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Military review. Developments in the field of defence and security in the media. Media monitoring during the week 12 to 18 December 2016
Material posted: Publication date: 18-12-2016
The operation to liberate Aleppo from the terrorists ended; two of the patrol boat "Raptor" for the Russian Navy was launched in St. Petersburg; Russia create a hypersonic aircraft to overcome missile defense; tekhmash has developed a new protective agent for ships; Arctic drones will not freeze in the air; strategic missile forces commander spoke about the "space Odyssey" missiles "Topol"; new radar station "Approach" to intercede on combat duty in the videoconferencing; the mobile missile complexes "YARS" entered service in Yoshkar-Ola compounds; more than 500 sets of combat equipment "Warrior" has got the scouts call in the Nizhny Novgorod region; Regardie in 2016 has received several reconnaissance drones helicopter type; began the second phase of the factory tests of the military transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A. About these and other developments in the monitoring of the media during the week from 12 to 18. 12. 2016.

The normalization of relations between Moscow and Washington requires Russia to develop a different approach to the U.S., said last week the press Secretary of the White house Joshua Ernest.

During the regular press briefing Ernest were critical about the statements of President-elect Donald trump in favor of warmer relations with Russia and his decision to nominate for the post of Secretary of state, the head of the oil Corporation Exxon Mobil Rex Tillerson, known for its working relationship with the Russian authorities.

Answering the question, does leaving the Obama administration something negative potential warming of relations between Moscow and Washington with trump, Ernest assured that the us "would welcome further opportunities" to "work with Russia".

"However, this will require additional unilateral concessions of Russia (from the USA - approx. TASS), and the willingness of Russians to deal honestly with the American people, achieving their stated goals. In a sense, as long as Russia has not signaled a willingness to take a different approach in relations with the United States, we will get into stormy waters," - said the representative of the White house.

The improvement of relations between Moscow and Washington must be accompanied by "a change in behavior and the change of strategy by the Russians," he said.

Meanwhile

From the partnership of Russia and the USA in the security sphere can not escape, the countries responsible for the maintenance of world peace; however, Moscow and Washington are quite unable to live without each other in trade and economy, said Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.

According to the head of the government, cooperation of the Russian Federation and the United States will always be divided into two sectors.

The first sector is the issue of international security. According to Medvedev, this field is always consultations between the two countries was conducted and will be conducted. It said Medvedev, covers all the issues: strategic parity and nuclear deterrence, and the issues major and local conflicts such as Syria, discussing the most important topics for the planet at the UN.

The second segment of cooperation, according to Medvedev, where Russian and U.S. partners are optional and can live without each other, is the economy.

HOT SPOTS

Last week the militants of the terrorist group "Islamic state" (banned in Russia) erupted in Palmyra with car bombings and explosives. About this informed the official representative of the Ministry of defense of Russia Igor Konashenkov.

As said Konashenkov, the Syrian authorities make every effort for the early release of Palmyra from the militants.

The gang IG took Palmyra (240 km from Damascus) on Sunday (December 11). The Governor of HOMS province Talal al-Barazi reported that Syrian troops before their withdrawal were able to evacuate 80% of the population.

The reaction of the US coalition

On 14 December the commander of U.S. troops in Iraq, Lieutenant General Stephen Townsend said that the terrorists could capture in Palmyra air defenses. On the question of whether the possible seizure of weapons threat to the United States, the General noted that Washington is able to cope with it.

Russia's Reaction

The defense Ministry said that the left in the Palmyra Syrian military a small number of weapons is not a threat to the US-led coalition. This was discussed in the press release of the Ministry, arrived in edition "Tapes.ru".

"What should really worry the General Townsend is a recent resolution of the U.S. Congress on the supply of Syrian rebels in 2017 American man-portable air defence systems. Not hard to guess in whose hands they will be after delivery to the territory of Syria," — said the official representative of the Ministry Igor Konashenkov.

Meanwhile

The Syrian army is the result of offensive dislodged (15 December) militants from all the districts of Aleppo under their control. This was announced by Deputy head of the Main operations Directorate of the General staff of the Armed forces of the Russian Federation the General-Lieutenant Victor Pozniki.

