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"Roskosmos": why do we have people in orbit?
Material posted: Publication date: 05-04-2017
Last Friday, the expert Council of the military-industrial complex (the Military-industrial Commission) conducted the discussion so far unpublished and awaiting approval by the government of strategy of development of the Russian space Agency "Roskosmos" until 2025, as well as the future development until 2030. Speakers at the meeting, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said that the industry needs customers who will be interested not primarily in the implementation of projects, as is currently often the case and on the end result.

The example of Rozogin led International space station (ISS), where some individual research was conducted 10 years ago, and now to find interested in their endeavor of people is not possible. Vice Prime Minister also said that now need to decide – do we need all people in orbit. If the answer to this question is not found, you should assess and find out whether or not to focus on the exploration of space machines (read: robots). Attending the meeting the General Director of Roscosmos, Igor Komarov, in turn, has proposed to move from the stage of flight tests (been going on for almost two decades) to the operational phase of the ISS Russian segment. In addition, Mosquitoes are suggested to be from the continued presence of Russian crew on this station and will focus instead on one-time space missions.

Another representative of "Roscosmos", General designer for manned systems, Eugene Markin shared that in the near future (before the end of 2018, according to the plans provided in the presentation) to the ISS will be sent a new Russian research module. By 2020 it is planned to deliver to the station two more module and then it will be necessary to solve definitively a question on the future Russian participation in the ISS program. Working with ISS is the world's various space agencies have agreed to use and support the station until 2024. The Russian side, in turn, does not exclude the possibility of detaching the Russian part of the ISS beyond 2024 for further offline use.

As noted by the designer of control systems for Soviet and Russian spacecraft (including the station "Mir") Mr brunets, space stations began in the 70-ies. In this work, was observed with great enthusiasm. However, the most extensive in the world in the field of domestic experience has shown that technologies that require human intervention there, is there any obvious prospects of a unique production on space stations. The designer believes that the US will abandon support of the ISS beyond 2024, and will continue to further the exploration of space their way.


Special attention at the meeting in respect of the further strategy of development of the Russian segment of the space was given to the issue of commercialization of space technologies and raising the level of public-private partnerships to increase the level of Russia's presence in the world market in this field. However, as noted, to address this question first it is necessary to increase declined in recent years, the reliability of Russian media. According to Rogozin, now she is at a low level and is about 93 percent. By 2020, this level of reliability is expected to grow to 96 percent, and then five years and up to 99 percent. In addition, you must resolve the issue of prospects of using super-heavy carrier rockets. According to Alexander Medvedev, chief designer for launch vehicles, Russia has now no possibility of launching into geostationary orbit objects the same "secret us satellites up to 100 meters."

Return to the construction of heavy media instead of destroyed in the process of restructuring the "Energy" is fully supported by the former Soviet Minister of General machine building Oleg Baklanov. However, the use of rockets with a reusable stage, as it offers to do company SpaceX, he believes justified only if we are talking about an ultralight class. The Falcon 9 rocket, in turn, is a medium/heavy class. Such a new missile, according to experts, could be used for a restore of losses of networks of low-orbit communications satellites of the lungs. Under the proposed strategy, the media type will not begin before 2028 and the development of a reusable version is not earlier than 2030.

As noted by the expert of the Center for analysis of strategies and technologies, Konstantin Makiyenko, the implementation of projects under discussion to the greatest extent will depend on budget constraints. Thus the smallest risk of failure of the implementation will be subject to military projects, like the creation of a new segment of space systems for warning of missile attack.

Nikolai Khizhnyak


Tags: Russia , space

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