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Was your — will be ours: whether Russia can intercept drones USA
Material posted: Publication date: 10-08-2020
Russia in the course of a recent exercise I developed "protivomoroznyh shield" in the Kaliningrad region. Foreign analysts consider this measure as a response to the deployment of American drones MQ-9 Reaper in Estonia. In Poland even suspect that Russian electronic warfare systems able to seize control of American UAVS. Whether so it actually — understood "Газета.Ru".

A view from Poland

According to the Polish edition Defence24, at the recent teachings in the Kaliningrad region, units of the Baltic fleet worked out various scenarios of struggle with foreign unmanned aerial vehicles. A characteristic feature of these events was a complex use as anti-aircraft missile and artillery systems, and specialized systems, electronic warfare attacks, unmanned aerial vehicles.

According to the newspaper, the maneuvers, held on one of the polygons of the Kaliningrad region, was not particularly different from the already well-established informed of the scheme.

"The Russians were practicing the defense of their own command point from attack of shock unmanned aerial vehicles a potential enemy," — noted in Warsaw.

For this purpose, as writes Defence24 in the region was established "air defense dome" with a radius of a few tens of kilometers. To implement this plan were deployed modern Russian complex electronic warfare (EW) and electronic intelligence (RTR) RB-341В "Leer-3" anti-aircraft gun missile systems "Armour-C1." Feature of the complex "Leer-3" is the delivery of electronic warfare and RTR targets with unmanned aerial vehicles.

According to Polish analysts, the method for detecting an approaching unmanned aerial vehicles of the enemy, used by the Russians, is not clearly described. According to the official Russian Ministry of defense, BLAH during the exercises found specialists in electronic intelligence.

Shock UAVS very often work in passive mode, says Defence24. They perform a combat mission autonomously, without constant communication with the ground operator.

"However, the Russian claim that even in this mode, the attacking drones were destroyed on the distant approaches to the defended object first anti-aircraft guided missiles, and fire break finished off by 30-mm artillery systems sprc "Pantsir-S1", says the Polish newspaper.

In the near zone, these exercises have already been used as electronic warfare systems to create insurmountable difficulties in the operation of the control and navigation of UAVS, write Polish analysts. According to the defense Ministry, "the integrated use of electronic warfare and air defense provides reliable protection of their facilities from air strikes of the potential enemy".

According to Defence24, "the information provided by the Russians, contains several ambiguities". According to Polish analysts, do not understand the way combat use complexes RB-341В "Leer-3". The mobile electronic warfare system designed primarily for suppression of mobile communication, i.e. simulates the operation of the base station of cellular network in GSM 900 and GSM 1800 and the sending of false signals (messages). The complex itself, the publication, created on the base of the truck KAMAZ-5350, which, however, "there are no directional jamming antenna, useful for combat drones".

Transmitters interference with an average power up to 10 W in this complex is equipped with at least two UAV of the type of "Orlan-10". They completed the system RB-341В "Leer-3". Flat antenna EW "Comet" that comes with this BLAH, now should weigh (according to Russians) only 60 grams (in 2016, after development by the order of Russian General staff, they weigh 135 grams).

It is a great success, according to the Polish edition, given the fact that Russia was working on such miniature antennas only seven years old.

UAV "Orlan-10" can operate within 100 km from the station of the operator and stay in the air for about 10 hours, and discerning, perhaps interrupting cell communication, even in a radius of 6 km, I believe in Warsaw. According to the statement of the Ministry of defense of Russia, it seems that these pilotless mini-planes were to be used for "electronic" neutralize foreign drones that really difficult and unlikely, though not impossible.

However, the reality may be otherwise, emphasizes the Polish edition. Today, there are several Russian companies that offer specialized protection system of unmanned aerial vehicles.

"In many cases they are a clear copy Western solutions, including Polish, that does not negate the fact that the technology itself was probably designed by the Russians independently, optionally with the use of mainly Russian components. Perhaps such decisions were used during the recent maneuvers in the Kaliningrad region. As it turns out, Russians have plenty to choose from in this area," write the journalists Defence24.

Combat experience

Polish analysts draw attention to the fact that the Russian defense industry has developed almost all the possible system against unmanned aerial vehicles.

They include mobile systems that are installed in cars and portable devices adapted for use by a single operator, that is, with hands.

The word "operator" used in this case because the Russian company, developing protivokrazhnye system was not only thinking about the needs of the military Department, but also the requests of the civil market, including foreign ones, drew attention to this fact Defence24. Thus, technological solutions, developed in Russia, have been presented at various international exhibitions of weapons and military equipment.