"As a result of offensive actions of the militants driven out of all neighborhoods under their control. The Syrian army during the fighting, eliminated more than 900 terrorists killed dozens of heavy weapons and military equipment," - said Pesnihi.

"As a result of the operation against terrorists is completely freed 105 quarters of the city of Aleppo, on a total area of 78.5 square kilometers," the General added.
According to the General staff of the armed forces, more than 3.4 thousand militants of "moderate opposition" has ceased to resist and laid down their arms during the liberation of Eastern Aleppo.

Over 7 thousand civilians have already returned to their homes in Eastern Aleppo, said the General staff.

NAVY

Two high-speed patrol boat "Raptor" (project 03160) for the Russian Navy was launched at a shipyard "Pella" in St. Petersburg, said the representative of the Department of information and mass communications of the Russian defense Ministry for the Navy captain 1st rank Igor Dygalo, reports TASS.

According to him, the patrol boat "Raptor" project 03160 designed to perform tasks in the near zone in the light and the dark. They have the potential of delivery of Marines (at least 20 persons) to the destination ensuring mobile landing or on any other object. They also had the ability to carry a patrol in assigned areas to intercept and detain small surface targets and perform search and rescue functions.

Spravochno: navigation Area "Raptor" - the coastal zone of seas, Straits, estuaries in an ice-free navigation period in the light and the dark, removing from home to 100 miles.The crew of the boat - three people and is armed with a combat module consisting of a machine gun of 14.5 mm, gyrostabilized opto-electronic module and the fire control system. The module is able to detect targets on the background noise, calculate the trajectory of the target and adjust fire with adjustment for external factors. The target detection range is 3 km away. the boat is equipped with two machine guns 6П41 "Pecheneg" 7.62 mm.

Missile submarine strategic purpose "Prince Pozharsky" will be laid on the "Sevmash" in Severodvinsk on December 23, 2016, the press service of the company.

A nuclear submarine of the fourth generation "Prince Pozharsky" - a complete series of eight SSBNs of project 955 "Borey".

Note: SSBNs of project 955 "Borey"/"Borey" designed by the St. Petersburg Central design Bureau for marine engineering "Rubin" and belong to the latest generation of nuclear strategic missile submarines. Each atomaria is on Board 16 Intercontinental ballistic missiles of sea basing "Bulava".

ABOUT THE REARMAMENT OF THE ARMY

New mobile radar station (radar) combat mode "Reaching" for reconnaissance of the air situation to intercede on combat duty in the Moscow radio-technical regiment of the aerospace defence forces, the Department of information and mass communications of the Russian defense Ministry.

Reference: Mobile radar station (radar) combat mode "Approach" is able to automatically detect, determine coordinates, capture and maintenance of various air targets: aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles, including made by technology "Stealth". The station capabilities allow to simultaneously track at least 200 targets at a height of over 10 kilometers and at a range of over 200 kilometers.

The specialists of aviation engineering service of the Western military district (ZVO) adopted at plants in Rostov-on-don and Kazan another batch of attack helicopters Mi-28N "Night hunter" and transport-combat helicopters Mi-8MTV-5, the press service of the military district.

On each of the helicopters in full carried out to test the specified functions and characteristics in the air and on the ground. New aircraft will join the combat strength of the connections army aviation call based in Leningrad region.

Currently flying the new air connection has already started scheduled flights on helicopters Mi-8MTV-5 and Mi-26T, received by the district in November of this year. In the near future scheduled flights will start and the crews of the Mi-28N, passed retraining for new equipment.

Reference: Mi-28N has a high reliability and maneuverability. He is able to perform aerobatics, which allows to effectively perform in combat missile maneuver. Armed with "Night of the hunter" is an air gun that allows the pilot in flight to select the type of ammunition — armor-piercing or high-explosive. The helicopter is equipped with screen-exhaust devices that minimize the probability of falling rockets.In battle, the machine is able to effectively support the ground troops, destroying manpower and military equipment of the opponent in difficult weather conditions day and night.

