From "Umbrella" to "snare"
During the world Cup 2018 in Russia most effectively proved the means of suppression of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) as "Snare", "beacon", "Pathfinder-9M", "Umbrella-1", "Umbrella-2" and "Shroud-WRC". On this forum "security and safety Technologies", said the Chairman of the scientific and technical Committee of the Department of building and development of a UAV of the General staff Colonel Andrey Cayman.
That military during the football championship will be to protect the Russian stadiums from drones including using complex "Snare", RBC reported with reference to its sources in may 2018. Description and characteristics of the experimental device "Snare" informed free no.
"What are the features of the use of, for example, produce "the Snare"? Tactics was kind of a dome coverage of the object in the action area. But in those places where this method prevented the operation of the radioservis, used pie coating objects," said Cayman. He also said that the range of intelligence of the control channels of the UAV complex "Snare" — 1 km, the range of suppression is 4 km range suppression (distortions) of satellite navigation systems (GLONASS/GPS) — 4 km. In practice, this allows you to create securable around a dome with a radius of 2 km, preventing access to the drones.
Data on other complexes a little. A means of suppression drones "Umbrella" made of the joint instrument Corporation (part of rostec). The complex provides protection of equipment from the American guided air missiles with semi-active laser and thermal imaging homing head of the type of Maverick, the American guided artillery projectiles of Copperhead type and is able to hide the equipment for the aerosol spray when the threat of an attack.
Electronic newspaper forum-msk.org calls the tool "the lighthouse" "a powerful broadcasting complex for the purpose of electronic warfare". The only mention of the complex "Pelena-WRC" was found on the procurement website. In September 2013, the Kaluga research radio engineering Institute posted an announcement about the purchase from a single supplier an integral part of research work "Shroud-WRC". The initial cost of purchase amounted to 1 million rubles means of combat drones "Pathfinder-9M" information in the public domain.
Currently, there is a surge of interest in means of combat unmanned aerial vehicles, both military and civilian, said the representative of the company "Russian high technologies" Ilya Korolkov. In addition to the military, in which many of their own developments, these systems are actively used and other law enforcement agencies, and security services for the protection of sports facilities, industrial enterprises, important and vulnerable civilian infrastructure, he said. "With regard to suppressants, mentioned by the representative of the General staff, it is mainly on abandoned mines that have not yet reached mass production. Many of them most likely are still being finalized," added Korol'kov.
Ten thousand soldiers against UAV
Well portable means, which were armed foot patrols of the special forces of various law enforcement agencies, said Cayman. According to him, it is about the means to counter the use of drones "Stupor", "Bagor", "Arrow-Eka", "Stiletto" and "Phantom" that looks like a long-barreled small arms.
Of these complexes revealed the appearance and characteristics only of "Stupor". Overall system length — 1.16 m, weight in working position — 5.5 kg. For the store "Spetstekh" stated that the cost of a portable unit makes 487 thousand.
During the world Cup have been prevented about 50 unauthorized flights of drones, 14 of them are devices such as Mavic, one — Inspire, four Phantom two quadcopter artisanal assemblies, the others of unknown type, said Cayman. In addition, were detained about 20 of drone operators, among whom were not only Russians, but also citizens of China, Mexico, USA, Serbia and Morocco.
"To understand the scale of effort on our part to ensure the safety of the world Cup to counter the UAV, will reveal the composition of the forces. Involved more than 10 thousand troops, a significant number of combat ships, air ships manned — aircraft — due to the fact that there was a very wide range of cities-participants," said Cayman.
The world Cup was held from June 14 to July 15, 2018 in 11 cities: Moscow, Kaliningrad, St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Volgograd, Kazan, Samara, Saransk, Rostov-on-don, Sochi and Yekaterinburg. According to official data, the total matches of the championship was visited by over 3 million people.
Than common more dangerous
The General staff said that the most common in Russia copters Chinese production capacity up to 1 kg, with a flight time half an hour, usually equipped with optronic and navigation equipment. The Colonel showed some slides with the drones of the Chinese company DJI. These drones can fly in an Autonomous mode 5-7 km in half an hour, said an employee of the General staff.
"It is such devices available in the free market, in which case no identificireba neither the seller nor the purchaser. Their production and sale are not regulated," — said Cayman. According to him, the experience of the Russian armed forces in hot spots shows that the illegal armed groups and criminal gangs use these products. "They equip the drones with relief devices various ammunition," — said Cayman.
The UAV attacks on the Russian base in Syria
On the night of January 1, 2018, the base Hamim attacked eight drones. Two people were killed, was damaged four aircraft and two helicopters, blow up the ammunition depot. The defense Ministry confirmed the fact of the attack, but denied that the attack was carried out with the use of drones.
Another UAV attack occurred on the night of 6 January of the same year — the order of steel Hamim and the point of logistics of the Navy in Tartus. This was officially announced by the defense Ministry. The attack was used 13 drones, seven of them were destroyed by rocket-gun complexes "Carapace", and the rest of Russian specialists from the divisions of electronic warfare has been brought under control, claimed in the military.
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