The Stockholm international Institute for peace studies (SIPRI) published on Monday a new report on the state of global trade in arms. It is noted that the main exporters in this field in the period from 2014 to 2018 remained the United States and Russia, although the volume of arms sales, Russia has decreased in comparison with the previous five years (2009-2013) of 17%.
According to a new report by SIPRI data, global sales of arms in the years 2014-2018 has increased compared to the previous five-year period of 7.8%. The share of the largest suppliers - the USA, Russia, China, France and Germany - accounted for 75% of the total, the share of the combined United States and Russia - 57%.
Most of the increase in supply observed in the middle East, while in other regions they decreased. The largest importers were Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Israel, Qatar and Iraq.
If the period of 2009-2013 the volume of sales of arms of the Russian Federation was 27% of the world total, in the years 2014-2018, the figure was 21%. The reduction of Russian exports is partly due to a decline in shipments to India and Venezuela, for a long time as one of the main buyers of Russian weapons. Despite the fact that India continued to rank in this list first place, the total supply in 2014-2018 decreased by 42%. Sales to Venezuela, which from 2009-2013 was the fifth largest buyer of arms from Russia, fell in 2014-2018 96%.
In the past five years, according to the Institute, Russia has supplied major weapons in 48 countries. 55% of the total occurred in India, China and Algeria. At the regional level, 60% of deliveries were made to Asia and Oceania. 17% occurred in Africa, 16% to the middle East, 5,8% - in Europe and 1.4% in the Americas.
The volume of deliveries to the middle East increased in the years 2014-2018 19%. The main recipients of Russian arms were Egypt and Iraq - 46% and 36%, respectively. In comparison with the years 2009-2013 in the last five years sales to Iraq increased by 780%, in Egypt - 150%.
In the compared period USA increased its sales by 29%, and their share in the global scale increased from 30% to 36%. Also increased and the gap between the volumes of leading exporters. So, U.S. sales of major weapons in 2014-2018 surpassed the Russian by 75%, while between 2009 and 2013 advance amounted to only 12%.
In the last period, 52% of U.S. deliveries were made in the Middle East. "The United States has further strengthened its position as a leading international supplier of weapons. In the last 5 years, they sold weapons to at least 98 countries. Delivery often included high-tech weaponry such as combat aircraft, cruise and ballistic missiles of small radius of action, as well as large party guided bombs", - said the Director of weapons programs and military expenditures SIPRI Od Fleran.
Action in Syria
13 Mar. Videoconferencing Russia in coordination with Turkey conducted a precision air strike on a warehouse with armed terrorists. This is stated in the statement of the Ministry of defense of Russia.
14 Mar. About 40 thousand Syrian citizens, held in the ranks of the illegal armed groups that have received Amnesty from the government. Such data are contained in the report submitted by the Director of the Organization of national reconciliation Yana Huddur.
14 Mar. The United States intends to allocate $5 million in funding to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) White helmets and Mechanism for the investigation of crimes in Syria (International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism, IIIM), established in accordance with the adopted in 2016 a resolution of the UN General Assembly. This was announced by Deputy head of the press service of the state Department Robert Palladino.
15 Mar. Representatives from more than 85 countries and organizations at the invitation of the European Union and the United Nations have arrived in Brussels to participate in the third international donor conference on Syria. In two days the international community has collected $7 billion in humanitarian aid to the Syrian population and refugees. In addition, the participants of the conference discussed latest developments in Syria and the status of negotiations to resolve the crisis in that country, expressing its follow-up full support to the political process under UN auspices and called for efforts combating terrorism.
16 Mar. Two children in one day were killed in the refugee camp "er-Ryban" where Syrians hold the US-controlled fighters. This is stated in the published on Saturday a joint statement of the heads of the interagency coordinating staff of Russia and Syria Michael Mizintseva and Hussein Makhluf.
16 Mar. UN Secretary-General, antónio Guterres, expressed concern about the deteriorating situation in Syria and called on all parties to the conflict to observe the truce. This is stated in the statement of the Secretary General, published on the UN website.
United States March 15, was transferred to the forward base Fairford in the UK next strategic bomber B-52H Stratofortress, capable of carrying nuclear cruise missiles and bombs, follows from the data of Western air traffic control services.
The day before at the airbase Fairford has already landed three of the bomber. According to reports, in the coming days, their number can be increased to six to eight units. This massive transfer of strategic bombers of the U.S. air force in Fairford has not been observed since 2003, when it was placed up to 20 aircraft B-52H to participate in American military operations against Iraq.
A FOREIGN ARMY
United States in connection with suspending participation in the Treaty on the elimination of intermediate-range and shorter-range nuclear forces (INF) began to study the possibility of creating such missiles. This was stated by Deputy Secretary of state for arms control and international security Andrea Thompson, speaking at a conference in Washington the Carnegie endowment.