In accordance with the indicators of the State defence order for 2016 made the purchase of weapons, military and special equipment for equipment and staging for combat duty 23 launchers missile system "YARS" in the mobile and stationary options based. This provided the re-equipment of five missile regiments missile complex "YARS" mobile ground option in Yoshkar-Ola, Irkutsk, Novosibirsk and Tagil missile divisions and fixed - in the Kozelsk missile division.

According to the Department of information and mass communications of the Russian defense Ministry in December 2016 on combat duty to intercede shelves in Yoshkar-Ola, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, and the Kozelsk strategic missile forces.

Missile complex "YARS" will belong to one of the key roles in addressing a number of designated tasks of strategic deterrence. In the Republic of Kazakhstan implemented the options missile trajectory maneuver to evade interceptors ABOUT. One of the most common versions, the abbreviation "YARS" stands for "nuclear missile deterrence."

Reference: design features of "Yarsa" allow launches from venues where "Topol" could be on duty only after the special engineering equipment. Improved characteristics of the communication means and the base chassis, and the missile itself became more powerful, and is practically not vulnerable to existing anti-missile defenses. Qualitatively changed and combat equipment "YARS".

Joint exploration of the 20th field army of the Western military district (ZVO), stationed in the Nizhny Novgorod region, received more than 500 sets of combat equipment "Warrior". In 2017 the troops ZVO will continue conversion to the new sets of combat equipment, the press service of the district.

Reference: Combat outfit "Ratnik" is a unique complex of modern means of protection, communications and weapons designed for operations in various climatic conditions any time of the day. The kit includes about 60 items that can be divided into a system of protection and sustenance, and the means of intelligence, control and communication, including the universal cover, multifunctional knife, lighting a lamp, clock, double-sided camouflage kit for winter and summer, stand-alone heat source, RAID backpack, personal water filter, a small infantry shovel, means of protection of respiratory organs, means of radiation, chemical control, special and first aid.

More than 700 units of new equipment entered the troops of the Central military district in 2016. This was in the Urals regional information center TASS said the assistant commander of the district Colonel Yaroslav Roshchupkin.

One of them includes the complexes "Iskander-M" air defense missile-gun complex "Pantsir-S1", eight planes, three helicopters Mi-24 modern modifications, more than 50 tanks T-72B3.

According to Roshchupkin, special attention to the command of the district to the education and activities at the Central Asian strategic direction.

Reference: the Central military district, stationed on the territory of three Federal districts and 29 regions of Russia. Part of the structural part a number of foreign objects: the 201st military base in Tajikistan, the Kant airbase in Kyrgyzstan, as well as units on the territory of Kazakhstan.

Federal service of national guard troops this year delivered several unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) vertical takeoff and landing, announced on Thursday, "Interfax-AVN" in the military-industrial complex.

"Last year, completed the first delivery "NELK B6" to Internal troops (VV) MVD. Now based EXPLOSIVES formed Regardie and received in the current year, several drones of this type," - said the Agency interlocutor.

According to him, the complex with the drone "NELK B6" previously passed the full cycle of state tests and received a serial letter sample for supply to the power structures of the country.

Background: during a factory test NELK-B6 in fully automatic mode was achieved the following results: flight time 37 minutes, the maximum distance from the starting point - 2 068 m. the Length of the path travelled was 10 650 m. Mass BLAH - about three and a half kg (depending on model). Payload mass up to two kg.

The air defence system of the Republic of Crimea at the moment is completely integrated into the air defense system of Russia, told RIA Novosti press-service of the southern military district.

In addition, in December on the Peninsula will be put on combat duty system s-400 "Triumph", the Agency said the commander of the 4th army of VVS and PVO Victor Sevostyanov.

Meanwhile

A full squadron of naval aviation of the black sea fleet of multi-role fighters su-30CM, formed in the Crimea, said the head of the information service of the black sea fleet captain 1st rank Vyacheslav Trukhachev.

According to him, a squadron of su-30SM is in constant combat readiness.

Reference: su-30 is a modern fighter gaining dominance in the air. Designed to destroy air targets, including on the background of the earth, control of the airspace, blocking enemy airfields at great depths and operations for onshore and offshore facilities. The crew — 2 people. The service ceiling of 17.5 km, the flight range of 3,200 km, combat load is 6 tons. Can carry cruise missiles, medium-range and guided aerial bombs. The su-30SM ("serial modernized") in service since 2012.

