three-meter, if we overestimate, we will lose confidence. But two meters it certainly is" — a lengthy military continued.

Reference: WSJ believes that Breedlove is one of the main architects of the US response to Russia's actions that allegedly constitute a threat to Europe. His authorship, in particular, belongs the mechanism of strengthening the Eastern flank of NATO, including increasing the number of troops and equipment in the Baltic States and Eastern Europe.

In may, Breedlove will leave the post of commander-in-chief of allied forces in Europe. It will replace Curtis Scaparotti.

About the rearmament of the army

Holding "Helicopters of Russia" (included in "rostec") has put the defense Ministry another batch of military transport Mi-8MTV-5-1 and training "Ansat-U", reported the press service of the holding.

Reference: Mi-8MTV-5-1, which belongs to the family Mi-8/17, designed for the carriage of passengers and cargo. The machine can carry up to four tons inside the fuselage or on external sling. In addition, the helicopter can be used for combat and special tasks, search and rescue and sanitary operations.

The Ansat-U is a light helicopter designed for training of cadets of flight schools for initial training, as well as the preparation of rating instructors. The helicopter comes of the defense Ministry since 2009 and it is intended in the future to replace the Mi-2.

Advanced satellite stations "Downpour" entered service in the brigade control military enterprises of the Western military district (ZVO).

As the press service of the district, highly mobile systems provide a connection with any digital, analog, radio relay stations, unified command and staff vehicles and have a more clear and reliable signal that exceeds the signal stations of the first generation in 10 times.

The station is located at the base of off-road vehicle Ural-4320. It is equipped with a satellite navigation system GLONASS and is able to automatically direct the antenna system to the satellite at the specified coordinates.

Reference: "Downpour" allows in the field to quickly deploy a digital network, broadband wireless access, able to function in a complex interference conditions, providing a reliable, high-quality communication command associations with subordinate units.

A series of six frigates of project 22350 have to fill up the combat composition of the Navy of Russia by 2025, said the head of the defense Ministry Sergei Shoigu, reports TASS.

According to him, now head frigate series "Admiral Gorshkov" is being tested in the Northern fleet.

Reference: "Admiral Gorshkov" was laid in early 2006 and launched in the fall of 2010. In November 2014, the ship first appeared on the test. The second in the series, "Admiral Kasatonov", launched in 2014, the launch of the third ship, named "Admiral Golovko", is expected in 2016.

The ships of project 22350 Admiral Gorshkov has a displacement of 4.5 thousand tons and can develop speed up to 29 knots. They are armed, in particular, missiles of "Oniks" and "Kalibr", as well as anti-aircraft missile system "Poliment-Redut".

Meanwhile...

Addition to the above information. The prototype gas-turbine units (GTU) manufactured in Russia for promising project 22350 frigate will be put to the test in 2017, at the end of this year can be delivered and the first production installation for the equipment of a ship under construction. About this Tape.<url>" said Vice-President on military shipbuilding of the United shipbuilding Corporation Igor Ponomarev.

Ponomarev said that in the framework of the import substitution programme agreed plans for the creation in Russia of a gas turbine engine, the base plant construction are defined with NPO "Saturn". According to him, the first samples of domestic GTU will go on "Northern shipyard".

Science and production

Aviatechnology the world's first anti-aircraft missile system is created for the airborne troops of Russia on the basis of the combat vehicle BMD-4M, and is called the experimental design work, "Fowler", reported TASS a source in Russian defense Ministry.

Thus the interlocutor of Agency has specified that the complex is expected to parachute parachute. Now airborne troops have different modifications of anti-aircraft missile complex "Strela-10", the base model which was adopted in 1976.

For reference: Tracked BMD-4M "Gardener" version of the BMD-4 with the new body, engine, chassis and other nodes. It is equipped with a combat module "Bakhcha-U" comprising two guns of a caliber of 100 mm and 30 mm - and a machine gun.

But a European company (Leonardo Airborne & Space Systems has introduced a new lightweight Osprey radar with active phased array, according to the "Military Parity" with reference to flightglobal.com.