The under Secretary explained that the Department of defense is studying the possibility of creating the INF, "the deployment of these systems." "They just started to do it" she said.
"Now, when we suspend and go out from it [the INF Treaty], the Ministry of defense to start this research and development, which they still have not worked due to the fact that we are in compliance with the contract. The Pentagon is considering its next steps," explained Thompson.
For reference: on 1 February the President of the United States Donald trump and Secretary of state of the United States Michael Pompeo has announced that Washington will suspend execution of obligations under the INF Treaty on 2 February, and six months will cease to be a member, because it believes that Russia allegedly violates the agreement. In response, Russian President Vladimir Putin February 2, announced the suspension of Moscow's participation in the agreement. He instructed to initiate negotiations with Washington on the issue, stressing that the us itself needs to Mature to conduct equal and meaningful dialogue. On March 4, Putin signed a decree on suspension of the fulfillment of the terms of the INF Treaty, the press service of the Kremlin reported that the document was signed proceeding from the necessity of taking action because of a violation of the US obligations under the contract.
Angela Merkel endorsed the idea of building a single European carrier. Reported by the Associated Press. Earlier, the leader of the party "Christian democratic Union" Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Merkel replaced on this post in December last year, spoke about the joint efforts of Germany and France on the development of shared combat aircraft.
For the first time about it it became known in February, told Deutsche Welle. "The next step could be the beginning of a symbolic project for the establishment of a single European carrier," said crump, Karrenbauer. "It is right and good that Europe has such opportunities," — said Merkel in response to the proposal.
Reference: Now the carriers are available from five European countries: UK, Germany, France, Spain and Italy.
The staff of the Laboratory defence science and technology DSTL (Defence Science and Technology Laboratory) of the UK Ministry of defence recruited psychologists, philosophers, and scholars working in universities in the United Kingdom, for research of new methods of psychological warfare. On Wednesday the newspaper "the guardian".
According to the publication, the British military developed a special project aimed at identifying the relationship between arts, Humanities and social Sciences and the formation of various military tactics and security strategies, including "psychological operations". In DSTL said that for its implementation are allocated about 70 million pounds (92 million dollars).
Background: the program is expected to bring together leading educational institutions of the Kingdom, including Cambridge and Lancaster universities.
The U.S. army has contracted with the American military-industrial company Northrop Grumman Corporation to manufacture control systems and communication corporations in the first phase of a missile defense system and air defense in Poland, the transaction amount is 713 million dollars, said the Corporation.
Vice President, Northrop Grumman Dan Verville (Dan Verwiel) stated that "Poland has taken a leading role in today's complex threats, preferring IBCS" systems that were developed decades ago to counter threats of a completely different profile.
"IBCS - future diversified operations, and with it Poland will have a modern system for upgrading capabilities of missile defense and air defense", - he added.
In February, the Minister of national defence of Poland Mariusz Blascak said that the country plans to spend more than $ 50 billion in the next seven years to modernize the army.
In March 2018 in Warsaw signed a contract for the supply of Poland of the U.S. Patriot air defense systems.
Background: it is Planned that the first phase in 2021 or 2022 — Poland will get two batteries of Patriot missiles PAC-3 MSE and elements of the system control and communication IBCS. As has been repeatedly stated by representatives of the Polish leadership, it is expected that the new air defense system will be deployed near the border with Russia.
The Islamic revolutionary guard corps (IRGC, part of the armed forces) has conducted large-scale exercises in the Persian Gulf, where we made use not less than 50 armed drones, according to news Agency Mehr.
First, the Iranian military conducted exercises while using such a number of UAVs, where in addition to the shock RQ-170 includes other drones, the Agency said.
Mehr reports that the drones were able to accurately hit targets during a training exercise, flying over thousands of kilometers.
NEW RUSSIAN WEAPONS
The holding "Ruselectronics" (included in rostec) is developing a new modification of stations visual optical interference Filin, and also increases the range of your existing version, told RIA Novosti in the press service of the holding.
It specified that the developers have nearly completed the project to retrofit the station verifocal lens, allowing at least one and a half times to increase the power of the emitter (respectively, to increase the range of the station), as well as to expand the angle of impact.
The modular architecture used in the creation of products, allows to make the transition to the creation of a range of stations that can satisfy the diverse requirements of the customers by application needs and location.
About the station
Station "owl" developed by JSC "experimental plant "Integral" (part of "Roselektronika"). It is designed to suppress at night and twilight time of visual-optical and optical-electronic channels of supervision and aiming of small arms and melee weapons, used against surface ships and boats of the Navy. Action stations is based on the modulation of the brightness of the light radiation. Low-frequency oscillations of radiation intensity through stimulating the optic nerves to cause temporary, reversible disorder of the organs of vision.