ABOUT THE TESTS

As reported, OJSC "Aviation complex named after S. V. Ilyushin", the first prototype of the heavy military transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A (serial number 0102) began the second phase of the factory tests.

The plane was piloted by the crew of the test pilot OJSC "Il" under the command of chief pilot of the Aviation complex. Ilyushin Hero of the Russian Federation honored test pilot of the Russian Federation Nikolay Kuimov.

The flight passed without comment, all systems of the aircraft functioned normally.

Reference: Heavy transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A is a deeply modernized version of the well proven aircraft Il-76MD. Heavy transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A is designed for inter-regional freight. The Il-76MD-90A can be used to transport the sick and injured and for fire-extinguishing purposes fire. The maximum payload has been increased to 52 tons. Maximum takeoff weight increased to 210 tons. The aircraft is a cantilever monoplane with a high wing with four engines mounted on the wing pylons, the T-shaped tail and batistianos chassis scheme. In the rear fuselage bottom is a cargo hatch with a ramp for loading and unloading cargoes and equipment and for parachute dropping purposes. The aircraft can take off from and land on unpaved (soil density up to 7.5 kg/cm2) and concrete airfields with altitude from minus 300 to 3000 m above sea level, and to perform flights at any time of the day over land and water areas. Modernization of the aircraft, involving installation of modern engines, control systems for aircraft, new wing and reinforced chassis greatly enhances operational capabilities of the Il-76MD-90A and increases the accuracy of aircraft navigation and landing.

SCIENCE AND PRODUCTION

Russian scientists are developing a hypersonic aircraft to overcome missile defense, said in an interview with RIA Novosti the head of the design team of the advanced research Foundation Boris Satovsky.

According to him, now the whole world is passing through a critical stage, when taking into account the achieved level of technological development there has been a rethinking of how the use of strategic weapons. In the process of technological development there are new types of weapons, for example based on the hypersonic maneuvering elements.

"Thanks to its outstanding performance characteristics, such systems will be capable of overcoming almost any missile defense system that will not be able to effectively counter the new weapons. This will provide unconditional military-strategic parity in the world in the next 30-40 years", — said the Agency interlocutor.

Background: According to media reports, this year the Russian military has twice tested a hypersonic aircraft designed to replace the traditional prospective warhead for Intercontinental ballistic missiles. In particular, we are talking about heavy ICBMs "Sarmatian", told radio Sputnik military expert Viktor Litovkin. The maneuver, which makes hypersonic warhead after entering the dense layers of the atmosphere, makes it difficult to intercept by missile defense systems. Hypersonic is the speed of flight, significantly (five times or more) greater than the speed of sound in the atmosphere, that is 330 meters per second.

The group "tehmash" of state Corporation rostec, has developed a new coating with increased resistance to aggressive environment and UV radiation. Warranty period extended to 15 years in seawater.

The test results showed that the new remedy, called Argot, their properties are superior to the world analogues.

Reference: Coating line Argov has high adhesion, high resistance to acids, alkalis, petroleum products and saline solutions, and extreme thermostability. If the temperature range of the application of modern coatings is an average of minus 50-60 °C to 120-140 °C, then this tool is heat resistant up to 180 °C above zero. In addition, new development Techmash particularly resistant to ultraviolet radiation and to radiation exposure and repeated decontamination and disinfection.

Russian unmanned aerial vehicles will receive a unique pulse system "heating", which will allow them to be covered with ice even at temperatures below -50 degrees at altitude of several kilometers. The ice crust, which instantly covers the UAV in the skies of the Arctic, degrades the aerodynamic and flight characteristics of the device, disrupts the engines, navigation instruments and radio communications. The latest product developed by the group of companies "Kronstadt". The first new de-icing system will get drones of the family, "Orion", which will be engaged in search and rescue operations, aerial surveying and patrolling the Russian exclusive Maritime economic zone in the Arctic. This "news" said Deputy Director of LLC "Kronshtadt Unmanned Systems" Vladimir Voronov

According to him, the test of the new system were held on the basis of the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute. N. E. Zhukovsky on special stands artificial icing at temperatures of airflow from 0 to -20 degrees, under the impact of supercooled water droplets, similar to those formed in the clouds. Thus, the experiment fully confirmed the possibility of using UAVs with electro-impulse de-icing system in the broadest range of climatic conditions and geographical zones including the Arctic regions.