The main role in this case plays the main Russian special exporter "Rosoboronexport" declare their readiness to create for a potential customer multilevel system of protection against attacks of unmanned aerial vehicles, capable to protect a particularly important transport fuel and nuclear infrastructure.

But important was experience and reflection of attacks of BLAH on the Russian air base "Hamim" in Syria.

The enemy used was cheap and primitive, but at the same time very dangerous unmanned aerial vehicles, equipped with improvised explosive devices.

Currently, Russian technical solution effectively to protect strategic targets from this type of attack drones. For implementation of such tasks are best suited to such systems as "Repellent", "Snare-02", "Peregrine-Snipe", "the Dome-PRO", "Boundary-Avtomatika", "Ray", "REX-1 AND REX-2", "RAM-PRO" and "Musket-PRO".

"There's plenty to choose from" — once again emphasizes Defence24.

A number of these systems even look different from their foreign counterparts, and thus they can be truly unique, a private Russian design, according to Polish analysts.

According to the Polish edition, at the disposal of Moscow and systems to combat drones are another proof that the Russian has developed a number of solutions that can really be effective against drones.

As it turns out, the lack of access to Western technology because of the sanctions imposed against Moscow, not an obstacle. Because Russia proves that you can handle yourself.

Limited funding is for the Russians a much bigger problem I assume Polish analysts, because it is not possible to expand mass production and mass implementation of such technical solutions in the armed forces. However, if something the Russians have already been implemented, the first of these systems is sent to Syria and to the Western border of Russia, possibly including Kaliningrad oblast. Here the greatest probability of meeting with reconnaissance drones, and in the case of the Middle East — and even with military drones, says Defence24.

Thus, the information of the Russian defense Ministry on the teachings in the Kaliningrad region may be a warning for the countries of NATO, especially the USA, which in mid-June gave Estonia unmanned aerial vehicles class MALE MQ-9 Reaper.

Expert opinion

As earlier wrote about this "Газета.Ru"unmanned aircraft MQ-9 (owned and operated contractor in the US), relevant staff and support equipment were deployed to the Amari air base in Estonia from their permanent stationing at the air base in Mirosławiec, Poland. On the basis of currently being built runway. UAVS will fly using the "inherent MQ-9 Reaper ("Reaper") multi-mission capability," says Air Force magazine.

The Russians may want thus to stress, says the Polish newspaper that they can not only disturb the work of American unmanned aerial vehicles, but also to take them under his control.

The account of this danger by the Americans when planning a flight to Estonia would be an undoubted success in Russia.

"Indeed, the task of addressing the UAV systems currently on the cutting edge of the means using electronic effects. They are cheaper and in some cases more effectively cope with the task of countering BLAH compared to the systems kinetic effects represented by the air defense", — told "Газете.Ru" chief editor of the magazine "unmanned aircraft" Denis Fedutinov.

First, one of the main applications of such systems is the suppression of communication channels with the UAV. As a result, operators lose the opportunity of obtaining information from the UAV, including telemetry data, and most importantly, lose the ability to control the drone.

Second, it is also often used suppression of signals of satellite navigation systems. As a result, even the most modern reconnaissance and strike UAV equipped with inertial navigation systems, will eventually accumulate the error in the determination of its exact location.

Finally, in the third, using a combination of the mentioned effects on the control channels and navigation. And this approach can give most interesting results.

So, gradually replacing the real coordinates to false, you can cheat the system control UAV and divert it from the route.

Thus, says Denis Fedutinov, direct control, the drone no — that would take the presence of the same control station, knowledge of information exchange protocols etc. But it is possible to create conditions that will allow not only to withdraw the drone from the control of its owners, but also to direct the camera to the desired point in space.

According to experts, it is possible that something similar was used by the Iranian side once, because of unknown circumstances received the order of the secret American UAV RQ-170 Sentinel.

The mentioned vulnerability is known drones, reminiscent of Denis Fedutinov. However, the U.S. military has repeatedly been negligent in terms of respect used by them blah BLAH.

Often used exposed unprotected communication channels transmitted by which information from onboard monitoring systems could be intercepted by another party.

"This attitude is caused by the fact that their system BLAH for the past three decades were mainly used against a weaker opponent, not fitted with modern air defense systems or modern electronic warfare systems. However, we cannot exclude that in the future, these vulnerabilities are considered to increase the autonomy of action blah BLAH, there will be new navigation system is not as dependent on data from satellites," concluded Denis Fedutinov.

Mikhail Khodarenok

Source: https://m.gazeta.ru/army/2020/08/07/13185313.shtml


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