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The army and a complex future. Trends of development of the armed forces of the United States
Material posted: Publication date: 12-02-2015

Important interview of Lieutenant General G. Mac Master in one of the leading intellectual centers of American military thought - the Center for strategic and international studies, is the fact that the focus and main point of application of intellectual efforts of the army today is shifting from information domain to the cognitive. American military experts are trying to improve the cycles of decision making at all levels, to solve the problem of increasing the cohesion of units and so on. The overall conclusion - it looks like Network and domain information war already learned, brought to doctrines and statutes, now taken to the development of more subtle domains.

In his speech at the Center for strategic and international studies (CSIS), Lieutenant-General G. Mac Master said. According to the new concept ("Army operating concept"), future operations will be based on civil-military cooperation and will be managed through the joint command at army units should provide the Foundation for action by other parties to the transaction. The army must integrate them and provide various kinds of support (intelligence, engineering, etc.).

It is increasingly clear that the army must be involved in the resolution of not only military conflicts, but also when dealing with an emergency (for example, the fight against Ebola). The army is not only military, but comprehensive national strength of the country.

Effectively perform operations of a different nature in the conditions of the modern world taking into account the extreme uncertainty (uncertainty) and complexity (complexity) of the world and of human relationships (human interactions). You need to concentrate more on the nature of the conflict, as well as the study of the reasons why soldiers are involved in it (of these there are usually three reasons: fear, duty and self-interest).

The uncertainty of the conflict are complicated by the fact that the enemy takes counter-measures, and need to focus on what he plans, how he sees the future.

When studying the conditions of operations need to explore the environment, which has contextualised property concerning activities.

A new conceptual approach is the combined use of the capabilities (skills) of various forces (joint combined operations), the selectivity of their use in each case. The General says that Russia is using today conventional war to return impact on Eurasia.

It is necessary to consider the role of non-state actors participating in conflicts. And new hybrid warfare. An important aspect is the technological support of operations and combination of technologies and human capabilities.
You must keep up with the spread of the influence of the opponent in all dimensions (informational, physical).

Changing role of military aviation, it is not able now to cope with the tasks, in this regard, the role of ground troops. Stated the abandonment of the concept of global strike with precision weapons. In addition, the authors also consider the empowerment of local groups more military and other support to ensure the decentralization of action.

The development of the capacity of the armed forces should be based on the balance of three key aspects: mobility, protection and firepower. For this purpose we developed an overall concept of the work adequate to the complexity of the modern world US Army Warfighting challenges.

During the discussion of the report highlighted the key steps implemented today to achieve the above goals:

1. The development of educational programs in the field of leadership training and preparation for the conduct of operations. For this purpose Training Brain Operation Center. It contains a database of many conflicts to play their conditions and the training of military personnel. There has also been the development of techniques pedagogical leadership (advanced pedagogical techniques, naturalistic decision-making), as well as the development of understanding, cognitive dominance (cognitive domination) on the opponent.

2. Decentralization is provided for quick access from the very "low level" to additional types of military support (air, ground, sea), instantaneous concentration of troops in a certain location.

The full interview is available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zOs2VkUDIc&spfreload=10

Summary translation was prepared by Dmitry Medvedev


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