Reference: anti-Icing system (POS) developed by the group "Kronstadt", is a device on the basis of the frequency oscillators, hidden under the skin of the composite wing of the drone. Submitting them to short-term electrical impulses, the system causes the casing to "vibrate" and thus "dump" his crust of ice.

Booster civilian use may be established on the basis of Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) "Topol" in the relevant decision of the Russian leadership, said the commander of the strategic Missile forces of Russia Colonel-General Sergei Karakayev, RIA Novosti reported.

"Of course, all missiles in service with the strategic missile forces, both liquid and solid, have conversion potential, and "poplar" is no exception. Currently, these programs collapsed, however, in the case of making leadership decision in "space Odyssey" "Poplar" can be continued", — he said.

At the same time, the General said that the missile "Topol" was developed as a ballistic missile for military mobile missile systems and therefore the possibility to increase the volume and mass of the payload is very limited, which reduces the range of its application.

Spravochno: pgrk "Topol" — Russian mobile missile system strategic purpose with a three-stage solid-fuel Intercontinental ballistic missile megaton class, adopted in the late 1980-ies. Open data, currently on duty on the territory of Russia are about seventy of these complexes, the process of withdrawing them from duty as the expiration of the service life of the missiles.

ON MILITARY-TECHNICAL COOPERATION

Russia carried out in 2016 military cooperation with more than 80 countries. This was announced by the chief of the General staff of the Armed forces - first Deputy defense Minister army General Valery Gerasimov at a briefing for foreign military attachés accredited in the Russian Federation, reports TASS.

According to him, the most significant events steel V Moscow conference on international security, Military-technical forum "Army-2016" and the international Army games.

"We intend to continue this practice in 2017. The defense Ministry is open to collaboration and ready to accept applications for participation from all interested countries", - said the chief of staff.

According to him, the defense Ministry's international activity focuses on the development of cooperation with the countries of the CIS, SCO and CSTO.

This year the military contingents of the CSTO member States in the coalition groupings of troops and forces in the course of joint activities of operational and combat training practiced practical issues of preventive activities of extremist terrorist groups in Central Asia, said the captain.

Meanwhile

Turkey and Russia held a meeting of the mixed Commission for military-technical cooperation, told reporters on Thursday in a press-service of Federal service for military-technical cooperation of Russia (FSMTC).

It is clarified that the XII meeting of the intergovernmental Russian-Turkish mixed Commission on cooperation in military technical matters and in the field of defense industry took place from 12 to 14 December.

At the end of the meeting a Protocol was signed and its content is not specified.

Note: this meeting is the first after the crisis in relations between Moscow and Ankara, instigated in November 2015 the death of a Russian su-24 bomber which was shot down by Turkish F-16 fighter jet over Syrian territory.

Last week the President of Russia Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe agreed to resume contacts between the two countries in the military sphere, including in the format of "2+2" (foreign Minister and ministries of defense).

Recall that at the time the two countries there was a mechanism of meetings in the format of "2+2", but then he was suspended.

MEMORABLE MILESTONES

15 December each year in Armed forces of Russia celebrates the Day of formation of radio technical troops of Air and space forces (VKS) Russia

The date for the celebration chosen due to the release of 15 December 1951 resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers "On creation of service of early detection of air planes of the enemy." About it reports TASS.

Radar troops (PTB) is designed for radar reconnaissance of the air enemy, the issuance of radar data about air situation the management bodies of the HQs and other branches of the armed forces of the Russian armed forces. In peacetime, the PTB are on combat duty for air defense and carry out tasks on protection of state border of the Russian Federation in the airspace.

Organizational troops consist of Radiotechnical regiments, members of the associations air force and air defense and other parts subject to the General command HQs. Head RTV — major-General Andrew Coban.

