The CSTO summit in Sochi showed that the future of the organization more rosy than it seemed before. Member States of the Organization of the collective security Treaty ready to stand together against the threats that entails destabilizing policies of the US and NATO in relation to many Muslim countries, told the "Voice of Russia" Director of the Center for strategic estimates and projections Sergey Grinyaev
Guest-in-Studio "voice of Russia" - Sergey Grinyaev, Director of the Center for strategic estimates and projections.
Interview is Andrei Ilyashenko.
Ilyashenko: Hello, dear listeners. We would like to discuss the outcome of the Sochi summit of the collective security Treaty organization (the Organization of collective security Treaty). Let me remind you that there gathered the leaders of all six countries included in the organization. As the host of the meeting was presided by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin. Was made a number of very important foreign policy statements, adopted documents.
To evaluate the results of the summit we asked Sergey Nikolaevich Grinyaev - Director of the Center for strategic estimates and projections. He is with us in the Studio.
First, I would like to understand why the leaders of the CSTO meet so often? In may, he held an informal summit in Bishkek. Now leaders met in Sochi on the formal summit, during which the presidency in the organization transferred from Kyrgyzstan to Russia.
Grinyaev: the Military-political situation in the world, primarily the situation in the middle East, forces the world leaders in General to meet more often. With regard to military-political blocs, the situation is unambiguous - they must keep abreast of and understand developments in different parts of the planet.
As I said, the determining factor for the intensity of meetings between the heads of the CSTO member States in recent months was the situation in Syria and around it. Member States block themselves in recent years, often felt the threat of terrorist activity and extremism of various kinds. Everything that happens in Syria with the pain responds including in member States of the CSTO.
Ilyashenko: Probably, it is also important that a number of CSTO member countries are Muslim countries? The conflict in Syria has a religious dimension.
Grinyaev: dimensions of this conflict, of course, a lot. You rightly noted that one of the key results of recent CSTO summit in Sochi was a consolidated position of the countries-participants of the CSTO on the Syrian issue.
The position of our counterparts - the military-political block of NATO on Syria is diametrically opposite to the position of the CSTO. Most importantly, and in the NATO there is no consolidated position on this issue.
It is frequent meetings, discussion of issues related to the safety of not only regional, but also global, allowed the CSTO countries to come to the Sochi summit with a common position and voice that position in the outcome document of the event.
Ilyashenko: of Course, Syria is a very important topic, but it seems that by and large members of the CSTO, Afghanistan, its future, especially in the context of the withdrawal of contingents of the USA and NATO, is not opportunistic and strategic importance for quite a long period. What's new has brought this summit to discuss the Afghan problem?
Grinyaev: First of all, the issue of Afghanistan's future, with its impact on security including member States of the CSTO was one of the main issues of the summit. The issue is of particular relevance in the context of that is the withdrawal of American and NATO troops from that country.
However, in this vein, I would like to note that the alleged Washington strategy for withdrawal of its troops from that country should not be perceived so clearly. In Afghanistan and after the stated period will remain a significant number of troops. First of all, this unit of special operations.
In recent years increased their presence in the country by organizations such as the CIA, the national security Agency (NSA) and other special forces and service both from Washington and its NATO allies. To say that the military presence of Washington and NATO will be weakened prematurely.
Afghanistan remains one of the key places in the geopolitics of the region, is one of the possible corridors for the transport of hydrocarbons from Central Asia to the Indian ocean. This role is not coming, it will be so for decades. This role will determine the key steps of the States towards this country...
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