Radiation in the visible and infrared spectra in combination with high frequency modulation of brightness at ranges up to five thousand meters effectively inhibit night vision devices, laser rangefinders, infrared guidance system anti-tank guided missiles.
The Minister of defence of Russia Sergey Shoigu said that four submarines and seven surface warships will be built for the Navy (VMF) in 2019. About it reports a press-service of the Ministry of defence.
"In 2019 shipbuilding program of the enterprises included in the structure of the United shipbuilding Corporation (USC), provides for the construction of seven warships," — said Shoigu.
He also added that this year it is expected to complete repairs of seven ships. Earlier, a source reported that Russia by the end of 2020-ies plans to build two destroyers with nuclear power plant project 23560 type "Leader".
ABOUT THE REARMAMENT OF THE ARMY
Batch of new anti-aircraft missile systems (SAM) Buk-M3 will go this year, stationed in Siberia 41st combined-arms army, the press service of the Central military district.
Reference: SAM Buk-M3 allows to intercept almost all the cruise missiles and aerodynamic targets. On the launcher placed 12 missiles, self-propelled fire installation - six. Distinctive features of new anti-aircraft missile complexes in comparison with previous versions are the capacity of chassis for greater number of missiles (six in transport-launch containers against four air defense missile systems Buk-M2) and improved control system and protection of the crew from blasting.
About 100 units of military equipment entered the army of the southern military district (YUVO) in January-March 2019.
In the framework of re-continued the supply in the tank and mechanized infantry combined arms of tanks T-72B3, infantry fighting vehicles BMP-3M and BTR-82A.
During the last week, troops of the district joined about 40 units of military and special equipment, including about 20 units of reactive systems of volley fire (MLRS) "Tornado-With", about 20 units of motor vehicles and modern communication equipment.
Just 2019, the troops YUVO planned arrival more than 1,000 of the latest and upgraded models of weapons and military equipment, equipped with modern means of communications and automated control systems.
Background: Until the end of 2020, the troops of the southern military district plan to increase the share of modern samples of all types of weapons and military equipment by land, sea and air component to 70%, and in some samples up to 100%.
In Leningrad region the calculations are the latest anti-aircraft missile systems s-400 to intercede on combat duty in air defense of military, administrative and civilian objects.
A new system of military personnel of anti-aircraft missile regiment of the Western military district received the representatives of the manufacturer at the Kapustin Yar in the Astrakhan region. After carrying out test firings calculations made March combined length of over 2 thousand km in Leningrad oblast.
Reference: Before getting the latest technology crews have been retrained at the training center air defense forces.
Modern complex electronic warfare 1Л262 "Mercury-BM" first entered service with the motorized infantry connection of the 41st combined arms army Central military district (CVO), stationed in the Kemerovo region.
Reference: the Fighting machine "Mercury-BM" is designed to protect manpower and equipment, covering the areas of concentration of troops, separate stationary and moving objects, capable of neutralizing shells equipped with radio controlled fuses, on an area up to 50 ha. If necessary, the complex can be used to jam the frequencies at which the enemy is radio. It is based on an armoured tracked chassis MT-LB, which has a sufficiently high performance mobility. A crew consists of two humans, and the deployment time of the complex is less than 10 minutes.
Pskov connection VDV received 31 BMD-4M and 8 BTR-MDM "Rakushka". The latest technology transferred to the personnel of one of the assault battalions of the composition of the 104th guards air assault regiment.
Unit commanders and vehicle crews earlier in a planned manner passed the two-month refresher course at the training centre of the VDV in Omsk.
Currently, the airborne troops set and adopted five battalion sets of BMD-4M and BTR-MDM. Taking into account the planned supply of modern new (upgraded) samples of armored vehicles in 2019 in the airborne and air assault divisions will be available in two battalion sets. The share of modern samples of weapons and equipment the troops will also increase and will amount to about 68 percent.
In the unit in 2011 received more than 70 thousand means of airlift of personnel, equipment and cargo and more than 900 rounds of main armament, military
and special equipment, which allowed to increase the potential for fire to lose more than 16 %, increase survivability by more than 20 %, and maneuverability of almost 1.3 times.
Reference : BMD-4M is the latest high-speed floating caterpillar machine is equipped with the most modern high-tech weapons systems. With the advent of these machines in combat and combat capabilities of units of the Pskov connection will increase significantly. The main armament BMD-4M includes 100-mm gun with ammunition and 34 high-explosive shells and 4 guided missiles "Arkan", 30-mm automatic gun with ammunition, 500 rounds of various purposes, a 7.62 mm machine gun.