Equipment

Troops equipped with modern technical means capable of detecting air targets at altitudes from a few meters to tens of kilometers, among them:

  • radar systems (RLC) medium and high altitudes "Sky-M";
  • Radar medium and high altitudes "Enemy-Г1М", "Sopka-2";
  • Rlk low altitude "Approach-K1" and "Fly-M";
  • Radar low altitude "Caste-2-2".

Troops also get the latest set of automated management tools, "Foundation-M", including and mobile version.

In the fall of 2016, the merger of air force and air defense of the Western military district received five radar "Sky" capable of detecting aircraft and cruise missiles at ranges up to 600 km. According to zamglavnogo VC of the Russian Federation Lieutenant-General Victor Gumenny, by April 2016 the share of modern weapons in the armed forces radio was 45%. In 2014, work is underway to deploy radio units in the Russian part of the Arctic.

17 December 2016 the strategic Missile forces (RVSN) celebrate the 57th anniversary of the formation

In 1959 on this day issued a decree of the USSR Council of Ministers, in accordance with which was established the position of chief of the Rocket forces, formed the headquarters of the strategic missile forces and other military bodies.

In its history the strategic missile forces for its intended purpose as a military force has never been used, but together with other components of Strategic nuclear forces (SNF) visibly present in the solution of many military-political problems.

The Department of information and mass communications of the Russian defense Ministry said that since the formation of the strategic missile forces carried out more than 5 thousand rockets, including about 500 combat training in the course of operational and combat training of troops.

In our days

Today the strategic missile forces is a branch of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, a major component of the strategic nuclear forces of Russia. They are the forces of permanent readiness, bearing continuous duty in readiness to perform combat missions by order of the President of the Russian Federation – the Supreme commander of the Armed Forces of Russia. Every day on duty as part of rescue forces is about 6 thousand people.

In the SRF are more than two-thirds of the nuclear carrier, the strategic nuclear forces of Russia, able in minutes to solve the problem of defeating the objects in enemy territory.

Goals and objectives

In 2016 the strategic missile forces have improved alerting and operation of weapons and military equipment. Was conducted over 100 command post, tactical and special tactical exercises. The following year, the number of exercises will increase by 50%. Under the leadership of commander of the strategic missile forces in 2017 will be held command and staff exercises with the Teykovo Novosibirsk and connections, equipped with the latest pgrk "YARS".

It must be emphasized that in 2017 in the framework of the teachings of the strategic missile forces will be to develop new areas of combat patrols. In addition, next year also will continue the practice of unannounced inspections.

In the past year in the strategic missile forces conducted launches 6 missiles, four of which pursued the goal of experimental testing of performance of new rocket complexes of strategic purpose, one in the service life extension of existing missile systems, one - combat training launch.

Next year it is planned to hold more than 10 start-UPS, which aims to test advanced rocket complexes, extending the life of existing missile systems, and combat training launches.

This year in the strategic missile forces continued work on upgrading to the new types of RK. In December 2016 on combat duty to intercede regiments in Kozelsk, Yoshkar-Ola, Novosibirsk and Irkutsk connection SRF.

In 2017 it is planned to re-equip four missile polka Kozelsk, Yoshkar-Ola, Novosibirsk and Irkutsk connection SRF.

Missile complex "YARS" already significantly enhanced mobile grouping RVSN in the future, no doubt, he would have a key role in solving a number assigned to him tasks of strategic deterrence. Currently, all the required decisions, with the flexibility and multiplicity of the development of groupings of missile systems to respond adequately to existing and emerging threats.

Along with the development of new missiles will be a qualitative improvement in systems of combat troops and weapons control.

In the battle of the strategic missile forces is today about 400 launchers with ICBM. The share of new RK in the grouping of the strategic missile forces will continue to grow.

Ultimately, the strategic Missile forces will have a balanced structure, and weapons will be the optimal number of missiles intended for the solution of diverse problems of nuclear deterrence and the security of Russia.

Has Prepared Anna Beglaryan

Tags: Russia , Syria , USA , armed forces , NATO , AME


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