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Is a stable world possible without nuclear arms control treaties
Material posted: Publication date: 16-11-2020
The problem of nuclear arms control has become obvious for the international scientific community even prior to the tests at the test site in Alamogordo. In the period of the Second World war, winner of the Nobel prize in physics N. Bohr worked on the establishment of a multilateral dialogue between the US, the UK and the Soviet Union on the development of nuclear weapons. The first Institute of nuclear non-proliferation regime began to take shape in 50 years: in 1957, was established by the IAEA and Euratom, to ensure the peaceful use of nuclear technology. At the Geneva meeting of the 1955 first discussed the issue of arms reduction.

The second issue of the international level is connected with the Agreement on a comprehensive test ban Treaty (CTBT). When negotiating the indefinite extension of the NPT Review conference in 1995, the ratification of the CTBT was mentioned as one of the basic principles. However, 24 years later, after, in September 1996, the Treaty was opened for signature, he never entered into force. To date, the Treaty has been signed by 41 States of the 44 required (listed in Annex 2 to the agreement [5]), ratified by 36 of 44. Actually devalues the contract, the lack of ratification by two permanent members of the UN security Council - the US and China.

In addition, the trend toward the blurring of boundaries between nuclear and non-nuclear weapons advantage of China is the presence of a hypersonic missile program-planning systems (such programs are only in Russian – avant-garde, and the United States – the "Conventional prompt global strike")[15].

[15] T. B. Anichkina the Development of high-precision conventional weapons, long-range// Security and arms control 2017-2018: overcoming the imbalance of international stability, [resp. Ed. Arbatov A. G., Bubnova N. And. ]. – M.: IMEMO ran. 2018. – S. 48.

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