The BTR-MDM Rakushka-Russian desantiruemye armored personnel carrier, developed at the Volgograd tractor plant. The machine has a weight of 13.2 tons and is armed with two machine guns. The crew consists of two people, and the number of passengers inside the vehicle reaches 13 people. "Shell" is intended for transportation of personnel (troops), ammunition, spare parts, fuel and lubricants in airborne units, and marine corps.
Fighting calculations of antiaircraft rocket complexes With-400 "Triumph" anti-aircraft missile regiment of the compound the air defense of the Baltic fleet was on combat duty in air defense in the Kaliningrad region.
Another regimental kit anti-aircraft missile system long-range S-400 "Triumph" entered the Baltic fleet in the framework of the state defense order. New anti-aircraft missile system arrived at the point of permanent deployment in the Kaliningrad region from Kapustin Yar in the Astrakhan region after a successful initial firings.
Reference: s-400 "Triumph" is designed for high efficiency destruction of aircraft strategic and tactical aircraft, ballistic missiles, hypersonic targets and other means of air attack in conditions of electronic and other types of resistance.
The system is capable at ranges up to 400 km to hit aerodynamic targets and at ranges up to 60 km ballistic targets flying at speeds up to 4.8 km/s at altitudes from a few meters to several tens of kilometers.
Military equipment on the platform "Armata" will go into service of the Central military district (CVO) after 2021.
"On the "Armata", we will get after 2021," - said the commander of the Central military district Colonel-General Alexander Lapin.
Reference: "Armata" heavy tracked unified platform on which to create the main tank, infantry fighting vehicle, armored personnel carriers and other armored vehicles. T-14 is created on the platform "Armata", was first shown publicly at the Victory parade in Moscow on 9 may 2015. The new combat vehicle has received a fully digital equipment, a desert tower, an isolated armored capsule for the crew.
First deliveries of the modernized tanks T-90M "Breakthrough" in Ural tank division stationed in the Chelyabinsk and Sverdlovsk oblasts of the Central military district (CVO) will begin in 2019.
"We get this year several units of tanks T-90M in the famed 90th Panzer division," - said the commander of the Central military district Colonel-General Alexander Lapin.
Reference: T-90M "break" got a completely new tower, different from production and a more powerful engine. "Breakthrough" is equipped with new multi-channel eye, providing the use of weapons in any time of the day, and one of the main features of the upgraded tank is the ability to communicate with other machines in real time. The T-90M is equipped with a special coating, which protects against sliding - the same used on the newest T-14 "Armata".
Russia's armed forces in 2019 for the first time will get shock unmanned aerial vehicles medium range. This was announced on Monday, the Russian defense Minister Sergei Shoigu at the meeting of the Duma Committee on defense.
He noted that since 2012, the army formed 38 military units, the arms of which are more than 2 thousand drones.
"This year we will begin to enter service with the reconnaissance-strike complexes of average range", - said the Minister.
ON MILITARY-TECHNICAL COOPERATION
To form a battalion of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVS) to the Russian military base in Tajikistan received five new complexes "Aileron".
A battalion of unmanned aircraft in the compound will form by June this year. In the new units will be company UAV small and short-range, armed with complexes UAV "Orlan-10", "Leer-3" "Aileron", "Garnet" and "Tachyon". Currently, the crews are trained according to plans, training, improve management skills and information with the use of existing in service models blah BLAH.
Also, the battalion will enter the squad with the UAV long-range, equipped with a complex "Outpost". This machine can accelerate to 200 kilometers per hour and its range is 250 km.
The presence at the military base of units of the unmanned aircraft will increase its combat capabilities in the field of intelligence, adjust the fire of artillery and tank units.
Background: Stationed in Tajikistan, the 201st military base — the largest military facility of Russia abroad. Is located in two cities — Dushanbe and Bokhtar. According to the signed in October 2012 agreement, the connection will remain in Tajikistan until 2042.
March 14, 2019 in Moscow under the chairmanship of chief of the General staff of the RF armed forces – first Deputy Minister of defence of the Russian Federation General of the army V. V. Gerasimov held a regular meeting of the Committee of chiefs of staffs of armed forces of States-participants of the CIS.
Heads of delegations of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan discussed issues of cooperation in the military sphere.
In particular, the sides discussed issues of cooperation in the field of application and counter unmanned aerial vehicles, topographic support of the armed forces, the planned joint activities for the next year.
In addition, he discussed a range of issues of cooperation in the field of defense and security of mutual interest.
ABOUT THE TESTS
Russian hypersonic missile "Zircon" at the end of 2019 for the first time launch of a warship of project 22350 frigate "Admiral Gorshkov". This was reported by TASS source in the military-industrial complex of the Russian Federation.
Earlier missile test was conducted only with the coastal bench, recalled the source.
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