It is reported that the radar created on the basis of Maritime search radar Seaspray development of Finmeccanica. On 3 may, the prototype of this radar has already been tested in flight on Board the helicopter AgustaWestland AW101 forces of a coast guard of Norway, three antennas (in the bow area and inside main landing gear) provide coverage of 360 degrees.

Background: Work on radar was carried out for three years, already has three international clients (including USA) that are ready to buy, but the names of the potential operators were not disclosed. The radar has a processor and control algorithms from radar and the PicoSAR Vixen to have opportunities to work in several modes. As the company claims, on airplanes possible to install four antennas, the "one-way" radar is good for drones.

Arsenal passing in the modernization of nuclear-powered missile cruisers of project 949A "Antey" in addition to other types of missiles will include the latest hypersonic ASM "Zircon". About it the correspondent "Tapes.<url> reported a source in the defense industry. The first modernized submarines with new missiles should be handed over to the Russian Navy until 2020.

"The modernization includes the expansion of the range as mine-torpedo and missile weapons, — said the interlocutor of the edition — it is planned to use and already famous rocket complex "Caliber" and the new, including hypersonic. The launcher will be universal, the boat will be able to change Arsenal depending on the upcoming tasks.

Reference: Advanced "anteia" will be equipped with 72 launchers for different types of RCC, which will replace the 24 launchers for missiles complex "Granit", different from today's much greater weight and size.

Important news: in the Crimea, at a shipyard "Sea" in Feodosia will start the construction of small missile ship of the new generation for the Russian Navy. This was reported "Interfax" the representative of the press service of the defense Ministry for the Navy Igor Dygalo.

Earlier it was reported that the project 22800 needs to become a mass alternative to the small missile ships of project 21631 "Buyan-M", which now exist in the composition of the Caspian flotilla, and more recently — the black sea fleet. This is due to low seaworthiness "brawlers", developed from the ships of class "river-sea" and their relatively weak defenses.

Reference: Small missile ships of the project 22800 (according to some information, the cipher project "Karakurt") represent the larger version of the missile-artillery boat project 12300 Skorpion". The basis of the shock weapons of the ship should make the module universal shipboard firing system, allowing the use of cruise missile complexes "Onyx" and "Caliber". Maximum speed of new ships — up to 30 knots. The project developer — Almaz Central marine design Bureau.

In addition, in the framework of the State armament programme (GPV-2020) the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation and JSC "Admiralty shipyards" signed a contract for the construction of two new patrol ships with ice class of the project 23550 in the interests of the Navy, reports the press service and information of the defense Ministry.

In accordance with the terms of the contract, the vehicles have to be transferred to the Russian Navy until the end of 2020.

Reference: Patrol ship ice class of the project 23550 is a brand new boat that combines the quality of a tug, icebreaker and patrol ship. He can walk in the tropics and Arctic waters, breaking the ice thickness up to 1.5 m. On the set of technical characteristics of a patrol ship of the project 23550 has no world analogues.

The U.S. military has begun testing unmanned ship "Sea hunter (Sea Hunter), reports Associated Press. Surface 40-metre destroyer is designed to operate autonomously over a distance of several thousand nautical miles.

Federal Agency for defense advanced research projects Agency (DARPA), responsible for the development of new technologies, will be testing the vehicle in conjunction with the U.S. Navy for two years off the coast of California. At this stage, the researchers will conduct tests to evaluate the possibility of maneuvering in the shipping area.

During the tests the vessel will be the staff able to take control in case of danger. Destroyer is not yet equipped with weapons, but the Pentagon noted that the prototype has not only a military purpose, and later the drones will be used for the carriage of goods.

Reference: "Sea hunter" — a subclass of small combat ship designed for search and destruction of submarines in the performance of patrol service. It has a diesel engine, can reach speeds of 27 knots. The cost of a destroyer is $ 20 million.

A device designed to protect high-ranking officials from eavesdropping, also able to prevent the triggering of explosive devices created in Russia, have informed in a press-service of the enterprise-the developer of the complex – United instrument Corporation, RIA "Novosti".

According to the developers, the device is made in the form of a small case which is easily transported and does not attract the attention of strangers, the report said.

According to the Corporation, the instrument may be used to ensure the safe movement of the first persons of the state and prevent terrorist attacks in places of a mass congestion of people. "Case" blocks radio signals that may trigger the detonation of an explosive device, including demining sappers charge.

In addition, it is designed to combat with unauthorized access to sensitive data. "During the closed-door talks product "covers cover" the entire room, blocking the action of listening devices and preventing leakage of information," the report States.

Meanwhile...

For three years on the State Central interspecific range of the Russian defense Ministry (the Kapustin Yar, Astrakhan oblast) has been steadily increasing the intensity of testing. In connection with rigorous implementation of the plans of the state program of rearmament, the range of the test in the next two years will increase significantly.

In 2016, the landfill is planned to test about 160 weapons, which is two times more than this year. By this time, completed full modernization of landfill measuring complex with the transition to automatic operation, reports the Department of press service and information of the defense Ministry.

Research will be carried out not only in the interests of the defense Ministry, but other ministries and departments of the Russian Federation. Among the priority scientific researches of the landfill in 2015 must be allocated to improve the protection of military facilities and armaments, military and special equipment from technical reconnaissance and guidance systems of precision weapons, as well as the study of problems of development of system of testing of promising samples of armament and military equipment.

The landfill is unique in its geographical location that allows for the testing of weapons and military equipment at any time of the year, under different climatic conditions.

Background: Geographically, the objects of experimental test facilities and military field Kapustin Yar is located in four regions of the Russian Federation (Astrakhan, Volgograd, Saratov, and Orenburg) and five regions of Kazakhstan (West Kazakhstan, Aktobe, Karaganda, Kyzylorda, Gulbinskas) on the land plots with a total area of about 9.5 million hectares. But the most important is the track "Kapustin Yar - Balkhash". Only it is possible to simulate elements and systems for national missile defense.

13 may 2016 the Kapustin Yar will celebrate its 70th anniversary.

On military-technical cooperation

ZRK (antiaircraft missile complex s-300, obtained from Russia, to intercede on combat duty in the Vitebsk region of Belarus, said the Ministry of defense of the Republic.

Before that, on the basis of Military Academy of Belarus passed a gradual retraining of military personnel who are to operate the ADMS.

A kind of exam for them were completed successfully combat launches of missiles on the Russian training ground "Telemba". Further events were held on the equipment position for the s-300, carried out by the receiving equipment, the complex docking and validation work.

With the aim of further development and improvement of a Unified regional air defense system within the framework of military-technical cooperation between the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation air force and air defense forces of our country were given anti-aircraft missile systems s-300, two of which are for the military unit," - said the Belarusian military.

Last week it was also stated that Armenia is working to accelerate deliveries of Russian weapons. This was announced by the Minister of defense of Armenia Seyran Ohanyan, reports RIA "Novosti".

"I want to say that in the framework of military-technical cooperation are carried out relevant work to accelerate (supply of weapons)," — said S. Ohanyan said to journalists after a closed-door meeting with deputies of the National Assembly.

Earlier it was reported that Armenia wants to buy from Russian launcher rocket system of volley fire "Smerch" and ammunition to it, anti-aircraft missile complexes "Igla-s", ground-based electronic intelligence Executive "Avtobaza-M", heavy flamethrower system TOS-1A ("Sun") with transport-charging machines, 9М113М guided missiles, RPG-26, Dragunov's sniper rifle, armored cars "Tiger", engineering tools and means of communication.

Background: the Government of Armenia on 15 April approved the draft decision on implementation of provisions of the agreement with the government of the Russian Federation on granting to Yerevan of the state export loan of $ 200 million for financing the supplies of military products. The contract between the countries concerning the loan was signed in 2015.

Has Prepared Anna Beglaryan


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